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May 21 10 6:06 PM
The Great Atlanta Fire of 1917 began just after noon on Monday, May 21 and was finally extinguished by 10 PM. Destroyed were 300 acres (much of the Fourth Ward), including nearly 2,000 homes, businesses and churches, and 10,000 people were displaced. There was only one fatality, a woman who suffered a heart attack after her home burnt to the ground. Losses totalled $5.5 million.It was a clear, warm and sunny day with a brisk breeze from the south. This was not the only fire of the day, but the fourth call in the span of an hour: a small fire at the Candler Warehouse across the tracks from West End at 11:39 AM; at 11:43 a fire seven blocks north that destroyed three houses; and at 12:15, south of the Georgia Railroad from the big fire, ten homes were destroyed before being extinguished. At 12:46 a call came from a small warehouse just north of Decatur Street between Fort and Hilliard, and the crew sent to inspect it found a stack of burning mattresses, but had no firefighting equipment with them. If the fire department had not been spread across so many different parts of the city already, the fire would have been put out there; but by the time reinforcements arrived, it was quickly leaping north.The fire spread quickly up to Edgewood Avenue and from there throughout the main residential areas of Sweet Auburn, sparing little. Unfortunately, the area between Decatur and Edgewood was crammed with shanties and lean-tos, which provided fuel to build the fire very strong and fast.
A corridor was burned due north between Jackson (now Parkway and Charles Allen) and Boulevard, with a few prominent bulges at Highland and just south of Ponce de Leon Avenue. At Houston Street, the fire was still being stopped on the east by Boulevard (just sparing John Wesley Dobbs' block). When the fire reached Highland, it raced both east and west through many fine homes. Around 4:00 in the afternoon, fire-fighters had begun to stall the fire by using dynamite to destroy many homes along Pine, Boulevard and finally Ponce de Leon.
By nightfall the fire crossed Ponce. While reduced, it headed north through the recently built-out neighborhood along St. Charles, Vedado Way and Greenwood Avenue. It finally stopped at 10 PM, more than a mile north of where it had begun.
In eleven hours, 22,000,000 gallons of water were pumped to put out the fire. Additional fire trucks had been sent from nine Georgia towns (as far away as Macon and Augusta), as well as from Chattanooga and Knoxville in Tennessee. 1,938 buildings were destroyed over 300 acres (1.2 km2) spanning 73 city blocks. Fires smoldered for the rest of the week.Since more than 85% of the destroyed buildings had wood shingles, the city quickly passed an ordinance banning them for new construction. By 1931 all older buildings had replaced the shingles. In the history of the city, only Sherman's fire of 1864 did more extensive damage.
Rebuilding was sporadic, with large swaths kept open for years. Commercial strips were quickly built on the destroyed portions of Edgewood and Auburn where busy streetcar routes ran: 17 and 3 respectively. Where large estates with spacious front yards had been, along the entire stretch of Boulevard up to Ponce, dozens of two- and three-storey apartment buildings that hugged the sidewalk were built. Large open spaces were left at what is now the King Memorial and Bedford-Pine Park (host of Music Midtown in the 2000s).
Low-income housing developments were built in the destroyed extreme southern section and the areas south of North Avenue. Some 50 acres (200,000 m2) around Boulevard and Highland were eventually developed as the campus for Atlanta University's Medical Center. Except for where single family homes were quickly rebuilt north of Ponce de Leon, the character of this large area of Atlanta was changed forever. The next U.S. fire of more significance wouldn't occur for more than 70 years: The Oakland Hills firestorm of 1991.
1940 - Will Bradley and his orchestra recorded one of the best of the Big Band era. Ray McKinley played drums and did the vocal for the boogie-woogie tune, "Beat Me Daddy, Eight to the Bar". The song, on Columbia Records, was so long it took up both sides of the 78rpm platter.
1955 - Chuck Berry went into a recording session for Chess, performing a restyled version of "Ida Red". What came out of that hot session was Ida Red's new name and Chuck Berry's first hit, "Maybellene". "Maybellene" topped the R & B charts at #1, and the pop charts at #5. And Beethoven rolled over...
May 22 10 8:35 PM
May 23 10 3:49 PM
On This Day May 23
1430 - Joan of Arc was captured by the Burgundians, who sold her to the English.
1533 - the marriage of England's King Henry VIII to Catherine of Aragon was declared null and void.
1701 - William Kidd (Captain Kidd) was hanged in London after he was convicted of piracy and murder.1774 - Chestertown tea party occurs (tea dumped into Chester River)
1788 - South Carolina became the eighth state to ratify the United States Constitution.
1827 - The first nursery school in the U.S. was established in New York City.
1865 - Flag flown at full staff over White House, 1st time since Lincoln shot
1873 - Canada's North West Mounted Police force was established. The organization's name was changed to Royal Canadian Mounted Police in 1920. 1873 - Postal cards sold in SF for 1st time1879 - The first U.S. veterinary school was established by Iowa State University. 1895 - The New York Public Library was created with an agreement that combined the city's existing Astor and Lenox libraries. 1900 - Associated Press News Service forms in New York
1908 - Dirigible explodes over SF Bay, 16 passengers fall, none die
1918 King Oil/Shell refinery on Curaçao officially opens
1922 - Walt Disney incorporates his 1st film company Laugh-O-Gram Films1922 - "Daylight Saving Time" was debated in the first debate ever to be heard on radio in Washington, DC.1934 - Bank robbers Clyde Barrow and Bonnie Parker were shot to death in a police ambush in Bienville Parish, La.1938 - "LIFE" magazine’s cover pictured Errol Flynn as a glamour boy. 1939 - British decoration, George Cross, 1st presented
1940 - 1st great dogfight between Spitfires1944 - Polo Grounds host 1st NYC night game since 19411945 - Winston Churchill resigns as British PM1945 - Nazi official Heinrich Himmler committed suicide while imprisoned in Luneburg, Germany.
1949 - the Federal Republic of Germany (West Germany) was established.
1953 - Schools 1st use Cliff's Notes1956 - World Trade Center dedicated in Ferry Building, SF
1967 - Egypt closed the Straits of Tiran to Israeli ships, an action which precipitated war between Israel and its Arab neighbors the following month.
1979 - 1st edition of "Wisden Cricket Monthly" 1984 - Surgeon General C. Everett Koop issued a report saying there was "very solid" evidence linking cigarette smoke to lung disease in non-smokers.
1991 - U.S. Supreme Court bars subsidized clinics from discussing abortion 1999 - Gerry Bloch, at age 81, became the oldest climber to scale El Capitan in Yosemite National Park. He broke his own record that he set in 1986 when he was 68 years old.
Patents, Inventions and Registered Trademarks
1785 - Benjamin Franklin announces his invention of bifocals In 1785, a letter from Benjamin Franklin documented his invention of his new bifocal glasses. He was writing from France to a friend describing the solution to carrying around two pairs of glasses to see objects at different distances, with the comment that "I have only to move my eyes up and down as I want to see far or near." Franklin incorporated a two part lens for each eye, each parts having a different focussing power. The invention had limited acceptance at a time when even ordinary spectacles in the colonies already cost as much as $100 per pair.
1934 - Wallace Carothers manufactures 1st nylon (polymeer 66)
1950 - Refrigeration patentIn 1950, black American inventor F.M. Jones was issued a patent for a "System for Controlling Operation of Refrigeration Units" (No. 2,509,099).
Special People EventsOtto LilienthalBorn 23 May 1848; died 10 Aug 1896. Glider1891 - German inventor and aeronautical pioneer on whose studies formed a foundation for Octave Chanute and the Wright brothers. His prior inventions, such as a small steam engine that worked on a system of tubular boilers designed for safety, brought him financial success. In 1891, he built and flew in the Derwitzer Glider. Within the next five years (before he died in a crash), assisted by his brother, Gustav, he designed other gliders and made 2000 flights. He carefully studied the aerodynamics of rigid wings, inspired by the gliding flight of storks made without flapping their wings. Although his aircraft achieved only low speed and altitudes, and he had survived other crashes, he broke his spine and died the day following a crash, falling from about 56-feet.
Georges ClaudeNeon SignDied 23 May 1960 (born 24 Sep 1870) The French engineer, chemist, and inventor of the neon light, Georges Claude, was born in Paris. He invented the neon light, which was the forerunner of the fluorescent light. Claude was the first to apply an electrical discharge to a sealed tube of neon gas, around 1902 and make a neon lamp ("Neon" from Greek "neos," meaning "new gas.") He first publicly displayed the neon lamp on 11 Dec 1910 in Paris. His French company Claude Neon, introduced neon signs to the U.S. with two "Packard" signs for a Packard car dealership in Los Angeles, purchased by Earle C. Anthony for $24,000.
1876 - 1st NL no-hitter (Joe Borden, Boston)
1883 - Baseball game between one-armed & one-legged players
1935 - 1st scheduled night game, postponed due to rain (Cincinnati)
1948 - Joe DiMaggio hits 3 consecutive HRs
1962 - Joe Pepitone 2nd Yankee to hit 2 HRs in 1 inning (Joe DiMaggio)
1976 - Amy Alcott wins '76 LPGA Golf Classic
1982 - Cathy Morse wins LPGA Chrysler-Plymouth Charity Golf Classic
1993 - Val Skinner wins LPGA Lady Keystone Golf Open
Plays, Operas and Musicals Premiers and Events
1750 - Carlo Goldoni's "Il Bugiardo" premieres in Mantua
1921 - "Shuffle Along" 1st black musical comedy, opens in NYC1922 - "Abie's Irish Rose" 1st of over 2,500 performances
1951 - Peter Ustinov's "Love of Four Colonels," premieres in London
1960 - "Finian's Rainbow" opens at 46th St Theater NYC for 12 performances
Motion Picture Events
1979 - "The Kids Are Alright," Jeff Stein's documentary compilation of film clips detailing the history of the Who, debuted in New York.
1994 - "Pulp Fiction" won the "Golden Palm" for best film at the 47th Cannes Film Festival.
1963 - NBC purchases 1963 AFL championship game TV rights for $926,0001969 - BBC orders 13 episodes of Monty Python's Flying Circus
1994 - Star Trek The Next Generation, finale airs this week in syndication
1940 - "I'll Never Smile Again" was recorded by Frank Sinatra and Tommy Dorsey and the Pied Pipers.1960 - "Got A Girl" by The Four Preps hits #241960 - The Everly Brothers recorded "Cathey's Clown." 1964 - Ella Fitzgerald's cover of the Beatles' "Can't Buy Me Love" hit #34 in the U.K. She was the first artist to chart in the U.K. with a Beatles cover. Today in Beatles History - Beatles apparel and gear 1966 - The Beatles' "Paperback Writer" b/w "Rain" single was released. 1969 - Who release rock opera "Tommy"
1970 - Grateful Dead's 1st performance outside of US (England)
2000 - The Eminem album "The Marshall Mathers LP" was released.
Chart Toppers - May 23 1951Mockingbird Hill -Patti PageOn Top of Old Smokey - The Weavers (vocal: Terry Gilkyson)Too Young - Nat King ColeKentucky Waltz - Eddy Arnold
1959The Happy Organ - Dave ‘Baby’ CortezA Teenager in Love - Dion & The BelmontsDream Lover - Bobby DarinThe Battle of New Orleans - Johnny Horton
1967Groovin’ - The Young RascalsRespect - Aretha FranklinI Got Rhythm - The HappeningsSam’s Place - Buck Owens
1975Shining Star - Earth, Wind & FireBefore the Next Teardrop Falls - Freddy FenderJackie Blue - Ozark Mountain DaredevilsI’m Not Lisa - Jessi Colter
1983Let’s Dance - David BowieFlashdance...What a Feeling - Irene CaraLittle Red Corvette - PrinceCommon Man - John Conlee
1991I Like the Way (The Kissing Game) - Hi-FiveTouch Me (All Night Long) - Cathy DennisHere We Go - C + C Music Factory Presents Freedom Williams and Zelma DavisIf I Know Me - George Strait
May 24 10 3:55 PM
The first moving walkway debuted at the World's Columbian Exposition of 1893, in Chicago, Illinois. It had two different divisions: one where passengers were seated, and one where riders could stand or walk. It ran in a loop down the length of a lakefront pier. One-third scale replica of Daniel Chester Frenchs Republic, which stood in the great basin at the exposition, Chicago, 2004 The Worlds Columbian Exposition (also called The Chicago Worlds Fair), a Worlds Fair, was held in Chicago in 1893, to celebrate the 400th anniversary of Christopher... Flag Seal Nickname: The Windy City Motto: Urbs In Horto (Latin: City in a Garden), I Will Location Location in Chicagoland and northern Illinois Coordinates , Government Country State Counties United States Illinois Cook, DuPage Mayor Richard M. Daley (D) Geographical characteristics Area City 606. ... A moving walkway was also presented to the public at the Paris Exposition Universelle in 1900. The walkway consisted of three elevated platforms, the first was stationary, the second moved at a moderate rate of speed, and the third at the rate of about six miles an hour. It has been suggested that List of visitor attractions in Paris be merged into this article or section. ... The Exposition Universelle of 1900 was a worlds fair held in Paris, France, to celebrate the achievements of the past century and to accelerate development into the next. ...
Originally referred to as the New York and Brooklyn Bridge, it was dubbed the Brooklyn Bridge in an 1867 letter to the editor of the Brooklyn Daily Eagle, and formally so named by the city government in 1915. Since its opening, it has become an iconic part of the New York skyline. It was designated a National Historic Landmark in 1964.1883 - After 14 years of construction the Brooklyn Bridge was opened to traffic. The Year 2000 - Ruby Slippers "Wizzard Of Oz" Sold at Auction Anthony Landini sold his pair of ruby slippers at Christie’s East, New York. Landini had purchased the slippers in 1988 for $165,000. The pair was one of several worn by Dorothy (Judy Garland) in the movie, "The Wizzard of Oz". Landini had grabbed the slippers at an auction at Christie’s. He sold them at that same auction house 12 years later to movie memorabilia collector David Elkouby, who paid $600,000, plus a $66,000 commission. After the auction, Landini was quoted as saying, “There’s no place like Christie’s.” “There’s no place like Christie’s.”
Sports Events1902 - Cleveland's Bill Bradley is 1st American League-er to hit a homerun in 4 consecutive games, not duplicated until Babe Ruth does it June 25, 1918 1929 - Detroit Tigers beats Chicago White Sox, 6-5, in 21 innings 1930 - Babe Ruth homers in both games of a doubleheader, giving him 9 in one week 1935 - The Cincinnati Reds played the Philadelphia Phillies in the first major league baseball game at night. The switch for the floodlights was thrown by U.S. President Franklin Roosevelt. 1936 - Tony Lazerri 2 grand slams (11 RBIs); Ben Chapman sets record by reaching 1st 7 times safely, Yankees beat A's 25-2 1940 - 1st night game at New York's Polo Grounds (Giants 8, Braves 1) 1940 - 1st night game at St Louis Sportsman Park (Indians 3, Browns 2) 1950 - ‘Sweetwater’ (Nat) Clifton’s contract was purchased by the New York Knicks. Sweetwater played for the Harlem Globetrotters and became the first black player in the NBA1951 - Willie Mays begins playing for the New York Giants .1962 - The officials of the National Football League ruled that halftime of regular season games would be cut to 15 minutes. 1964 - Longest homerun (471') in Baltimore's Memorial Stadium (Harmon Killebrew, Minnesota) 1984 - Detroit Tigers win American League record 17th straight road game 1989 - New York Yankee hurler Lee Gutterman sets record of pitching 30-2/3 innings before giving up his 1st run of the season 1989 - NHL's New York Rangers fire general manager & coach Phil Esposito Golf Events1964 - Betsy Rawls wins LPGA Dallas Civitan Golf Open Invitational 1970 - Donna Caponi Young wins LPGA Bluegrass Golf Invitational 1981 - Kathy Hite wins LPGA Corning Golf Classic 1987 - 33rd LPGA Championship won by Jane Geddes 1992 - Colleen Walker wins LPGA Corning Golf Classic 1992 - Pat Bradley wins J C Penney/LPGA Skins Game Golf Tournament Plays, Operas and Musicals Premiers and Events1859 - Charles Gounod's "Ave Maria" was performed by Madame Caroline Miolan-Carvalho for the first time in public.1873 - Leo Delibes' opera "Le Roi l'a Dit" premieres in Paris France 1890 - Tivoli Theater of Varities opens in London 1895 - Henry Irving becomes 1st theatrical knight 1908 - John Masefields "Tragedy of Nan" premieres in London 1948 - Benjamin Brittens "Beggar's Opera" premieres in Cambridge 1966 - "Mame" opens at Winter Garden Theater NYC for 1508 performances 1984 - "The Wiz" opens at Lunt Fontanne Theater NYC for 13 performances Motion Picture Events1985 - "View to a Kill" premieres in US 1989 - "Indiana Jones & the Last Crusade" premieres 1989 - "Weird Al" Yankovic recorded "Generic Blues," "Biggest Ball of Twine in Minnesota," "Hot Rocks Polka," "Attack of the Radioactive Hamsters," and "Spam." The five tracks all appeared on the soundtrack to his film "UHF." 1996 - "Spy Hard" starring Leslie Nielsen is released TV Events1953 - A previously unknown actor, Rod Steiger, starred in "Marty" on the "Goodyear Playhouse". Paddy Chayefsky wrote the original TV play and then adapted it for the Oscar-winning film.
May 25 10 6:00 PM
1984 - The Detroit Tigers tied the 1916 New York Giants as they won their 17th road game in a row, beating the California Angels 5-1. That game broke the American League mark of 16 that was previously held by the Washington Senators -- dating back to 1912. The Seattle Mariners put a stop to that streak the following night, defeating Detroit 7-3.
1998 - St. Louis Cardinals slugger Mark McGwire made baseball history this day. The major-league player hit his 25th home run before June 1. Until this home run in the first inning of a game against the Colorado Rockies, McGwire was tied with Ken Griffey Jr., the only players in major-league history to hit 24 home runs before June 1 in a baseball season. McGwire finished out the month with a total of 27 home runs, the 26th on May 29th, and the 27th HR the next day, both against the San Diego Padres. These homers also gave McGwire the distinction of breaking the record for most home runs hit in one month (17) for the St. Louis ball club, a record he previously held with 15.
1985 - The pop/rock group, Wham!, featuring George Michael, became the first group since the Bee Gees in 1979 to place three consecutive singles in the number one spot on the music charts. "Everything She Wants" started a 2-week run at number one on this day. The other Wham! number one-ers were "Careless Whisper" (2/16/85 - 3 weeks) and "Wake Me Up Before You Go-Go" (11/17/84 - 3 weeks).
May 26 10 2:38 PM
1328 - William of Ockham forced to flee from Avignon by Pope John XXII1637 - 1st battle of Pequot at New Haven Ct kills 500 indians1647 - Alse Young becomes the first person executed as a witch in the American colonies, when she is hanged in Hartford, Connecticut. . 1781 - Bank of North America incorporates in Philadelphia1790 - Territory South of River Ohio created by Congress1798 - British kill about 500 Irish insurgents at the Battle of Tara1805 - Lewis & Clark 1st see Rocky Mountains1805 - Napoleon is crowned king of Italy1824 - Brazil is recognized by US1828 - Mysterious feral child Kaspar Hauser is discovered wandering the streets of Nuremberg.1861 - Postmaster General Blair announces end of postal connection with South1861 - Union blockades New Orleans LA & Mobile AL1864 - -30 Skirmish along the Totopotomoy Creek, Virginia1864 - Territory of Montana formed1865 - Battle of Galveston TX, surrender of Edmund Kirby Smith1868 - President Andrew Johnson avoids impeachment by 1 vote1869 - Boston University is chartered by the Commonwealth of Massachusetts.1874 - 2nd Preakness: William Donohue aboard Culpepper wins in 2:56.51876 - HMS Challenger returns from 128,000-km oceanographic exploration1883 - 11th Preakness: G Barbee aboard Jacobus wins in 2:42.51887 - Racetrack betting becomes legal in NY state1894 - Emanuel Lasker (26) becomes World Champion chess player1896 - 1st American intercollegiate bicycle race, Manhattan Beach NY1896 - Dow Jones begins an index of 12 industrial stocks (closing is 40.94)1896 - Last Czar of Russia, Nicholas II, crowned1896 - James Dunham murders six people in Campbell, California.1897 - Dracula The vampire novel Dracula, by Irish writer Bram Stoker, goes on sale in London bookshops 1898 - 32nd Belmont: F Littlefield aboard Bowling Brook wins in 2:321898 - SF approves City Charter, allows Municipal ownership of utilities1900 - British troops under Ian Hamilton attack the Vaal in South Africa1903 - Start of Sherlock Holmes "Adventure of 3 Gables" (BG)1905 - A pogrom against Jews in Minsk Belorussia1906 - Archaeological Institute of America forms1906 - Vauxhall Bridge is opened in London.1908 - At Masjed Soleyman (مسجد سليمان) in southwest Persia, the first major commercial oil strike in the Middle East is made. The rights to the resource are quickly acquired by the United Kingdom.1911 - 1st Indianapolis 500 auto race is run1913 - Actors' Equity Association forms (NYC)1913 - Emily Duncan becomes Great Britain's first woman magistrate.1915 - H H Asquith forms a coalition government in England1922 - Lenin suffers a stroke1923 - 1st Le Mans Grand Prix d'Endurance is run1924 - Pres Coolidge signs Immigration law: restricting immigration1927 - Ford Motor Company manufactures its 15 millionth Model T automobile1930 - Supreme Court rules buying liquor does not violate the Constitution1934 - Century of Progress Exposition reopens in Chicago1936 - 1st govt of Zealand in Belgium ends1937 - San Francisco Bay's Golden Gate Bridge opens1938 - House on un-American Activities forms1940 - Operation Dynamo begins evacuating defeated Allied troops from Dunkirk1941 - American Flag House (Betsy Ross' Home) given to city of Phila1941 - Ark Royal airplane sights German battleship Bismarck1942 - Anglo-Soviet Treaty signed in London1942 - Belgium Jews are required by Nazis to wear a Jewish star1942 - Tank battle at Bir Hakeim: African corps vs British army1943 - 1st president of a black country to visit US (Edwin Barclay, Liberia)1943 - Premier Churchill & General Marshall fly from US to North Africa1945 - US drop fire bombs on Tokyo1950 - Petrol Rationing Ends After 11 years petrol rationing finally ends in Great Britain and the British People tear up petrol rationing books which have been in use since the beginning of World War II in 1939. 1953 - Dutch Convair crashes at Schipholweg, 2 die1955 - Conservatives win British parliamentary election1956 - Aircraft carrier "Bennington" burns off RI, killing 1031958 - US performs nuclear test at Enwetak (atmospheric tests)1958 - Union Square, SF becomes state historical landmark1961 - Freedom Ride Coordinating Committee establishes in Atlanta1961 - USAF bomber flies Atlantic in a record of just over 3 hours1963 - Organization of African Unity forms1965 - Revised Intl Convention on Safety of Life at Sea takes effect1966 - Buddhist sets self on fire at US consulate in Hué South-Vietnam1966 - Guyana (formerly British Guiana) declares independence from UK1967 - US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site1969 - Apollo 10 astronauts returned to Earth1971 - Soviet Union's Concorde, TU-144, makes its 1st appearance1972 - Joe Frazier TKOs Ron Stander in 5 for heavyweight boxing title1972 - Nixon & Brezhnev signs SALT accord1972 - US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site1972 - The British state-owned travel firm Thomas Cook & Son is sold to a consortium of private businesses headed by the Midland Bank.1973 - Bahrain adopts it's constitution1975 - Tennis game in Surrey championships lasts 31 minutes1977 - George Willig climbs NYC World Trade Center1978 - 1st legal gambling casino opens in Atlantic City1980 - Dietmar Mogenburg of West Germany ties high jump record at 7'8"1980 - Soyuz 36 carries 2 cosmonauts (1 Hungarian) to Salyut 61981 - Marine jet crashes on flight deck of USS Nimitz, killing 141981 - The Italian Prime Minister Arnaldo Forlani and his coalition cabinet resign following a scandal over membership of the pseudo-masonic lodge P2 (Propaganda Due).1982 - Aston Villa wins 27th Europe Cup 1 of Rotterdam1982 - British ship Atlantic Conveyor & Coventry were hit in Falkland war1983 - 29th Walker Cup: US, 13½ - 10½1983 - Challenger moves to launch pad for STS-71983 - NASA launches Exosat1983 - US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site1984 - Frisbee is kept aloft for 1,672 seconds in Philadelphia1985 - Danny Sullivan wins Indy 500 by 24 seconds following a spin1987 - Cecilia Bolocco, 22, of Chile, crowned 36th Miss Universe1987 - Supreme Court ruled dangerous defendants could be held without bail1987 - William H Webster replaces Robert M Gates as 14th director of CIA1988 - Stanley Cup: Edmonton Oilers sweep Boston Bruins in 4 games1989 - At 7:42 AM, radio has a 30 2nd silence, honoring radio1989 - Danish parliament allows legal marriage among homosexuals1989 - US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site1990 - China PR performs nuclear test at Lop Nor PRC1993 - Olympique Marseille wins 38th Europe Cup I at Munich1996 - Indianapolis 500 race1998 - The United States Supreme Court rules that Ellis Island, the historic gateway for millions of immigrants, is mainly in the state of New Jersey, not New York.2002 - The Mars Odyssey finds signs of large ice deposits on the planet Mars.2002 - Álvaro Uribe becomes President of Colombia.2003 - Only three days after a previous record, Sherpa Lakpa Gelu climbs Mount Everest in 10 hours 56 minutes. The tourism ministry of Nepal confirms this record in July that year.2004 - The New York Times publishes an admission of journalistic failings, claiming that its flawed reporting and lack of skeptism towards sources during the buildup to the 2003 war in Iraq helped promote the belief that Iraq possessed large stockpiles of weapons of mass destruction.2004 - The United States Army veteran Terry Nichols is found guilty of 161 state murder charges for helping carry out the Oklahoma City bombing.2006 - The May 2006 Java earthquake kills over 5,700 people, leaves 200,000 homeless.Special People Events1954 - Liberace presented a three-hour, one-man concert at Madison Square Garden in New York City. Look at the official attendance: 13,000 women and 3,000 men! The performance nearly broke the box office mark of 18,000 set by pianist Ignace Jan Paderewski.
His New York City performance at Madison Square Garden in 1954, which earned him a record $138,000 for one performance, was more successful than the great triumph his idol Paderewski had made twenty years earlier. By 1955, he was making $50,000 per week at the Riviera Hotel and Casino in Las Vegas and had over 200 official fan clubs with a quarter of a million member fans. He was making over $1,000,000 per year from public appearances, and millions from television. Liberace was frequently covered by the major magazines and he became a pop culture superstar, and he also became the butt of jokes by other comedians and by the public.
Music critics were generally harsh in their assessment of his piano playing. Critic Lewis Funke wrote after the Carnegie Hall concert, Liberace's music "must be served with all the available tricks, as loud as possible, as soft as possible, and as sentimental as possible. It's almost all showmanship topped by whipped cream and cherries." Even worse was his lack of reverence and fealty to the great composers. "Liberace recreates—if that is the word—each composition in his own image. When it is too difficult, he simplifies it. When it is too simple, he complicates it". His sloppy technique included "slackness of rhythms, wrong tempos, distorted phrasing, an excess of prettification and sentimentality, a failure to stick to what the composer has written".
Fire Extinguisher PatentIn 1872, a fire extinguisher was patented by its black American inventor, Thomas J. Martin of Dowagiac, Michigan (U.S. No. 125,063). The patent describes installing piping and pumps in dwellings, mills, factories, or cities. The pipes may also be used for warming, ventilating and washing buildings, and for washing pavements and sprinkling streets. The discharge nozzles are designed to be mounted on vertical pipes, and have globe valves seated in them, all enclosed in a cage. The cage is made sufficiently high to allow the rise of the globe valve when pressed up by a jet of water through the nozzle. In use, the water jet would spread by the concave underside of the globe to spray an annular sheet or spray and wet a large surface. Edison Telegraphy PatentIn 1874, Thomas A. Edison was issued a patent for a device concerning "Automatic Telegraphy and in Perforators Therefor" (U.S. No. 151,209). This was just one of many patents on telegraphy he obtained early in his inventing career. He had applied for his first patent on 28 Nov 1868 for an "Electrographic Vote-Recorder." A couple of months later, his second patent application, on 25 Jan 1869, began a period of nine years of patenting inventions primarily related to printing telegraphs, electromagnetics, switches and circuit for telegraphy. This invention produced a message directly onto a strip of paper such that it was ready to be folded and sent to its destination immediately. Letters were formed by a 5x5 square of 25 punch wires.1946 - Patent filed in US for H-Bomb"In case you were thinking of building your own atom bomb, you may want to weigh your intellectual property liability. It seems there are over 2000 patents covering the atom bomb. To avoid publishing the patents, a central tenet of the patent system, "the project made use of an obscure law whereby patent applications could be filed but no one would actually look at them or evaluate them. They would just be stamped secret and stored in a vault at the patent office." The irony here is that while all the patents were essentially stored in the same place at the patent office and written to be understandable by any engineer, the Manhattan Project worked diligently to compartmentalize knowledge, using code names for just about all aspects of the project and keeping tight security on all information. It seems the patents were filed to give the U.S. government an essential monopoly on the burgeoning nuclear industry and protect it against others who might patent similar technologies later."
Wham-O Trademark - 1959The word "Frisbee" became a registered trademark of Wham-O - 1959Flying discs (commonly called Frisbees) are disc-shaped gliders, which are generally plastic and roughly 20 to 25 centimeters (8–10 inches) in diameter, with a lip. The shape of the disc, an airfoil in cross-section, allows it to fly by generating lift as it moves through the air while rotating. The name Frisbee is a registered trademark of the Wham-O toy company, but is often used uncapitalized generically to describe all flying discs. In 1955 Fred Morrison began marketing a plastic flying disc which he called the "Pluto Platter". He sold the design to Wham-O in 1957 and the design was modified, the product renamed Frisbee and sales took off in 1959. In 1957, Wham-O co-founder Richard Knerr decided to stimulate sales by giving the discs the additional brand name "Frisbee" (pronounced "FRIZ'-bee") after hearing that East Coast college students were calling the Pluto Platter by that name, the term "Frisbee" coming from the name of the New England pie manufacturer Frisbie Pie Company.
Sports Events1907 - Chic White Sox Ed Walsh no-hits NY Highlanders, 8-1 in 5 inning game1917 - Walt Cruise hit 1st HR out of Braves Field1925 - Babe Ruth is finally out of bed, 5 weeks after ulcer surgery1925 - Tigers' Ty Cobb is 1st to collect 1,000 extra-base hits (ends 1,139)1928 - A's commit 7 errors & lose to Yanks 7-41930 - Joe Sewell, strikes out twice of his 3 times in 1930, by Pat Caraway1933 - Phillies Chuck Klein hits for cycle vs St Louis Cards1946 - 2-for-42 & hitting .048 for 1946, Mel Ott stops playing baseball1956 - Reds' John Klippstein, Hershel Freemman & Joe Blacks no-hitter, broken up with 2 outs in 10th & lose to Braves in 11th, 2-11959 - Harvey Haddix pitches 12 perfect innings, loses in 13th1963 - Wes Stock becomes only Balt Oriole to win a doubleheader1973 - Chic White Sox beat Cleve Indians, 6-3, in 21 inn (game complete 5/28)1980 - Phillie Steve Carlton is 1st NLer to record 6, 1-hitters1983 - LA Lakers set NBA playoff game record of fewest free throws1990 - Phila Phillies retire Mike Schmidt's uniform #201992 - Carlos Martinez hits a ball off Jose Canseco's head for a HR1993 - Long fly ball by Indians' Carlos Martinez bounces off Jose Canseco's head & goes over fence for a home run1997 - Sammy Sosa (Cubs) & Tony Womack (Pirates) hit inside the park HRs
Golf Events1957 - Beverly Hanson wins LPGA Land of Sky Golf Open1963 - Mickey Wright wins LPGA Dallas Civitan Golf Open1968 - Kathy Whitworth wins LPGA Dallas Civitan Golf Open1974 - Joanne Carner wins Hoosier LPGA Golf Classic1985 - Patti Rizzo wins LPGA Corning Golf Classic1991 - Betsy King wins LPGA Corning Golf Classic1996 - Laura Davies wins J C Penney/LPGA Skins Golf Game1996 - Rosie Jones wins LPGA Corning Golf ClassicPlays, Operas and Musicals Premiers and Events1946 - Darius Milhauds 3rd Concert for piano/orchestra premieres in Prague1951 - Vaughan Williams "Pilgrim's Progress," premieres in London1955 - "7th Heaven" opens at ANTA Theater NYC for 44 performances1964 - "Fade Out-Fade In" opens at Mark Hellinger Theater NYC for 199 perfs1973 - Tippett's 3rd Piano sonata, premieres1988 - Andrew Lloyd Webber's musical "Cats" opened in Moscow with a British and American cast. Motion Picture Events1986 - Sylvester Stallone set a sales record for a non-sequel film with the release of "Cobra". Ticket sales for the opening day premiere were $12.4 million.
TV Events1961 - Dave Garroway told the NBC-TV brass that he was ready to retire. “I want to give up the Today show,” he said, “to stop talking awhile and start looking, thinking and listening to people.” Garroway voiced his trademark, “Peace,” with palm facing the camera, for the last time, after 10 years of early morning informing and entertaining.
1963 - 15th Emmy Awards: Dick Van Dyke Show, E G Marshall & Shirley Booth1965 - The Rolling Stones appeared on "Shindig!" along with Jackie De Shannon, Sonny and Cher and Jimmy Rodgers. 1969 - Dick Cavett began a prime time summer TV series three nights a week on ABC. The critics said, “It’s two nights and three quarters of one too much for Cavett.” Within two years, ABC decided that Cavett would be the star of its late night offering five nights a week against Johnny Carson. Guess who kept his job?
1993 - Emmy 20th Daytime Award presentation - Susan Lucci loses for 14th time1998 - The Coca-Cola jingle by Big Bad Voodoo Daddy was aired.
Music Events1937 - Lionel Hampton and his band recorded "Flying Home." 1973 - Beatles' "Beatles 1967-1970," album goes #11973 - Funky Worm by Ohio Players hits #151973 - Super Fly Meets Shaft by John & Ernest hits #311973 - Deep Purple's single "Smoke On The Water" was released 1979 - Dancin' Fool by Frank Zappa hits #451987 - Jill Jones' self-titled debut album was released. 1992 - Weird Al Yankovic begins his Off The Deep End tour1999 - It was announced that the Backstreet Boys album "Millennium" had sold 1.13 million units in its first week of release. Chart Toppers - May 26 1946The Gypsy - The Ink SpotsAll Through the Day - Perry ComoLaughing on the Outside - The Sammy Kaye Orchestra (vocal: Billy Williams)New Spanish Two Step - Bob Wills1954Wanted - Perry ComoLittle Things Mean a Lot - Kitty KallenMan Upstairs - Kay StarrI Really Don’t Want to Know - Eddy Arnold1962Stranger on the Shore - Mr. Acker BilkI Can’t Stop Loving You - Ray CharlesOld Rivers - Walter BrennanShe Thinks I Still Care - George Jones1970American Woman/No Sugar Tonight - The Guess WhoTurn Back the Hands of Time - Tyrone DavisEverything is Beautiful - Ray StevensMy Love - Sonny James1978With a Little Luck - WingsToo Much, Too Little, Too Late - Johnny Mathis/Deniece WilliamsYou’re the One that I Want - John Travolta & Olivia Newton-JohnShe Can Put Her Shoes Under My Bed (Anytime) - Johnny Duncan1986Greatest Love of All - Whitney HoustonLive to Tell - MadonnaOn My Own - Patti LaBelle & Michael McDonaldTomb of the Unknown Love -Kenny Rogers"What's Up Doc?"kittencaboudle
May 27 10 5:11 PM
The Walt Disney World Resort is the world's largest and most visited recreational resort, covering a 25,000-acre (39 sq mi; 100 km2) area southwest of Orlando, Florida, USA. The resort encompasses four theme parks, two water parks, 24 on-site themed resort hotels (excluding 8 that are on-site, but not owned by the Walt Disney Company), two health spas and fitness centers, and other recreational venues and entertainment. It opened on October 1, 1971 with only the Magic Kingdom theme park, and has since added Epcot (October 1, 1982), Disney's Hollywood Studios (May 1, 1989), and Disney's Animal Kingdom (April 22, 1998).In 1959, Walt Disney Productions began looking for land for a second park to supplement Disneyland, which had opened in Anaheim, California in 1955. Market surveys revealed that only 2% of Disneyland's visitors came from east of the Mississippi River, where 75% of the population of the United States lived. Additionally, Walt Disney disliked the businesses that had sprung up around Disneyland and wanted control of a much larger area of land for the new project.
Walt Disney flew to Orlando site (one of many) on November 22, 1963. He had previously flown over Sanford, Florida and approached the city council to allow him to build Disney World there, but was denied. Seeing the well-developed network of roads, including the planned Interstate 4 and Florida's Turnpike, with McCoy Air Force Base (later Orlando International Airport) to the east, he immediately fell in love with the site. When later asked why he chose it, he said, "the freeway routes, they bisect here." Disney focused most of his attention on the "Florida Project" where he purchased land for Disney World, both before and after his participation at the 1964–1965 New York World's Fair, but he died on December 15, 1966, and never saw his vision complete. (happened to go to this fair alonmg with my Mom ,my sister and our kids, my daughter and her two boys)
To avoid a burst of land speculation, Disney used various dummy corporations and cooperative individuals to acquire 27,400 acres (11,100 ha) of land. The first 5-acre (2.0 ha) lot was bought on October 23, 1964, by the Ayefour Corporation (a pun on Interstate 4). Others were also used with second or secret meanings which add to the lore of the Florida Project, including M.T. Lott Real Estate Investments ("empty lot"). Some of these names are memorialized on a window above Main Street, U.S.A. in the Magic Kingdom.
In May 1965, major land transactions were recorded a few miles southwest of Orlando in Osceola County. Two large tracts totaling $1.5 million were sold, and smaller tracts of flatlands and cattle pastures were purchased by exotic-sounding companies such as the Latin-American Development and Management Corporation and the Reedy Creek Ranch Corporation. In addition to three huge parcels of land were many smaller parcels, referred to as "outs."
Much of the land had been platted into 5-acre (2.0 ha) lots in 1912 by the Munger Land Company and sold to investors. In most cases, the owners were happy to get rid of the land, which was mostly swamp. Yet another problem was the mineral rights to the land, owned by Tufts University. Without the transfer of these rights, Tufts could come in at any time and demand the removal of buildings to obtain minerals.
After most of the land had been bought, the truth of the property's owner was leaked to the Orlando Sentinel newspaper on October 20, 1965. A press conference soon was organized for November 15. At the presentation, Walt Disney explained the plans for the site, including EPCOT, the Experimental Prototype Community of Tomorrow, which was to be a futuristic city (and which was also known as Progress City). Plans for EPCOT would drastically change after Disney's death. EPCOT became EPCOT Center, the resort's second theme park, which opened in 1982. Concepts from the original idea of EPCOT would be integrated into the community of Celebration much later.During the resort's early planning stages, Walt Disney referred to the project as Project X, The Florida Project, Disney World, and The Disney World. Early visual references used the same medieval font as Disneyland. Walt Disney was very involved in the site selection and project planning in the years before his death. The secretive names were chosen because of the high confidentiality of the project during the initial planning. After Walt Disney's death, Roy O. Disney added the name Walt to Disney World as a permanent tribute to his brother.
The resort's original logo was an oversized "D" with a Mickey Mouse-shaped globe containing latitude and longitude lines, with the property's name presented in a modern, sans-serif font. Walt Disney World Resort retired its original font and symbol during its 25th anniversary celebration in 1996–97. The old "D" symbol still can be found in many places, however, including the front car of each monorail, manhole covers, select merchandise items and flags flown at several sites across the property.
The Reedy Creek Drainage District was incorporated on May 13, 1966 under Florida State Statutes Chapter 298, which gives powers including eminent domain to special Drainage Districts. To create the District, only the support of the landowners within was required.
Walt Disney died on December 15, 1966, before his vision was realized. His brother and business partner, Roy O. Disney, postponed his retirement to oversee construction of the resort's first phase. The Disney Company worked with Robert Hart, a New York architect and founder of Hart Howerton, an architecture firm that specializes in large-scale land use, to develop the initial master plans for the park. Hart had previously worked with John Carl Warnecke & Associates, which designed the John F. Kennedy memorial at Arlington National Cemetery.
On February 2, 1967, Roy O. Disney held a press conference at the Park Theatres in Winter Park, Florida. The role of EPCOT was emphasized in the film that was played, the last one recorded by Walt Disney before his death. After the film, it was explained that for Walt Disney World to succeed, a special district would have to be formed: the Reedy Creek Improvement District with two cities inside it, the City of Bay Lake and the City of Reedy Creek (now the City of Lake Buena Vista). In addition to the standard powers of an incorporated city, which include the issuance of tax-free bonds, the district would have immunity from any current or future county or state land-use laws. The only areas where the district had to submit to the county and state would be property taxes and elevator inspections.
The legislation forming the district and the two cities was signed into law on May 12, 1967. The Florida Supreme Court ruled in 1968 that the district was allowed to issue tax-exempt bonds for public projects within the district despite the sole beneficiary being Walt Disney Productions.
The district soon began construction of drainage canals, and Disney built the first roads and the Magic Kingdom. Disney's Contemporary Resort, Disney's Polynesian Resort, and Disney's Fort Wilderness Resort & Campground were also completed in time for the park's opening on October 1, 1971. The Palm and Magnolia golf courses near the Magic Kingdom had opened a few weeks before.
Roy O. Disney dedicated the property and declared that it would be known as "Walt Disney World" in his brother's honor. In his own words: "Everyone has heard of Ford cars. But have they all heard of Henry Ford, who started it all? Walt Disney World is in memory of the man who started it all, so people will know his name as long as Walt Disney World is here." After the dedication, Roy Disney asked Walt's widow, Lillian, what she thought of Walt Disney World. According to biographer Bob Thomas, she responded, "I think Walt would have approved."
Roy O. Disney died on December 20, 1971, barely three months after the property opened.When the Magic Kingdom opened in 1971, the site employed about 5,500 "cast members". Today it employs more than 66,000, spending more than $1.2 billion on payroll and $474 million on benefits each year. The largest single-site employer in the United States , Walt Disney World Resort has more than 3,700 job classifications. The resort also sponsors and operates the Walt Disney World College Program, an internship program that has American college students live on site and work for the resort, providing much of the theme park and resort "front line" cast members. There is also the Walt Disney World International College Program, an internship program that has college students from all over the world.
Disney subsequently opened EPCOT Center in 1982, a theme park adapted from Walt Disney's vision for a "community of tomorrow". The park permanently adopted the name Epcot in 1996. In 1989, the resort added Disney-MGM Studios, a theme park inspired by show business, whose name was changed to Disney's Hollywood Studios in 2008. The resort's fourth theme park, Disney's Animal Kingdom, opened in 1998.
Meg Crofton was named president of the resort in August 2006, replacing Al Weiss, who had overseen the site since 1994.A fleet of Disney-operated buses on property, branded Disney Transport, is available for guests at no charge. In 2007, Disney Transport started a guest services upgrade to the buses. SatellGPS systems controlling new public address systems on the buses give safety information, park tips and other general announcements, with music. The Walt Disney World Monorail System also provides transportation at Walt Disney World.
Previously there were 12 operational monorails although a crash occurring in July 2009 meant that the Pink and Purple monorails were taken out of service. Parts of the Pink and Purple monorails were used to create a new monorail with the colour Teal which was put into operation in November 2009 taking the total amount of monorails to 11. They operate on three routes that interconnect at the Transportation and Ticket Center (TTC) adjacent to the Magic Kingdom's parking lot. One line provides an express non-stop link from the TTC to the Magic Kingdom, whilst a second line provides a link from the TTC to Epcot. The third line links the TTC and the Magic Kingdom to the Contemporary, Polynesian, and Grand Floridian resorts.
Despite marketing claims and popular misconceptions, the Florida resort is not located within Orlando city limits and is actually locacted about 21 miles (34 km) southwest of Orlando within southwestern Orange County, with the remainder in adjacent Osceola County. The property include the cities of Lake Buena Vista and Bay Lake which are governed by the Reedy Creek Improvement District. The 25,000 acres (101 km2; 39 sq mi) site is accessible from Central Florida's Interstate 4 via Exits 62B (World Drive), 64B (US 192 West), 65B (Osceola Parkway West), 67B (SR 536 West), and 68 (SR 535 North), and Exit 8 on State Road 429 (Florida), the Western Expressway. At its peak, the resort occupied approximately 30,000 acres (120 km2) or 47 square miles (120 km²), about the size of San Francisco, or twice the size of Manhattan. Portions of the property since have been sold or de-annexed, including land now occupied by the Disney-built community of Celebration.As part of a competition run by Disney for 2010, Walt Disney World Resort has an unofficial twinning (sister city) with Swindon, England, since 2009
In May 2010, Disney Parks announced the development of Disney's Art of Animation Resort. Planned to occupy the land formerly intended for an expansion of the Pop Century Resort, Art of Animation, a Value Resort, will feature predominantly family-style suites when it opens in 2012.
TOM SAWYER IN BRONZE - With Huck Finn He is Unveiled as Statue at Hannibal, Mo.
Special to The New York Times.
HANNIBAL, Mo., May 27. - Life size statues of Tom Sawyer and Huckleberry Finn, done in bronze by Frederick Hibbard, today were unveiled before a large crowd. The work, which shows Tom starting out in life and Huck remaining behind, was presented to the city by George A. Mahan and his family.Dean Walter Willliams of the University of Missouri made the principal address. Mayor Morris Anderson made the speech of acceptance.
The crowd seemed most interested in Mrs. Laura Frazer, the Betty [sic] Thatcher of "The Adventures of Tom Sawyer." She is nearly 90 years old and her happiness is unbounded that the statue should be placed at the base of Cardiff Hill where she, Tom Sawyer and Huck Finn played and raced in their childhood days.
1957 - "That’ll be the Day", by The Crickets and featuring Buddy Holly, was released by Brunswick Records. On September 14th, the tune became the most popular record in the U.S. It was the first hit for Holly and his group after two previous releases went nowhere on Decca Records in 1956.
May 28 10 2:51 PM
Born in Arcalo, Illinois, John ("Johnny") Barton Gruelle was raised largely in Indianapolis, and the Midwest appears to have had a great impact on his imagination.
As the creator of Raggedy Ann and Andy, John Barton Gruelle contributed two unique figures to the history of children's literature who have made names for themselves throughout the world. More than ten million copies of Raggedy Ann and Andy books have been sold up to the present. In addition, the Raggedy Ann and Andy adventures have been adapted for comic strips, movie screen, and television, and, as stuffed dolls, they are household figures in a large percentage of American homes. Ironically, the success of his fictional characters and their immortality have brought him little fame. John Gruelles' name as author and illustrator of the books about these famous dolls is scarcely known, and he has been neglected by scholars and critics, who apparently refuse to take notice of him in the annals of children's literature.John Barton ("Johnny") Gruelle (1880-1938), the son of a painter, grew up in Indianapolis, Indiana. He first worked as a newspaper cartoonist for several papers, illustrating stories as well as drawing cartoons. He won first prize in 1910 in a comic drawing contest sponsored by the New York Herald with the adventures of an elf named Mr. Twee Deedle. His full-color cartoon was syndicated as a full-page feature. Gruelle wrote and illustrated children's stories for popular magazines as well, and in 1914 he produced his first book commission, an illustrated Grimm's fairy tales.
The Gruelles had a daughter, Marcella, who was devoted to an old rag doll that had belonged to Johnny's mother. The doll's face had faded so Johnny drew it a new one with black eyes and a triangular shaped nose. Marcella dressed it in clothes made from the family's discarded garments. Resurrected from the attic, and with a new painted face and a new name, Marcella and Johnny named the doll "Raggedy Ann" after the poems of James Whitcomb Riley "The Raggedy Man" and Orphan Annie." This first Raggedy Ann was Marcella's companion after receiving a contaminated smallpox vaccination at school. While she was ill she could only be comforted by the Raggedy Ann stories. She died on November 8th, 1916 in her father's arms, when she was only 13 years old. Gruelle put the Raggedy Ann stories into print in his daughter's memory.
In 1915, Gruelle applied for a patent on Raggedy Ann. The family made a dozen prototype dolls, although accounts differ as to whether the impetus for Raggedy Ann's manufacture came from Gruelle or the P.F. Volland Company of Chicago, with whom he had the book contract. In any event, the dolls and stories were simultaneously produced and were instantly successful. In the time-honored tradition of little brothers, Raggedy Andy came along two years later. Raggedy Andy never acquired the central status of his sister, but remained a secondary character.
Several factors account for Raggedy Ann's great popularity. The dolls, which included an entire cast of other characters—the Scotsman Uncle Clem, Beloved Belindy, Percy the Policeman—were kept at the forefront of consumer consciousness by the large number of books written by their prolific author (a sequel every year and sometimes two). The Raggedy series, while never enjoying great critical acclaim, was very appealing to its young audience. Gruelle's soft line drawings and full-page, color illustrations fill every alternate page of the books. His talents as a cartoonist were well employed in the difficult task of imbuing dolls, whose faces never change, with a full range of expression and attitude. The narratives—romping adventures out of sight of the "real for sure folks," usually involving peril and a cheerful resolution—are set in an innocent and somewhat dated world, but Gruelle had real insights into the way children think. He uses repetition and naming devices consistent with children's language patterns. He fills his stories with little tiny things, child-sized things, good things to eat, playing games, and (nice) secrets. He creates, in other words, an entire, internally consistent, vicarious world.
Finally, Raggedy Ann and her coterie were easily accessible. Raggedy was not a high-priced porcelain doll with an equally exclusive wardrobe, but a rag doll with a homespun quality that was deliberately preserved despite changes in manufacturers. She could even be made at home, beginning in the 1940s when McCall's Pattern Company marketed an authorized pattern to reproduce Raggedy Ann and Andy.
No discussion of Raggedy Ann would be complete without revealing her secret. She wears stamped over her heart the words "I Love You." And that came about when she fell into a bucket of paint and had to be restuffed by the painter's mother, who sewed into her chest a candy heart with the motto "I Love You" on it. Raggedy Ann was a household presence for the greater part of the twentieth century.Johnny Gruelle's gifts as an author and illustrator produced a classic American character.P.F. Volland, a juvenile publisher in Chicago, became publishers of the Raggedy books, and they suggested since the books were about a doll, that Gruelle should make the doll to help sell the books. Gruelle agreed, and the whole family became involved: two grandmothers, an aunt & Uncle, Johnny's wife and two sons all worked together and made the dolls at home. The Volland Company made the doll with a cardboard heart that you could feel. Gruelle patented Raggedy Ann's brother Andy in time for the release of the Raggedy books. The first Raggedy books appeared in 1918, now Patricia Hall writes books about the Raggedy Ann phenomenon. She thinks the dolls represent wholesomeness and friendship.
1982 - The legendary train, Orient Express, made popular through Agatha Christie’s thrilling mystery novel, Murder on the Orient Express, was reborn. The 26-hour train trip resumed across the European continent after a long respite.
1985 - Gay Mullins, a retiree from Seattle, WA, founded Old Cola Drinkers of America. This was an effort to bring back the original Coca-Cola, instead of the New Coke that the Atlanta-based company had foisted on the American cola-drinking market. By July of 1985, with arms firmly twisted behind their backs, Coca-Cola Company executives relented and returned the old formula to colaholics and with a new name: Classic Coke.
The Dodge Motor Car Company had been purchased several years earlier from the widows of John and Horace Dodge, the two founders, by Clarence Dillon’s banking firm for $148 million.
The merger of Chrysler and Dodge, the largest automobile industry merger in history at the time, placed the newly consolidated firm third in production and sales, just behind General Motors and Ford Motor Company. Twenty years later to the day, Chrysler Corporation granted its employees a 13 cents an hour wage increase, ending a 17-day strike. The increase was two-cents higher than the raise given to General Motors’ employees three days earlier. GM workers’ base pay was increased to $1.61 per hour and was tied to a cost-of-living formula. Chrysler workers received a flat $1.63 per hour with no ties. $1.61 or $1.63 per hour with or without cost-of-living ties was a lot of money in 1948.
Walter Chrysler had died eight years earlier. We’re pretty sure he would have been amazed at what it cost to make a car then ... and what Chryslers and other cars are selling for today. We are.
1966 - Percy Sledge hit number one with his first -- and what turned out to be his biggest -- hit. When a Man Loves a Woman would stay at the top of the pop music charts for two weeks. It was the singer’s only hit to make the top ten and was a million seller. 1971 - Paul McCartney releases his 2nd solo album "Ram"1975 - The Doobie Brothers went gold with the album, Stampede. The group, formed in San Jose, CA, recorded 16 charted hits. Two made it to number one, becoming million-selling, gold record winners: Black Water [March, 1975] and What a Fool Believes [April, 1979].
1977 - The song "Barracuda" was released by Heart. 1983 - "Ricky" by Weird Al Yankovic hits #631987 - Whitney Houston released her album "Whitney." 1998 - Elton John and Bernie Taupin won an Ivor Novello Award for their re-written version of "Candle in the Wind '97." CHART TOPPERS1948Nature Boy - Nat King ColeNow is the Hour - Bing CrosbyBaby Face - The Art Mooney OrchestraTexarkana Baby - Eddy Arnold
1956Heartbreak Hotel/I Was the One - Elvis PresleyThe Wayward Wind - Gogi GrantThe Happy Whistler - Don RobertsonBlue Suede Shoes - Carl Perkins
1964My Guy - Mary WellsLove Me Do - The BeatlesChapel of Love - The Dixie CupsMy Heart Skips a Beat - Buck Owens
1972Oh Girl - Chi-LitesI’ll Take You There - The Staple SingersLook What You Done for Me - Al Green(Lost Her Love) On Our Last Date - Conway Twitty
1980Call Me - BlondieFunkytown - Lipps, Inc.Don’t Fall in Love with a Dreamer - Kenny Rogers with Kim CarnesStarting Over Again - Dolly Parton
1988One More Try - George MichaelShattered Dreams - Johnny Hates JazzNaughty Girls (Need Love Too) - Samantha FoxEighteen Wheels and a Dozen Roses - Kathy Mattea
May 29 10 2:26 PM
On This Day May 29
1453 - Constantinople fell to Ottoman Sultan Mehmed II, ending the Byzantine Empire.
1660 - Charles II was restored to the English throne after the Puritan Commonwealth.
1721 - South Carolina was formally incorporated as a royal colony.
1765 - Patrick Henry denounced the Stamp Act before Virginia's House of Burgesses.
1790 - Rhode Island became the last of the original thirteen colonies to ratify the U.S. Constitution.
1827 - The first nautical school opened in Nantucket, MA, under the name Admiral Sir Isaac Coffin’s Lancasterian School.
Wisconsin 1848 - The land of lakes and large expanses of green gave name to Wisconsin, the 30th state to enter the United States of America. (Wisconsin, is thought to be the Chippewa Indian word for "grassy place".) The wood violet is the state flower, the robin is the state bird and Madison is the capital city. All this is quite elementary. However, Wisconsin’s nickname is the Badger State, but it is not named after the little animal, as you might have thought. It seems that the many lead miners in the Wisconsin grass lands in the 1830s were called -- badgers. .
1910 - An airplane raced a train from Albany, NY, to New York City. The airplane pilot Glenn Curtiss won the $10,000 prize. 1911 - The first running of the Indianapolis 500 took place. 1912 - Fifteen women were dismissed from their jobs at the Curtis Publishing Company in Philadelphia, PA, for dancing the Turkey Trot while on the job.
1916 - The official flag of the president of the United States was adopted. 1916 - U.S. forces invaded Dominican Republic and remained until 1924.
1922 - Ecuador became independent.
1932 - World War I veterans began arriving in Washington, DC. to demand cash bonuses they were not scheduled to receive for another 13 years. 1939 - "When a Girl Marries" was first heard on CBS. The serial continued for eighteen years on radio.
1943 - "The Million Dollar Band" "The Million Dollar Band" was heard for the first time on NBC radio.
1951 - C.F. Blair became the first man to fly over the North Pole in single engine plane. 1953 - Edmund Hillary and Sherpa Tenzing Norgay became first men to reach the top of Mount Everest.
1965 - Ralph Boston set a world record in the broad jump at 27-feet, 4-3/4 inches, at a meet held in Modesto, CA. 1968 - Truth in Lending Act signed into law 1969 - Britain's Trans-Arctic expedition makes 1st crossing of Arctic Sea ice
1973 - Tom Bradley was elected the first black mayor of Los Angeles. 1974 - U.S. President Nixon agreed to turn over 1,200 pages of edited Watergate transcripts. 1977 - NBC News and Information Service (24 hour news) ends on radio1977 - Janet Guthrie becomes 1st woman to drive in Indy 500 1978 - In the U.S., postage stamps were raised from 13 cents to 15 cents.1979 - Radio's 1st rock network "Source" premieres
1980 - J Turners "Juliet and Her Nurse" sold for $6,400,000 in New York City 1981 - The U.S. performed a nuclear test at the Nevada Test Site. 1985 - Thirty-nine people were killed and 400 were injured in a riot at a European Cup soccer match in Brussels, Belgium. 1986 - Colonel Oliver North told National Security Advisor William McFarlane that profits from weapons sold to Iran were being diverted to the Contras. 1988 - U.S. President Reagan began his first visit to the Soviet Union in Moscow.
1990 - Boris Yeltsin was elected president of the Russian republic by the Russian parliament.
1994 - Great comet-iceball seen above North sea 1995 - The last 3 bodies were recovered from the Alfred P. Murrah Federal Building in Oklahoma City.
1997 - The ruling party in Indonesia, Golkar, won the Parliament election by a record margin. There was a boycott movement and rioting that killed 200 people.
1999 - Space shuttle Discovery completed the first docking with the International Space Station.
2000 - Fiji's military took control of the nation and declared martial law following a coup attempt by indigenous Fijians in mid-May.
2001 - In New York, four followers of Osama bin Laden were convicted of a global conspiracy to murder Americans. The crimes included the 1998 bombings of two U.S. embassies in Africa that killed 224 people.
1849 - A patent for lifting vessels was granted to Abraham Lincoln.
1922 - The U.S. Supreme Court ruled that organized baseball was a sport, not subject to antitrust laws.
1957 - New York City Mayor Robert Wagner says he plans to confer with the Giants and Dodgers about the proposed move to the west coast
1962 - Buck (John) O’Neil became the first black coach in major league baseball when he accepted the job with the Chicago Cubs. 1965 - Phillies Dick Allen hits 529' home run out of Connie Mack Stadium
1976 - Only home run of Joe Niekro's 22-year career, comes off brother Phil
1984 - Boston Red Sox retires #9 (Ted Williams) and #4 (Joe Cronin)
1989 - Phillies 3rd baseman Mike Schmidt, 39, retires
1990 - Mets replace manager Davey Johnson with Buddy Harrelson 1990 - New York Mets fire manager Davey Johnson and hire Bud Harrelson 1990 - Rickey Henderson steals record 893rd base, breaking Ty Cobb's record
1992 - White Sox Tim Raines swipes his 700th career base 1992 - New York Mets score in 9th to end home shut-out streak at 3 games
1993 - Texas Ranger Jose Canseco pitches 8th inning in 15-1 loss to Red Sox, he gives up 3 runs on 2 hits and 3 walks, he damages his arm
1966 - Carol Mann wins LPGA Baton Rouge Ladies Golf Invitational
1972 - Sandra Palmer wins LPGA Titleholders Golf Championship 1977 - Sue Press is 1st woman golfer to hit consecutive holes-in one 1977 - Sandra Spuzich wins LPGA Lady Keystone Golf Open 1978 - Nancy Lopez wins LPGA Golden Lights Golf Championship
1983 - Patty Sheehan wins LPGA Corning Golf Classic 1988 - Sherri Turner wins LPGA Corning Golf Classic
1994 - Beth Daniel wins LPGA Corning Golf Classic
2001 - The U.S. Supreme Court ruled that disabled golfer Casey Martin could use a cart to ride in tournaments.
Plays, Operas and Musical Premiers and Events
1980 - "Billy Bishop Goes to War" opens at Morosco Theater New York City for 12 performances
1991 - Les Miserables," opens at ACTEA Theatre, Auckland New Zealand Motion Picture Events
1960 - Sophia Loren Sophia Loren has called in Scotland Yard after a million dollars of Jewels had been stolen which included Diamonds, Rubies and emeralds. She is in England shooting the film version of George Bernard Shaws "The Millionaires"
1996 - Christopher Reeve / Superman It has been confirmed that Christopher Reeve suffered a neck injury on the weekend when thrown from a horse , but it is unknown at this stage if it will be permanent, Christopher Reeve is best known as the actor who plays Superman
1962 - Barbra Streisand appears on "Garry Moore Show"
1980 - "Dallas" Who Shot JR The guessing game continues over who shot JR in the hit television series "Dallas" with speculation including Dusty, Sue Ellen and just about anybody in the show. But viewers will have to wait for the fall before the cliff hanger is resolved as the cast and CBS are giving nothing away,
1988 - NBC aired "To Heal A Nation," the story of Jan Scruggs' effort to build the Vietnam Veterans Memorial.
1942 - Bing Crosby / White Christmas The biggest selling record of all time was recorded. A little out of season, perhaps, but "White Christmas", the Irving Berlin classic, was recorded by Bing Crosby for Decca Records. The song was written for the film "Holiday Inn". More than 30-million copies of Crosby’s most famous hit song have been sold and a total of nearly 70-million copies, including all versions of the standard, have been sold.
1960 - Everly Brothers "Cathy's Clown" hits #1
1961 - Ricky Nelson reached the top spot on the "Billboard" singles chart with "Travelin’ Man". It was was Nelson’s second chart-topping hit. "Poor Little Fool" made it to the top in August of 1958.
1971 - Court Room by Clarence Carter hits #61 1972 - The Osmonds received a gold record for the album, "Phase III1976 - "One Piece At A Time" by Johnny Cash hits #29
1982 - "I Know What Boys Like," by The Waitresses hits #62
Chart Toppers - May 29 1949Riders in the Sky - Vaughn MonroeAgain - Doris DaySome Enchanted Evening - Perry ComoLovesick Blues - Hank Williams
1957All Shook Up - Elvis PresleyLove Letters in the Sand - Pat BooneA White Sport Coat (And a Pink Carnation) - Marty RobbinsFour Walls - Jim Reeves
1965Help Me, Rhonda - The Beach BoysBack in My Arms Again - The SupremesWooly Bully - Sam The Sham and The PharoahsGirl on the Billboard - Del Reeves
1973Frankenstein - The Edgar Winter GroupMy Love - Paul McCartney & WingsDaniel - Elton JohnSatin Sheets - Jeanne Pruett
1981Bette Davis Eyes - Kim CarnesBeing with You - Smokey RobinsonStars on 45 medley - Stars on 45Seven Year Ache - Rosanne Cash
1989Forever Your Girl - Paula AbdulRock On - Michael DamianSoldier of Love - Donny OsmondAfter All This Time - Rodney Crowellkittencaboudle
May 30 10 8:50 PM
At a young age she began to hear voices—those of St. Michael, St. Catherine, and St. Margaret. When she was about 16, the voices exhorted her to bear aid to the dauphin, later King Charles VII, then kept from the throne by the English in the Hundred Years War. Joan won the aid of Robert de Baudricourt, captain of the dauphin's forces in Vaucouleurs, in obtaining an interview with the dauphin. She made the journey in male attire, with six companions. Meeting the dauphin at Chinon castle, she conquered his skepticism as to her divine mission. She was examined by theologians at Poitiers, and afterward she was furnished with troops by Charles.
Her leadership provided spirit and morale more than military prowess. In May, 1429, she succeeded in raising the siege of Orléans, and in June she took other English posts on the Loire and defeated the English at Patay. After considerable persuasion the dauphin agreed to be crowned at Reims; Joan stood near him at his coronation. This was the pinnacle of her fortunes.In Sept., 1429, Joan unsuccessfully besieged Paris. The following spring she went to relieve Compiègne, but she was captured by the Burgundians and sold to the English, who were eager to destroy her influence by putting her to death. Charles VII made no attempt to secure her freedom. In order to escape responsibility, the English turned her over to the ecclesiastical court at Rouen. She was tried for heresy and witchcraft before Pierre Cauchon and other French clerics who supported the English.
Probably her most serious crime was the claim of direct inspiration from God; in the eyes of the court this refusal to accept the church hierarchy constituted heresy. Throughout the lengthy trial and imprisonment she bravely fought her inquisitors. Only at the end of the trial, when Joan was sentenced to be turned over to a secular court, did she recant. She was condemned to life imprisonment. Shortly afterward, however, she retracted her abjuration, was turned over to the secular court as a relapsed heretic, and was burned at the stake (May 30, 1431) in Rouen. Charles VII made tardy recognition of her services by a rehabilitation trial in 1456 that annulled the proceedings of the original trial.
Joan was beatified in 1909 and canonized in 1920 (feast: May 30). Her career lent itself to numerous legends, and she has been represented in many paintings and statues. In literature and music she appears notably, though not always accurately, in works by many eminent writers and composers.Joan of Arc has remained an important figure in Western culture. From Napoleon to the present, French politicians of all leanings have invoked her memory.
An unhealthy and painful device designed to narrow an adult women's waist to 13, 12, 11 and even 10 or less inches, the invention of the corset is attributed to Catherine de Médicis, wife of King Henri II of France. She enforced a ban on thick waists at court attendance's (1550's) and started over 350 years of whalebones, steel rods and midriff torture.
Mary Phelps Jacob's new undergarment complimented the new fashions introduced at the time and demands from friends and family were high for the new brassiere. On November 3, 1914, a U.S. patent for the "Backless Brassiere" was issued.
1985 - ABC-TV announced that every game of the Octoberfest known as the World Series would be played under the lights for the biggest baseball audience possible.
1922 - ‘Smilin’ Ed McConnell debuted on radio, smiling and playing his banjo. McConnell quickly became a legend in the medium. 1962 - Benny Goodman led the first American jazz band to play in the Soviet Union. 1964 - Beatles' "Love Me Do" single goes #1 1964 - Beatles 1961 record of "Cry for a Shadow" is #1 in Australia 1968 - The Beatles began recording the "White Album." 1972 - Roxy Music played their first major date at England's Great Western Express Festival. 1978 - Led Zeppelin began recording "In Through the Out Door." 1989 - Prince released the single "Batdance." 1989 - Bobby Brown released "On Our Own." 1975 - Wings release "Venus & Mars" album 1975 - Alice Cooper received a gold record for the romantic album, "Welcome to My Nightmare". Alice’s real name was Vincent Furnier. He changed his name to Alice Cooper in 1966 and was known primarily for his bizarre stage antics. He appeared in the film "Prince of Darkness" in 1987 and had 11 hits on the pop/rock charts in the 1970s and 1980s, including a pair of million-selling singles: "I Never Cry" and "Poison". Romantic, indeed...
1975 - On "Midnight Special," Joan Baez welcome Kool & the Gang into the studio. 1980 - On "Midnight Special," the Temptations hosted. The guests were Firefall and Robbie Dupree. Chart Toppers - May 30 1950My Foolish Heart - The Gordon Jenkins Orchestra (vocal: Eileen Wilson)Bewitched - The Bill Snyder OrchestraIt Isn’t Fair - The Sammy Kaye Orchestra (vocal: Don Cornell)Birmingham Bounce - Red Foley1958All I Have to Do is Dream - The Everly BrothersReturn to Me - Dean MartinDo You Want to Dance - Bobby FreemanJust Married - Marty Robbins1966When a Man Loves a Woman - Percy SledgeA Groovy Kind of Love - The MindbendersPaint It, Black - The Rolling StonesDistant Drums - Jim Reeves1974The Streak - Ray StevensDancing Machine - The Jackson 5The Show Must Go On - Three Dog NightNo Charge - Melba Montgomery1982Ebony and Ivory - Paul McCartney with Stevie WonderDon’t Talk to Strangers - Rick SpringfieldI’ve Never Been to Me - CharleneJust to Satisfy You - Waylon & Willie1990Vogue - MadonnaAll I Wanna Do is Make Love to You - HeartHold On - Wilson PhillipsWalkin’ Away - Clint Black
May 31 10 6:25 PM
1279 BC - Rameses II (The Great) (19th dynasty) becomes pharaoh of Ancient Egypt. 70 - Rome captures 1st wall of the city of Jerusalem1223 - Mongol invasion of the Cumans: Battle of the Kalka River - Mongol armies of Genghis Khan lead by Subutai defeat Kievan Rus and Cumans.1417 - Jacoba van Bavarian becomes countess of Holland/Zealand/Henegouwen1495 - Emperor Maximilian, Pope Alexander VI, Milan, King Ferdinand, Isabella & Venice sign anti-French Saint League1531 - "Women's Revolt" in Amsterdam: wool house in churchyard aborted1578 - Martin Frobisher sails from Harwich, England to Frobisher Bay, Canada, eventually to mine fool's gold, used to pave streets in London.1634 - US colony Massachusetts Bay annexes Maine colony1659 - Netherlands, England & France sign Treaty of The Hague1665 - Jerusalem's rabbi Sjabtai Tswi proclaims himself Messiah1669 - Citing poor eyesight, Samuel Pepys records the last event in his diary.1678 - Lady Godiva rode naked through Coventry in a protest of taxes1759 - The Province of Pennsylvania bans all theater productions.1790 - US copyright law enacted1821 - Cathedral of Assumption of Blessed Virgin Mary, 1st US Catholic cathedral, is dedicated in Baltimore1837 - Astor Hotel opens in NYC, it later becomes the Waldorf-Astoria1847 - Rotterdam-Hague Railway opens1849 - Last edition of Orange sheet "Journal de La Haye"1853 - Elisha Kane's Arctic expedition leaves NY aboard Advance1859 - Big Ben Big Ben rings out over the Houses of Parliament in Westminster, London, England for the first time. 1861 - Mint at New Orleans closes1868 - 1st Memorial Day parade held in Ironton, Ohio1870 - Congress passes 1st Enforcement Act (rights of blacks)1878 - German battleship Grosser Kurfurst sinks, 284 killed1878 - US Congress accept decrease in dollar circulation1879 - 1st electric railway opens at Berlin Trades Exposition1879 - Madison Square Garden opens1880 - League of American Wheelmen (1st US bicycle assn), forms in Newport RI1889 - Dam Break Johnstown, Pennsylvania A dam breaks at a lake above Johnstown, Pennsylvania causing a tidal wave, over twenty feet in height, to sweep over Johnstown, PA eight miles below, sweeping everything before the avalanche of water including houses, factories, and bridges. The death toll is estimated to be in the thousands as there was very little warning for residents. 1891 - Work on trans-Siberian railway begins1893 - Whitcomb Judson, Chicago, patents a hookless fastening (zipper)1899 - Bronx acquires Keltch Memorial Park1900 - Tom Hayward scores 1,000th cricket run of season (sets record 1074)1902 - Australia Cricket all out 36 v England, Edgbaston, their lowest ever1907 - Taxis 1st began running in NYC1908 - Miss Pottelsberghe de la Pottery is 1st airplane passenger (Belgium)1909 - 1st NAACP conference (United Charities Building, NYC)1910 - Glenn Curtiss flies from Albany to NYC1910 - Union of South Africa declares independence from UK1911 - R.M.S. Titanic launched.1913 - 17th amendment (direct election of senators) declared ratified1913 - Alexis Ahlgren runs world record maraton (2:36:06.6)1914 - Chic White Sox Joe Benz no-hits Cleve Indians, 6-11915 - An LZ-38 Zeppelin makes an air raid on London1919 - 1st wedding held in an aircraft (over Houston, Texas)1919 - NC-4 aircraft commanded by AC Read completes 1st crossing of Atlantic1926 - Sesquicentennial Exposition opens in Philadelphia1927 - Ford Motor Company produces last "Tin Lizzie" (begins Model A)1928 - 1st aerial cross of Pacific takes off from Oakland1928 - Charlie Hallows scores his 1,000th run of Cricket season1929 - Atlantic City Convention Center opens1929 - The first reindeer to be born in the United States were born on this day in North Beverly, MA. And you thought reindeer were only born at the North Pole... 1930 - Bradman gets his 1,000th run of the English Cricket season1930 - Building begins on Albert Canal in Belgium1930 - Comet 73P/1930 (Schwassmann-Wachmann 3) approaches 0.0617 AUs of Earth1931 - 7.1 magnitude Earthquake destroys Quetta in modern-day Pakistan: 40,000 dead.1935 - Quake kills 50,000 in Quetta Pakistan1937 - 1st quadruplets to finish college (Baylor University)1938 - Bill Edrich scores his 1,000th run of cricket season, all at Lord's1940 - Gen-major Bernard Montgomery leaves Duinkerken1940 - Premier Winston Churchill flies to Paris to meet with Marshal August Pétain who announces he is willing to make a separate peace with Germany1941 - 1st issue of "Parade" goes on sale1941 - 41 U boats sunk this month (325,000 ton)1941 - British troops vacate Kreta1943 - "Archie" comic strip 1st broadcast on radio1947 - 79th Belmont: Ruperto Donoso aboard Phalanx wins in 2:29.61947 - Eastern DC-4 crashes between Ft Deposit & Perryville Md, kills 531950 - Laker takes 14-12-2-8 in Test Cricket trial1953 - Lebanese president Camille Shamun disbands government1953 - WSUN TV channel 38 in St Petersburg-Tampa, FL (IND) 1st broadcast1955 - Construction begins on Soviet cosmodrome launch facilities1955 - Great Britain proclaims emergency crisis due to railroad strike1955 - Supreme Court orders school integration "with all deliberate speed"1957 - Great Britain performs nuclear test at Christmas Island (atmospheric)1958 - US performs nuclear test at Bikini Island (atmospheric tests)1961 - Benfica wins 6th Europe Cup 1 at Bern1961 - Chuck Berry's amusement park, Berryland in St Louis, opens1961 - Union of South Africa becomes a republic, leaves Commonwealth1962 - The West Indies Federation dissolves.1964 - Charles Schmid kills first Pied Piper victim1965 - Jim Clark becomes 1st foreigner in 49 years to win Indy1967 - Bayern Munchen wins 7th Europe Cup II at Neurenberg1970 - At 03:23 PM, Yungay Peru levelled by 7.75 earthquake (50-70,000 die)1970 - KDUB TV channel 40 in Dubuque, IA (ABC) begins broadcasting1971 - WDXR (now WKPD) TV channel 29 in Paducah, KY (PBS) begins broadcasting1972 - Ajax wins Europe Cup 1 in Rotterdam1973 - Glenn Turner scores his 1,000th cricket run of English season1974 - Israel & Syria sign an agreement concerning Golan Heights1974 - USSR performs nuclear test at Eastern Kazakh/Semipalitinsk USSR1975 - Fred Newman makes 12,874 baskets in a one-day exhibition1976 - Loudest PA (76 KW) for Who's Quadrophenia in London1977 - Hamad bin Khalifa Al Thani becomes heir apparent to throne of Qatar1977 - Trans Alaska oil pipeline completed1983 - 37th NBA Championship: Phila 76ers sweep LA Lakers in 4 games1984 - 57th National Spelling Bee: Daniel Greenblatt wins spelling luge1984 - US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site1984 - Viv Richards hits 189* (170 balls) v England, ODI cricket record1985 - Guatemala adopts constitution1985 - New Orleans Saints are sold for $70,204,0001985 - Tornados in Penn, Ohio, NY & Canada kill 88 & injured more than 1,0001985 - 1985 United States-Canadian tornado outbreak: Forty-one tornadoes hit Ohio, Pennsylvania, New York, and Ontario, leaving 76 dead.1985 - Methylenedioxymethamphetamine (MDMA) became a Schedule I drug in the United States.1987 - Stanley Cup: Edmonton Oilers beat Phila Flyers, 4 games to 31989 - "Rambling with Gambling" 20,000th radio program on WOR-AM (NYC)1989 - Speaker of House Jim Wright resigns1990 - 63rd National Spelling Bee: Amy Marie Dimak wins spelling fibranne1990 - BPAA US Women's Bowling Open won by Dana Miller-Mackie1990 - NYC's Zodiac killer shoots 3rd victim, Joseph Ponce1991 - Oldest bride - Minnie Munro, 102, weds Dudley Reid, 83, in Australia1995 - Bob Dole singled out Time Warner for "the marketing of evil" in movies and music. Dole later admitted that he had not seen or heard much of what he had been criticizing. 1996 - Mark Van Thillo & Abigail Alling, former biospherian win $100,000 lawsuit against Biospheric Development for Space Biospheres Ventures1997 - Donovan Bailey beats Michael Johnson in 150m race1997 - The Confederation Bridge opens, linking Prince Edward Island with mainland New Brunswick.2005 - Watergate Mole Goes Public The former member of the FBI "W. Mark Felt" stepped forward as "Deep Throat," the secret Washington Post source who worked with reporters Bob Woodward and Carl Bernstein that helped bring down President Richard M. Nixon during the Watergate scandal.2008 - Usain Bolt breaks the world record in the 100m sprint, with a wind-legal (+1.7m/s) 9.72 seconds.
Asphalt is America’s most recycled material. Reclaimed asphalt is not just reusable as a "black rock" – the asphalt cement in the reclaimed pavement is reactivated to become an integral part of the new pavement. The recycled asphalt cement replaces part of the new asphalt cement required for the pavement, reducing costs for road agencies. Recycling is just one reason that asphalt is the most sustainable pavement. Asphalt pavements that are designed and constructed as Perpetual Pavements never need to be removed and replaced. They are permanent structures. The only maintenance needed is infrequent (every 20-25 years) replacement of the surface – and the material that is removed is recycled.
1859 - Phila A's organize to play "town ball" became baseball 20 years later1921 - Suffy McInnis (1st base) begins an errorless string of 1,7001927 - Tiger 1st baseman Johnny Neun makes an unassisted triple play1935 - Babe Ruth grounds out in his final at bat1937 - Bkln Dodgers snap NY Giant Carl Hubbell's 24-game winning streak1943 - Cards Mort Cooper pitches 1st of back-to-back one-hitters1948 - Tommy Lasorda strikes out 25 Amsterdam Rugmakers (in 15 innings)1949 - Charley Lupica begins stay on 4 foot square platform atop a 60' pole, vowing to stay until Indians clinch pennant. (They don't, & stays 117 days)1956 - Mickey Mantle HR just misses clearing Yankee Stadium's roof1964 - SF Giants beat NY Mets, 8-6, in 23 innings (2nd game) (7 hrs 32 mins)1994 - Padres scores 13 in 2nd vs Pirates2002 - The New Jersey Nets defeat the Boston Celtics 96-88 in Game 6 of the NBA's Eastern Conference Championship, winning the series 4 games to 2 to advance to their first NBA Finals appearance.Golf Events1942 - 25th PGA Championship: Sam Snead at Seaview CC Atlantic City NJ1949 - 31st PGA Championship: Sam Snead at Hermitage CC Richmond VA1959 - Mickey Wright wins LPGA Cavalier Golf Open1964 - Ruth Jessen wins LPGA Babe Didrikson-Zaharias Golf Open1970 - Shirley Englehorn wins LPGA O'Sullivan Ladies' Golf Open1981 - Cathy Reynolds wins LPGA Golden Lights Golf Championship1987 - Cindy Rarick wins LPGA Corning Golf Classic1987 - Saul Ballesteros drives 3 golf balls off Mt McKinley, Alaska1992 - Barb Mucha wins LPGA Oldsmobile Golf Classic
1977 - "Beatlemania" opens at Winter Garden Theater NYC for 920 performances1979 - "I Remember Mama" opens at Majestic Theater NYC for 108 performances1979 - Radio City Music Hall (NYC) reopens1982 - "Best Little Whorehouse in Tx" opens at Eugene O'Neill NYC for 63 perfTV Events1962 - "Tell It To Groucho" last airs on CBS-TV1964 - The Dave Clark Five appeared on "The Ed Sullivan Show" for the first of 11 appearances. 1990 - A little summer replacement TV show named "Seinfeld" debuted. It ran only through July, but the ‘show about nothing’ returned in January 1991 to become a full-blown smash, running through May 14, 1998. The sitcom’s original cast, Jason Alexander as George, Julia Louis-Dreyfus as Elaine, Michael Richards as (Cosmo) Kramer and, of course, Jerry Seinfeld as himself, became part of Americana, with millions of viewers discussing the show at work, and quoting the funny lines. Seinfeld stills lives in rerun form, with classics such as: "The Contest" (about “you know”), "The Pick" (Elaine and her revealing Christmas card), "The Junior Mint" (Jerry and the woman whose name rhymes with a female body part & Kramer’s operating-room accident), "The Puffy Shirt", "The Soup Nazi" and the trip to India, where the show’s sequence runs backwards ("The Betrayal"), yadda yadda yadda. Not that there’s anything wrong with that. 1992 - 46th Tony Awards: Dancing at Lughnasa & Crazy For You win1992 - 5th Children's Miracle Network Telethon raises $1,060,0001999 - VH1's "Behind the Music" began airing nightly. The premier show was "The Red Hot Chili Peppers: Behind the Music." Music Events 1917 - The first jazz record, "Dark Town Strutters' Ball," was released. 1941 - The first issue of "Parade: The Weekly Picture Newspaper" went on sale. 1956 - Buddy Holly was inspired to write "That'll Be the Day" after he saw the John Wayne movie "The Searchers." 1958 - Dick Dale invents "surf music" with "Let's Go Trippin"1969 - "Gitarzan" by Ray Stevens peaks at #81969 - John Lennon & Yoko Ono record "Give Peace a Chance"1969 - Stevie Wonder releases "My Cherie Amore"1969 - The Rolling Stones recorded "Honky Tonk Women." 1969 - Stevie Wonder’s "My Cherie Amour" was released by Tamla Records. The song made it to number four on the pop music charts on July 26 and stayed on the nation’s radios for eleven weeks. Trivia: "My Cherie Amour" was not the original title of the song. Wonder had named the song, "Oh My Marcia", for a former girlfriend. Of course, singing it back with the original tune, one could see that "Oh My Marcia" doesn’t quite fit as well as "My Cherie Amour". This is Casey in Hollywood. Now back to the countdown... 1974 - William DeVaughn, a soul singer, songwriter and guitarist from Washington, DC, received a gold record for his only hit, "Be Thankful for What You Got". The tune made it to number four on the pop music charts (6/29/74). Ever hear the phrase, “Don’t give up the day job?” This was quite applicable to DeVaughn, who was never heard musically again. His day job was working for the federal government. 1975 - The Eagles released "One Of These Nights." 1976 - Ear doctors didn’t have to drum up business this day. There were plenty of walk-ins as The Who put out a total of 76,000 watts of power at 120 decibels. They played the loudest concert anyone had ever heard, making it into "The Guinness Book of World Records".
Jun 1 10 7:39 PM
Jun 2 10 2:40 PM
Gehrig accumulated 1,995 runs batted in (RBI) in seventeen seasons, with a career batting average of .340, on-base percentage of .447, and slugging percentage of .632. Three of the top six RBI seasons in baseball history belong to Gehrig. He was selected to each of the first seven All-Star games (though he did not play in the 1939 game, as he retired one week before it was held), and he won the American League's Most Valuable Player award in 1927 and 1936. He was also a Triple Crown winner in 1934, leading the American League in batting average, home runs, and RBIs.
Gehrig was elected to the Baseball Hall of Fame in 1939. In 1969 he was voted the greatest first baseman of all time by the Baseball Writers' Association , and was the leading vote-getter on the Major League Baseball All-Century Team, chosen by fans in 1999.Gehrig first garnered national attention for his baseball ability while playing in a game at Cubs Park (now Wrigley Field) on June 26, 1920. Gehrig's New York School of Commerce team was playing a team from Chicago's Lane Tech High School, in front of a crowd of more than 10,000 spectators. With his team winning 8-6 in the top of the ninth inning, Gehrig hit a grand slam completely out of the major league park, an unheard-of feat for a 17-year old.Lou Gehrig went to PS 132 in the Washington Heights section of Manhattan, then to Commerce High School, graduating in 1921. Gehrig then studied at Columbia University for two years, although he did not graduate. While attending Columbia, he was a member of Phi Delta Theta fraternity. Initially, Gehrig could not play intercollegiate baseball for the Columbia Lions because he had played baseball for a summer professional league during his freshman year. At the time, he was unaware that doing so jeopardized his eligibility to play any collegiate sport. Gehrig was ruled eligible to play on the Lions' football team and was a standout fullback. He later gained baseball eligibility and joined the Lions on that squad as well.
On April 18, 1923, the same day that Yankee Stadium opened for the first time and Babe Ruth inaugurated the new stadium with a home run, Columbia pitcher Gehrig struck out seventeen Williams College batters to set a team record; however, Columbia lost the game. Only a handful of collegians were at South Field that day, but more significant was the presence of Yankee scout Paul Krichell, who had been trailing Gehrig for some time. It was not Gehrig’s pitching that particularly impressed him; rather, it was Gehrig’s powerful left-handed hitting. During the time Krichell had been observing the young Columbia ballplayer, Gehrig had hit some of the longest home runs ever seen on various Eastern campuses, including a 450-foot (137 m) home run on April 28 at Columbia's South Field which landed at 116th Street and Broadway. Within two months, Gehrig had signed a Yankee contract.Gehrig joined the New York Yankees midway through the 1923 season and made his debut on June 15, 1923, as a pinch hitter. In his first two seasons, he saw limited playing time, mostly as a pinch hitter — he played in only 23 games and was not on the Yankees' 1923 World Series roster. In 1925, he batted .295, with 20 home runs and 68 runs batted in (RBIs).The twenty-three year old Yankee first baseman's breakout season came in 1926, when he batted .313 with 47 doubles, an American League leading 20 triples, 16 home runs, and 112 RBIs. In the 1926 World Series against the St. Louis Cardinals, Gehrig hit .348 with two doubles and 4 RBIs. The Cardinals won a seven-game series, winning four games to three.
In 1927, Gehrig put up one of the greatest seasons by any batter in history, hitting .373, with 218 hits: 52 doubles, 18 triples, 47 home runs, a then-record 175 runs batted in (surpassing teammate Babe Ruth's 171 six years earlier), and a .765 slugging percentage. His 117 extra-base hits that season are second all-time to Babe Ruth’s 119 extra base hits in 1921 and his 447 total bases are third all-time, after Babe Ruth's 457 total bases in 1921 and Rogers Hornsby's 450 in 1922. Gehrig's production helped the 1927 Yankees to a 110-44 record, the AL pennant, and a four-game sweep of the Pittsburgh Pirates in the 1927 World Series. Although the AL recognized his season by naming him league MVP, it was overshadowed by Babe Ruth’s 60 home run season and the overall dominance of the 1927 Yankees, a team often cited as having the greatest lineup of all time — the famed Murderers' Row.
Despite playing in the shadow of the larger-than-life Ruth for two-thirds of his career, Gehrig was one of the highest run producers in baseball history: he had 509 RBIs during a three-season stretch (1930–32). Only two other players, Jimmie Foxx with 507 and Hank Greenberg with 503, have surpassed 500 RBIs in any three seasons; their totals were non-consecutive. (Babe Ruth had 498.) Playing fourteen complete seasons, Gehrig had thirteen consecutive seasons with 100 or more RBIs (a major league record he shares with Foxx). Gehrig had six seasons where he batted .350 or better (with a high of .379 in 1930), plus a seventh season at .349. He had seven seasons with 150 or more RBIs, 11 seasons with over 100 walks, eight seasons with 200 or more hits, and five seasons with more than 40 home runs. Gehrig led the American League in runs scored four times, home runs three times, and RBIs five times. His 184 RBIs in 1931 remain the American League record as of 2009 and rank second all-time to Hack Wilson's 191 RBIs in 1930. On the single-season RBI list, Gehrig ranks second, fifth (175) and sixth (174), with four additional seasons over 150 RBI. He also holds the baseball record for most seasons with 400 total bases or more, accomplishing this feat five times in his career. He batted fourth in the lineup to Ruth's third in the order, making it impractical to give up an intentional walk to Ruth.
During the ten seasons (1925–1934) in which Gehrig and Ruth were both Yankees and played a majority of the games, Gehrig had more home runs than Ruth only once, in 1934, when he hit 49 compared to Ruth’s 22 (Ruth played 125 games that year). They tied at 46 in 1931. Ruth had 424 home runs compared to Gehrig’s 347. However, Gehrig outpaced Ruth in RBI, 1,436 to 1,316. Gehrig had a .343 batting average, compared to .338 for Ruth.In 1932, Gehrig became the first player of the twentieth century to hit four home runs in a game, accomplishing the feat on June 3 against the Philadelphia Athletics. He narrowly missed getting a fifth home run in the game when Athletics center fielder Al Simmons made a leaping catch of another fly ball at the center field fence. After the game, manager Joe McCarthy told him, "Well, Lou, nobody can take today away from you." On the same day, however, John McGraw announced his retirement after thirty years of managing the New York Giants. McGraw, not Gehrig, got the main headlines in the sports sections the next day. The following year, in September 1933, Gehrig married Eleanor Twitchell, the daughter of Chicago Parks Commissioner Frank Twitchell.
In a 1936 World Series cover story about Lou Gehrig and Carl Hubbell, Time magazine proclaimed Gehrig "the game's No. 1 batsman", who "takes boyish pride in banging a baseball as far, and running around the bases as quickly, as possible".
On June 1, 1925, Gehrig entered the game as a pinch hitter, substituting for shortstop Paul "Pee Wee" Wanninger. The next day, June 2, Yankee manager Miller Huggins started Gehrig in place of regular first baseman Wally Pipp. Pipp was in a slump, as were the Yankees as a team, so Huggins made several lineup changes to boost their performance. Fourteen years later, Gehrig had played 2,130 consecutive games. In a few instances, Gehrig managed to keep the streak intact through pinch hitting appearances and fortuitous timing; in others, the streak continued despite injuries. For example:
In addition, X-rays taken late in his life disclosed that Gehrig had sustained several fractures during his playing career, although he remained in the lineup despite those previously undisclosed injuries. On the other hand, the streak was helped when Yankees general manager Ed Barrow postponed a game as a rainout on a day when Gehrig was sick with the flu—even though it was not raining.
Gehrig's record of 2,130 consecutive games played stood until September 6, 1995, when Baltimore Orioles shortstop Cal Ripken, Jr. broke it.At the midpoint of the 1938 season, Gehrig's performance began to diminish. At the end of that season, he said, "I tired mid season. I don't know why, but I just couldn't get going again." Although his final 1938 statistics were above average (.295 batting average, 114 RBI, 170 hits, .523 slugging percentage, 689 plate appearances with only 75 strikeouts, and 29 home runs), they were significantly down from his 1937 season, in which he batted .351 and slugged .643. In the 1938 World Series, he had four hits in fourteen at-bats, all singles.
When the Yankees began their 1939 spring training in St. Petersburg, Florida, it was obvious that Gehrig no longer possessed his once-formidable power. Even Gehrig's base running was affected, and at one point he collapsed at Al Lang Field, then the Yankees' spring training park in St. Petersburg,FL. By the end of spring training, Gehrig had not hit a home run. Throughout his career, Gehrig was considered an excellent baserunner, but as the 1939 season got under way, his coordination and speed had deteriorated significacantly.
By the end of April, his statistics were the worst of his career, with one RBI and a .143 batting average. Fans and the press openly speculated on Gehrig's abrupt decline.
He was indeed meeting the ball, with only one strikeout in 28 at-bats; however, Joe McCarthy found himself resisting pressure from Yankee management to switch Gehrig to a part-time role. Things came to a head when Gehrig had to struggle to make a routine put-out at first base. The pitcher, Johnny Murphy, had to wait for Gehrig to drag himself over to the bag so he could field the throw. Murphy said, "Nice play, Lou."
On April 30, Gehrig went hitless against the Washington Senators. Gehrig had just played his 2,130th consecutive major league game.
On May 2, the next game after a day off, Gehrig approached McCarthy before the game against the Tigers and said, "I'm benching myself, Joe", telling the Yankees' skipper that he was doing so "for the good of the team". McCarthy acquiesced, putting Ellsworth "Babe" Dahlgren in at first base, and also said that whenever Gehrig wanted to play again, the position was his. Gehrig himself took the lineup card out to the shocked umpires before the game, ending the fourteen-year streak. Before the game began, the Briggs Stadium announcer told the fans, "Ladies and gentlemen, this is the first time Lou Gehrig's name will not appear on the Yankee lineup in 2,130 consecutive games." The Detroit Tigers' fans gave Gehrig a standing ovation while he sat on the bench with tears in his eyes. A wire service photograph of Gehrig reclining against the dugout steps with a stoic expression appeared the next day in the nation's newspapers. Other than his retirement ceremony, it is the most-reproduced and best-remembered visual image of Gehrig.Gehrig stayed with the Yankees as team captain for a few more weeks, but never played again.As Lou Gehrig's debilitation became steadily worse (he stumbled over curbs, fumbled with the baseball, and even slipped and fell while running bases), his wife Eleanor called the famed Mayo Clinic in Rochester, Minnesota. Her call was transferred to Dr. Charles William Mayo, who had been following Gehrig's career and his mysterious loss of strength. Dr. Mayo told Eleanor to bring Gehrig as soon as possible.
Eleanor and Gehrig flew to Rochester from Chicago, where the Yankees were playing at the time, arriving at the Mayo Clinic on June 13, 1939. After six days of extensive testing at Mayo Clinic, the diagnosis of amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) was confirmed on June 19, Gehrig's 36th birthday. The prognosis was grim: rapidly increasing paralysis, difficulty in swallowing and speaking, and a life expectancy of fewer than three years, although there would be no impairment of mental functions. Eleanor Gehrig was told that the cause of ALS was unknown but it was painless, non-contagious and cruel — the motor function of the central nervous system is destroyed but the mind remains fully aware to the end.
At Eleanor's request, the Mayo doctors intentionally withheld his grim prognosis from Gehrig. The bad news is lateral sclerosis, in our language chronic infantile paralysis. There isn't any cure... there are very few of these cases. It is probably caused by some germ...Never heard of transmitting it to mates... There is a 50-50 chance of keeping me as I am. I may need a cane in 10 or 15 years. Playing is out of the question...Following Gehrig's visit to the Mayo Clinic, he briefly rejoined the Yankees in Washington, D.C. As his train pulled into Union Station, he was greeted by a group of Boy Scouts, happily waving and wishing him luck. Gehrig waved back, but he leaned forward to his companion, a reporter, and said, "They're wishing me luck — and I'm dying."On June 21, the New York Yankees announced Gehrig's retirement and proclaimed July 4, 1939, "Lou Gehrig Appreciation Day" at Yankee Stadium. Between games of the Independence Day doubleheader against the Washington Senators, the poignant ceremonies were held on the diamond. In its coverage the following day, The New York Times said it was "Perhaps as colorful and dramatic a pageant as ever was enacted on a baseball field [as] 61,808 fans thundered a hail and farewell". Dignitaries extolled the dying slugger and the members of the 1927 Yankees World Championship team, known as "Murderer's Row", attended the ceremonies. New York Mayor Fiorello La Guardia called Gehrig "the greatest prototype of good sportsmanship and citizenship" and Postmaster General James Farley concluded his speech by predicting, "For generations to come, boys who play baseball will point with pride to your record."
Yankees Manager Joe McCarthy, struggling to control his emotions, then spoke of Lou Gehrig, with whom there was a close, almost father and son-like bond. After describing Gehrig as "the finest example of a ballplayer, sportsman, and citizen that baseball has ever known", McCarthy could stand it no longer. Turning tearfully to Gehrig, the manager said, "Lou, what else can I say except that it was a sad day in the life of everybody who knew you when you came into my hotel room that day in Detroit and told me you were quitting as a ballplayer because you felt yourself a hindrance to the team. My God, man, you were never that."
The Yankees retired Gehrig's uniform number "4", making him the first player in Major League Baseball history to be accorded that honor. Gehrig was given many gifts, commemorative plaques, and trophies. Some came from VIPs; others came from the stadium's groundskeepers and janitorial staff. Footage of the ceremonies shows Gehrig being handed various gifts, and immediately setting them down on the ground, because he no longer had the arm strength to hold them. The Yankees gave him a silver trophy with their signatures engraved on it. Inscribed on the front was a special poem written by The New York Times writer John Kieran. The trophy cost only about $5, but it became one of Gehrig's most prized possessions. It is currently on display at the National Baseball Hall of Fame and Museum.After the presentations and remarks by Babe Ruth, Gehrig addressed the crowd:
So I close in saying that I might have been given a bad break, but I've Fans, for the past two weeks you have been reading about the bad break I got. Yet today I consider myself the luckiest man on the face of theLook at these grand men. Which of you wouldn’t consider it the highlight of his career just to associate with them for even one day? Sure, I’m lucky. Who wouldn’t consider it an honor to have known Jacob Ruppert? Also, the builder of baseball’s greatest empire, Ed Barrow? To have spent six years with that wonderful little fellow, Miller Huggins? Then to have spent the next nine years with that outstanding leader, that smart student of psychology, the best manager in baseball today, Joe McCarthy? Sure, I'm lucky.When the New York Giants, a team you would give your right arm to beat, and vice versa, sends you a gift — that’s something. When everybody down to the groundskeepers and those boys in white coats remember you with trophies — that’s something. When you have a wonderful mother-in-law who takes sides with you in squabbles with her own daughter — that's something. When you have a father and a mother who work all their lives so that you can have an education and build your body — it's a blessing. When you have a wife who has been a tower of strength and shown more courage than you dreamed existed — that's the finest I know.So I close in saying that I might have been given a bad break, but I've got an awful lot to live for. Thank you. — Lou Gehrig at Yankee Stadium, July 4, 1939
The crowd stood and applauded for almost two minutes. Gehrig was visibly shaken as he stepped away from the microphone, and wiped the tears away from his face with his handkerchief. Babe Ruth came over and hugged him as a band played "I Love You Truly" and the crowd chanted "We love you, Lou." The New York Times account the following day called it "one of the most touching scenes ever witnessed on a ball field", that made even hard-boiled reporters "swallow hard."
"Don't think I am depressed or pessimistic about my condition at present," Lou Gehrig wrote following his retirement from baseball. Struggling against his ever-worsening physical condition, he added, "I intend to hold on as long as possible and then if the inevitable comes, I will accept it philosophically and hope for the best. That's all we can do."
"Don't think I am depressed or pessimistic about my condition at present," Lou Gehrig wrote following his retirement from baseball. Struggling against his ever-worsening physical condition, he added, "I intend to hold on as long as possible and then if the inevitable comes, I will accept it philosophically and hope for the best. That's all we can do."
In October 1939, he accepted Mayor LaGuardia's appointment to a ten-year term as a New York City Parole Commissioner and was sworn into office on January 2, 1940 The Parole Commission commended the ex-ballplayer for his "firm belief in parole, properly administered", stating that Gehrig "indicated he accepted the parole post because it represented an opportunity for public service. He had rejected other job offers – including lucrative speaking and guest appearance opportunities – worth far more financially than the $5,700 a year commissionership." Gehrig visited New York City's correctional facilities, but insisted that the visits not be covered by news media. Gehrig, as always, quietly and efficiently performed his duties. He was often helped by his wife Eleanor, who would guide his hand when he had to sign official documents. About a month before his death, when Gehrig reached the point where his deteriorating physical condition made it impossible for him to continue in the job, he quietly resigned.In December 1939, Lou Gehrig was elected unanimously to the National Baseball Hall of Fame and Museum in a special election by the Baseball Writers Association, waiving the waiting period normally required after a ballplayer's retirement. At age 36, he was the youngest player to be so honored.Sixty years after his farewell to baseball, Gehrig received the most votes of any baseball player on the Major League Baseball All-Century Team, chosen by fan balloting in 1999.On June 2, 1941, at 10:10 p.m., sixteen years to the day after he replaced Wally Pipp at first base and two years after his retirement from baseball, Lou Gehrig died at his home at 5204 Delafield Avenue, in the Riverdale section of the Bronx, New York.
Upon hearing the news, Babe Ruth and his wife Claire went to the Gehrig house to console Eleanor. Mayor LaGuardia ordered flags in New York to be flown at half-staff, and Major League ballparks around the nation did likewise.
Following the funeral at Christ Episcopal Church of Riverdale, Gehrig's remains were cremated and interred on June 4 at Kensico Cemetery in Valhalla, New York. Lou Gehrig and Ed Barrow are both interred in the same section of Kensico Cemetery, which is next door to Gate of Heaven Cemetery, where the graves of Babe Ruth and Billy Martin are located.Eleanor Gehrig never remarried following her husband's passing, dedicating the rest of her life to supporting ALS research. She died on March 6, 1984, on her 80th birthday. They had no children.
The Yankees dedicated a monument to Gehrig in center field at Yankee Stadium on July 6, 1941, the shrine lauding him as, "A man, a gentleman and a great ballplayer whose amazing record of 2,130 consecutive games should stand for all time." Gehrig's monument joined the one placed there in 1932 to Miller Huggins, which would eventually be followed by Babe Ruth's in 1949.
Gehrig's birthplace in Manhattan, at 1994 Second Avenue (near E. 103rd Street), is memorialized with a plaque marking the site, as is another early residence on E. 94th Street (near Second Avenue). The Gehrigs' white house at 5204 Delafield Avenue in the Riverdale section of the Bronx, where Lou Gehrig died, still stands today on the east side of the Henry Hudson Parkway and is likewise marked by a plaque.
A Lou Gehrig 25-cent USA Postage Stamp was issued by the U.S. Postal Service on the 50th anniversary of his retirement from baseball, depicting him both in profile and at bat (Scott number 2417)
1964 - The original cast album of "Hello Dolly!" went gold -- having sold a million copies. It was quite a feat for a Broadway musical.
1967 - The Beatles’ album, Sgt. Pepper’s Lonely Hearts Club Band, was released in the U.S. (on Capitol) this day -- one day after its release in the U.K. (on Parlophone). The world is still humming and singing along and tapping fingers and toes to the likes of "A Day in the Life", "Lucy in the Sky with Diamonds", "With a Little Help From My Friends", "When I'm Sixty-Four", "She’s Leaving Home", the title song and several others. It had taken the Fab Four only 12 hours to record their first album, "Please, Please Me". It took the supergroup 700 hours to complete "Sgt. Pepper’s".
1985 - The Huck Finn-based musical "Big River" earned seven Tony Awards in New York City at the 39th annual awards presentation.
Jun 3 10 4:37 PM
"Casey at the Bat", subtitled "A Ballad of the Republic Sung in the Year 1888", is a baseball poem written in 1888 by Ernest Thayer. First published in the San Francisco Examiner on June 3, 1888, it was later popularized by DeWolf Hopper in many vaudeville performances.
In the poem, a baseball team from the fictional town of Mudville (implied to be the home team) is losing by two runs with two outs in their last at bats, but they think they can win "if only" they could somehow get "mighty Casey" up to bat. Two weak hitters manage to get on base, and Casey comes to bat with the tying run in scoring position. The beloved Casey, Mudville's star player, is so confident in his abilities that he doesn't swing at the first two pitches, both strikes. On the last pitch, the overconfident Casey strikes out, ending the game and sending the crowd home unhappy.This is the complete poem as it originally appeared in The San Francisco Examiner, with commentary. After publication, multiple versions with minor changes were produced. The text without commentary is available at the Wikisource link elsewhere in this article.
A rivalry of sorts has developed between two cities claiming to be the Mudville described in the poem.
Residents of Holliston, Massachusetts, where there is a neighborhood called Mudville, claim it as the Mudville described in the poem. Thayer grew up in nearby Worcester, Massachusetts, where he wrote the poem in 1888; his family owned a woolen mill less than a mile from Mudville's baseball field.
However, residents of Stockton, California--which was known for a time as Mudville prior to incorporation in 1850—also lay claim to being the inspiration for the poem. In 1887, Thayer covered baseball for the San Francisco Examiner--owned by his Harvard classmate William Randolph Hearst--and is said to have covered the local California League team, the Stockton Ports. For the 1902 season, after the poem became popular, Stockton's team was renamed the Mudville Nine. The team reverted to the Mudville Nine moniker for the 2000 and 2001 seasons. The Visalia Rawhide, another California League team, currently keep Mudville alive by playing in Mudville jerseys on June 3 each year.
Despite the towns' rival claims, Thayer himself told the Syracuse Post-Standard that "the poem has no basis in fact."
Residents of Marshalltown, Iowa (home of Hall of Famer Cap Anson) often refer to their town as Mudville, though possibly for reasons of irreverence having little to do with Anson's former residency.
The Visalia Rawhide of the Class 'A' professional California League, keep alive the legend of Mudville and Casey at the Bat by donning the old-time Mudville Uniforms and playing a game each year as the Mudville Nine. The Rawhide carry Mudville Nine caps and merchandise at their team store and website.
For a relatively short poem apparently dashed off quickly (and denied by its author for years), "Casey at the Bat" had a profound effect on American popular culture. It has been recited, re-enacted, adapted, dissected, parodied and subjected to just about every other treatment one could imagine.
A month after the poem was published, it was reprinted as "Kelly at the Bat" in the New York Sporting Times.
Aside from leaving off the first five stanzas, the only changes from the original are substitutions of Kelly for Casey, and Boston for Mudville. Mike "King" Kelly, then of the Boston Beaneaters, was one of baseball's two biggest stars at the time (along with Cap Anson).
In 1897, "Current Literature" noted the two versions and said, "The locality, as originally given, is Mudville, not Boston; the latter was substituted to give the poem local color."
DeWolf Hopper gave the poem's first stage recitation on August 14, 1888, at New York's Wallack Theatre as part of the comic opera Prince Methusalem in the presence of the Chicago and New York baseball teams, the White Stockings and the Giants; August 14, 1888 was also Thayer's 25th birthday. Hopper became known as an orator of the poem, and recited it more than 10,000 times (by his count—some tabulations are as much as four times higher) before his death.
On stage in the early 1890s, baseball star Kelly recited the original "Casey" a few dozen times and not the parody. For example, in a review of a variety show he was in, in 1893, the Indianapolis News said, "Many who attended the performance had heard of Kelly's singing and his reciting, and many had heard De Wolf Hopper recite 'Casey at the Bat' in his inimitable way. Kelly recited this in a sing-song, school-boy fashion." Upon Kelly's death, a writer would say he gained “considerable notoriety by his ludicrous rendition of 'Casey at the Bat,' with which he concluded his `turn’ [act] at each performance.”
During the 1980s, the magic/comedy team Penn & Teller performed a version of "Casey at the Bat" with Teller (the "silent" partner) struggling to escape a straitjacket while suspended upside-down over a platform of sharp steel spikes. The set-up was that if Penn Jillette reached the end of the poem before Teller's escape, he would leap off of his chair, releasing the rope which supported Teller, and send his partner to a gruesome death. The drama of the performance was taken up a notch after the third or fourth stanza, when Penn Jillette would read out the rest of the poem much faster than the opening stanzas, greatly reducing the time that Teller had left to work free from his bonds.
On July 4, 2008 Jack Williams recited the poem accompanied by the Boston Pops during the annual Boston Pops Fireworks Spectacular at Boston's 4th of July Celebration.
1946 - Mutual Radio debuted "The Casebook of Gregory Hood". The show was the summer replacement series for "Sherlock Holmes". The mystery series became a regular weekly program in the fall of 1946.
1964 - "The Hollywood Palace" on ABC-TV hosted the first appearance of the first U.S. concert tour of The Rolling Stones. Dean Martin emceed the show. One critic called the Stones “dirtier and streakier and more disheveled than The Beatles.”
1978 - Johnny Mathis and Deniece Williams combined their singing talents to reach the number one spot on the nation’s pop music charts with "Too Much, Too Little, Too Late". Chart Toppers - June 3 1946The Gypsy - The Ink SpotsAll Through the Day - Perry ComoThey Say It’s Wonderful - Frank SinatraNew Spanish Two Step - Bob Wills1954Little Things Mean a Lot - Kitty KallenThree Coins in the Fountain - The Four AcesThe Happy Wanderer - Frank WeirI Really Don’t Want to Know - Eddy Arnold1962I Can’t Stop Loving You - Ray CharlesLovers Who Wander - DionShout! Shout! (Knock Yourself Out) - Ernie MarescaShe Thinks I Still Care - George Jones1970Everything is Beautiful - Ray StevensLove on a Two-Way Street - The MomentsCecilia - Simon & GarfunkelMy Love - Sonny James1978Too Much, Too Little, Too Late - Johnny Mathis/Deniece WilliamsYou’re the One that I Want - John Travolta & Olivia Newton-JohnShadow Dancing - Andy GibbDo You Know You are My Sunshine - The Statler Brothers1986Greatest Love of All - Whitney HoustonLive to Tell - MadonnaOn My Own - Patti LaBelle & Michael McDonaldWhoever’s in New England - Reba McEntire
Jun 4 10 5:15 PM
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Jun 4 10 10:57 PM
1939 - The first shopping cart was introduced by Sylvan Goldman in Oklahoma City, OK. It was actually a folding chair that had been mounted on wheels. Kitten Some body way back then had to much time on their hands. Things like that is why I like to read this board when I get the chance. Even if I can't remember it a few days later. Keep up the good work Kitten.Dusty
Jun 5 10 3:03 PM
The balloon flight was a success even though the physics was not well understood by the brothers. They believed that smoke provided the lift for the light fabric balloon. Thus, the balloon was filled by smoke from a fire of straw, humidified wool and even of old shoes! The more dense the smoke, the better, they thought. Only later was it realized that it was the hot air provided by the fire that mattered, not the smoke.
For a second test, a new balloon of 1,400 cubic metre was built. The demonstration took place in Paris in the presence of King Louis XVI on 19 September 1783. Three passengers - a cock, a duck and a sheep - were used as guinea-pigs in order to test the effect of high altitude on live creatures. The king was not impressed by the stench of the dense smoke, but this flight, too, proved to be a great success. The balloon rose to a height of 500 metres and traversed three kilometers. With the successful demonstration at Versailles, and again in collaboration with Réveillon, Etienne started construction of a 60,000-cubic-foot (1,700 m3) balloon for the purpose of making flights with humans. The balloon was about seventy-five feet tall and about fifty feet in diameter. It had rich decorative touches supplied by Reveillon. The color scheme was gold figures on a deep blue background. Fleur-de-lis and signs of the zodiac, suns with Louis XVI face in the center interlaced with the royal monogram in the central section graced the majestic machine. Red and blue drapery and golden eagles were at the base of the balloon. It is fitting that Etienne Montgolfier was the first human to lift off the earth, making at least one tethered flight from the yard of the Reveillon workshop in the Faubourg Saint-Antoine. It was most likely on October 15th, 1783. A little while later on that same day, Pilatre de Rozier became the second to ascend into the air, to an altitude of 80 feet, which was the length of the tether. On 21 November 1783 the first free flight by humans was made by Pilâtre, together with an army officer, the marquis d'Arlandes. The flight began from the grounds of the Château de la Muette (close to the Bois de Boulogne (park)) in the western outskirts of Paris. They flew aloft about 3,000 feet (910 m) above Paris for a distance of nine kilometres. After 25 minutes the machine landed between the windmills, outside the city ramparts, on the Butte-aux-Cailles. Enough fuel remained on board at the end of the flight to have allowed the balloon to fly four to five times as far. However, burning embers from the fire were scorching the balloon fabric and had to be daubed out with sponges. As it appeared it could destroy the balloon, Pilâtre took off his coat to stop the fire.
The early flights made a sensation. Numerous engravings commemorated the events. Chairs were designed with balloon backs, and mantel clocks were produced in enamel and gilt-bronze replicas set with a dial in the balloon. One could buy crockery decorated with naive pictures of balloons.
In 1766, the British scientist Henry Cavendish had discovered hydrogen, by adding sulphuric acid to iron, tin, or zinc shavings. The development of gas balloons proceeded almost in parallel with the work of the Montgolfiers. This work was led by Jacques Charles and Les Frères Robert (Anne-Jean Robert, and Nicolas-Louis Robert). On the 27th of August 1783, Le Globe a hydrogen balloon was launched from the Champ de Mars in Paris. Six thousand people paid for a seat. On December 1, Jacques Charles and Nicolas-Louis Robert flew La Charlière, the first manned hydrogen balloon for 2 hour 5 minutes and covered 36 km. Jacques Charles immediately flew again, alone, and ascended to 3,000 metres.
Work on each type of balloon was spurred on by the knowledge that there was a competing group and alternative technology. For a variety of reasons, including the fact that the French government chose to put a proponent of hydrogen in charge of balloon development, hot air balloons were superseded by hydrogen balloons. Hydrogen balloons became the predominant technology for the next 180 years.
Hydrogen balloons were used for all major ballooning accomplishments such as the crossing of the English Channel on 7 January 1785, by the tireless aviators Jean-Pierre Blanchard and Dr. John Jeffries, from Boston.Some claim that the hot air balloon was invented some 74 years earlier by the Brazilian Portuguese priest Bartolomeu de Gusmão. A description of his invention was published in 1709, in Vienna, and another one that was lost was found in the Vatican (circa 1917). However, this claim is not generally recognized by aviation historians outside the Portuguese speaking community, in particular the FAI.
The purpose of this tax is to discourage and ruin, if possible, an industry which evidently has grown into some importance, or congress would not be asked to deal with it
1942 - Sammy Kaye and his orchestra recorded the classic "I Left My Heart at the Stage Door Canteen" for Victor Records.
1972 - Maureen McGovern quit her job as a full-time secretary for a new career as a full-time singer. Maureen was part of a trio before recording as a solo artist in July, 1973. Her first song, "The Morning After", from the movie, "The Poseidon Adventure", was a million-seller. She also sang the theme, "Different Worlds", from ABC-TV’s "Angie", and "Can You Read My Mind" from the movie, "Superman". Ms. McGovern starred in "Pirates of Penzance" for 14 months on Broadway.
Jun 5 10 10:23 PM
Jun 5 10 10:42 PM
Margarine had first been created in France (1870)In 1877, the state of New York passed a law to tax on There is another one I was surprised about. For some reason I thought that came around it the 50's-60's. Maybe that is when they started advertising so much or I started to notice? Yup leave it to the easterners only took 7 years from the discovery to figuring how to tax it.LOL Dusty
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