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Jan 31 10 11:03 AM
Pearl Zane Gray was born January 31, 1872 in Zanesville, Ohio.Grey's first story, A Day on the Delaware, was published in 1902. It dealt with a day spent fishing on the Delaware River with his brother Romer. He was paid only ten dollars, but was so proud that he gave copies of the story to his patients. Grey completed his first novel, Betty Zane, during the winter of 1902-1903. Dolly, his wife, corrected the manuscript and rewrote it in longhand.
Grey became one of the first millionaire authors. With veracity and emotional intensity, he connected with his millions of readers worldwide, during peacetime and war, and inspired many Western writers who followed him. Zane Grey was a major force in shaping the myths of the Old West and he helped transition the written Western into other media. He was the author of over 90 books, some published posthumously and/or based on serials originally published in magazines. His total book sales exceed 40 million.
He not only wrote Westerns, but he also authored two hunting books, six children’s books, two baseball books, and eight fishing books. Many of them became bestsellers. It is estimated that he wrote over nine million words in his career. From 1917–1926, Grey was in the top ten best-seller list nine times, which required sales of over 100,000 copies each time. Even after his death, Harper had a stockpile of manuscripts and continued to publish a new title each year until 1963. During the 1940’s and afterwards, paperback sales of Grey’s books exploded.
Erle Stanley Gardner, prolific author of mystery novels and the Perry Mason series, said of Grey, he:
“had the knack of tying his characters into the land, and the land into the story. There were other Eastern writers who had fast and furious action, but Zane Grey was the one who could make the action not only convincing but inevitable, and somehow you got the impression that the bigness of the country generated a bigness of character.”
Grey started his association with Hollywood when William Fox bought the rights to Riders of the Purple Sage for $2,500 in 1916. The ascending arc of Grey’s career matched that of the motion picture industry. It eagerly adapted Western stories to the screen practically from its inception, with Bronco Billy Anderson becoming the first major western star. Legendary director John Ford was then a young stage hand and William S. Hart, who had been a real cowhand, was defining the persona of the film cowboy. The Grey family moved to California to be closer to the film industry and to enable Grey to fish in the Pacific.
After his first two books were adapted to the screen, Grey formed his own motion picture company. This allowed him to control production values and faithfulness to his books. After seven films he sold his company to Jesse Lasky, who was a partner of the founder of Paramount Pictures. Paramount made a number of movies based on Grey's writings and hired him as advisor. Many of his films were shot at locations described in his books.
Grey became disenchanted by the commercial exploitation and pirating of his works. He felt his stories and characters were diluted by being adapted to film. Nearly fifty of his novels were converted into over one hundred Western movies, the most by any Western author. Shortly after Grey's death, the success of Fritz Lang's Western Union (1941), a film based on one of his books, helped bring about a resurgence in Hollywood westerns. Its costars were Randolph Scott and Robert Young. The period of the 1940s and 1950s included the great works of John Ford, who successfully used the settings of Grey’s novels in Arizona and Utah.
The success of Grey's The Lone Star Ranger (a novel later turned into a 1930 film) and King of the Royal Mounted (popular as a series of Big Little Books and comics, later turned into a 1936 film), inspired two radio series by George Trendle (WXYZ, Detroit). Later these were adapted again for television, forming the series The Lone Ranger and Challenge of the Yukon (Sgt. Preston of the Yukon on TV). More of Grey's work was featured in adapted form on the Zane Grey Show, which ran on the Mutual Broadcasting System for five months in the 1940s, and the “Zane Grey Western Theatre”, which had a five-year run of 145 episodes.
Many famous actors got their start in films based on Zane Grey books. They included Gary Cooper, Randolph Scott, William Powell, Wallace Beery, Richard Arlen, Buster Crabbe, Shirley Temple, and Fay Wray. Victor Fleming, later director of Gone with the Wind, and Henry Hathaway, who later directed True Grit, both learned their craft on Grey films.
Zane Grey died of heart failure on October 23, 1939 at his home in Altadena, California. He was interred at the Union Cemetery in Lackawaxen, Pennsylvania.
Feb 1 10 9:08 AM
I went to bed and slept as usual, but awoke the next morning in the gray of the early dawn, and to my astonishment found that the wished-for lines were arranging themselves in my brain. I lay quite still until the last verse had completed itself in my thoughts, then hastily arose, saying to myself, I shall lose this if I don't write it down immediately. I searched for an old sheet of paper and an old stub of a pen which I had had the night before, and began to scrawl the lines almost without looking, as I learned to do by often scratching down verses in the darkened room when my little children were sleeping. Having completed this, I lay down again and fell asleep, but not before feeling that something of importance had happened to me.
Mine eyes have seen the glory of the coming of the Lord:He is trampling out the vintage where the grapes of wrath are stored;He hath loosed the fateful lightning of His terrible swift sword:His truth is marching on.
I have seen Him in the watch-fires of a hundred circling camps,They have builded Him an altar in the evening dews and damps;I can read His righteous sentence by the dim and flaring lamps:His day is marching on.
I have read a fiery gospel writ in burnished rows of steel:"As ye deal with my contemners, so with you my grace shall deal;Let the Hero, born of woman, crush the serpent with his heel,Since God is marching on."
He has sounded forth the trumpet that shall never call retreat;He is sifting out the hearts of men before His judgment-seat:Oh, be swift, my soul, to answer Him! be jubilant, my feet!Our God is marching on.
In the beauty of the lilies Christ was born across the sea,With a glory in his bosom that transfigures you and me:As he died to make men holy, let us die to make men free,While God is marching on. by Julia Ward Howe Howe's words later inspired American soldiers during World War II, and civil-rights activists during the sixties. On a trip to Washington in 1861, they went to watch a Union army review which was suddenly dispersed by a Confederate attack. On the way back to the city in their carriage surrounded by retreating troops, the Howe party began to sing patriotic songs, including the popular "John Brown's Body." James Freeman Clarke, one of the party, suggested to Julia that she write new and better lyrics for the tune. At the hotel late that night, the words to "The Battle Hymn of the Republic" began forming in her mind. Careful not to wake the children, she groped in the dark for pencil and paper and wrote the poem. In the morning she made only one or two changes. In February, 1862, The Atlantic published "The Battle Hymn," paying its author $5. Gradually the song caught on until it swept the North. Mrs. John A. Logan, wife of the great Volunteer General, noticed while visiting Richmond, in March, 1868, that the Confederate women decorated the graves of their dead. Upon her return she mentioned this to General Logan, who was Commander-in Chief of the Grand Army of the Republic. He said it was a beautiful custom and worthy of being copied. Thereupon he issued the first order that May 30, 1868, be observed as Decoration Day, and this was so enthusiastically received that Congress made it a National holiday. In 1868 Julia Ward Howe joined Caroline Severance in founding the New England Woman's Club. She also signed the call to the meeting that formed the New England Woman Suffrage Association and served as its president, 1868-77 and 1893-1910. In 1869 she and Lucy Stone led the formation of the American Woman Suffrage Association when its members separated from the National Association of Elizabeth Cady Stanton and Susan B. Anthony. Howe presided over the Massachusetts Suffrage Association, 1870-78 and 1891-93. From its first issue in 1870 she edited and contributed to the Woman's Journal founded by Lucy Stone. In the1870s, during the Franco-Prussian war, Julia felt "the cruel and unnecessary character of the contest. . . . a return to barbarism, the issue having been one which might easily have been settled without bloodshed." She began a one-woman peace crusade that began with an impassioned "appeal to womanhood" to rise against war. She translated her proclamation into several languages and distributed it widely. In 1872 she went to London to promote an international Woman's Peace Congress but was not able to bring it off. Back in Boston, she initiated a Mothers' Peace Day observance on the second Sunday in June and held the meeting for a number of years. Her idea spread but was later replaced by the Mothers' Day holiday now celebrated in May.
During denominational meetings in May, 1875, Julia Ward Howe called together the first convention of women ministers. Among those attending the meeting at Church of the Disciples were Universalist Lorenza Haynes and Unitarians Mary Graves and Eliza Tupper Wilkes. Howe hosted such meetings in coming years, and other conveners succeeded her. During denominational meetings in May, 1875, Julia Ward Howe called together the first convention of women ministers. Before her husband died in 1876, he confessed his marital transgressions, and the tension between them dissolved. Julia's biography of her husband, Memoir of Dr. Samuel Gridley Howe, 1876, is full of praise for his character and achievements
In 1908 Julia Ward Howe was the first woman elected to the American Academy of Arts and Letters. Not long before her death Smith College accorded her an honorary degree. The ceremony included "The Battle Hymn of the Republic," often performed to celebrate her appearances.
During Howe's last years younger women sought her out and interviewed her. Her advice to one visitor was "Study Greek, my dear, it's better than a diamond necklace." On her 91st birthday a reporter asked her for a motto for the women of America. She recommended, "Up to date!"
Julia Ward Howe died on October 17, 1910. Services were held at Church of the Disciples and at Symphony Hall with crowds overflowing both buildings. Maud Howe Elliott wrote, "A long succession of meetings of commemoration were held by her church, her clubs, the many associations she had founded and worked for. So great was the outpouring of love and reverence that it seemed as if her beloved name were writ in fire across the firmament." Howe's letters and journals are in the Houghton Library at Harvard University in Cambridge, Massachusetts.<<<<<<<<<<<<<>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>Other History
The first space shuttle was Columbia, and the first ever shuttle mission took place on April 12, 1981. More recently, because NASA's budget has been cut, along with its workforce, it has been hard for NASA to solve unexpected problems or to improve the shuttle. Despite Columbia's age, plans to replace it were moved from 2006 to 2015 or later because of the budget. Now NASA has decided that they are not building any new space shuttles with the current design. But before the new shuttle is available, the maintenance of the current shuttle is still the priority. The Columbia Accident Investigation Board (CAIB) gave 29 recommendations, 23 technical and 6 organizational, 15 of which the Board specified must be completed before the shuttle returns to flight status. NASA plans to have the next shuttle flight in 2004, no earlier than September 12, 2004.
With the Columbia accident, not only has the nation lost a four-billion-dollar shuttle, seven outstanding astronauts and priceless experimental results, it has also lost confidence in manned space flight and space exploration. It remains to be seen whether internal problems at NASA can be solved, and we can return to an era of pride and confidence in our space program.
1949 - Louis B. Mayer, the Mayer in Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer (MGM), became a millionaire once more. This deal had nothing to do with the movies, though. He sold his breeding farm of race horses for a million dollars.
1904 - Enrico Caruso recorded his first sides for Victor Records. He did ten songs in the session ... for $4,000.
1971 - The soundtrack album from the movie, "Love Story", starring Ryan O’Neal and Ali McGraw, with music by Frances Lai, was certified as a gold record on this day. 1975 - Lisa Marie Presley met her favorite singer, Elton John, for her seventh birthday. The event was arranged by Elvis Presley. 1975 - "Hoppy, Gene & Me" by Roy Rogers peaks at #65 1981 - Wings release "Give Ireland Back to the Irish" in UK 2002 - Kirk Hammett (Metallica) was the first recipient of the annual Hall of Fame Award in "Guitar World" magazine. 2002 - Winona Ryder was charged with four felony counts that stemmed from her shoplifting arrest on December 12, 2001. She was charged with theft, burglary, vandalism and possession of a controlled substance. 2002 - Nick Carter (Backstreet Boys) agreed to enter a counseling program and perform community service in order to get a charge of resisting/opposing a law enforcement officer without violence dropped. Carter had been arrested at a nightclub on January 2, 2002. Chart Toppers - February 1 1944My Heart Tells Me - The Glen Gray Orchestra (vocal: Eugenie Baird)Shoo, Shoo, Baby - The Andrews SistersBesame Mucho - The Jimmy Dorsey Orchestra (vocal: Bob Eberly & Kitty KallenPistol Packin’ Mama - Al Dexter1952Slowpoke - Pee Wee KingCry - Johnnie RayAnytime - Eddie FisherGive Me More, More, More (Of Your Kisses) - Lefty Frizzell1960Running Bear - Johnny PrestonTeen Angel - Mark DinningWhere or When - Dion & The BelmontsEl Paso - Marty Robbins1968Judy in Disguise (With Glasses) - John Fred & His Playboy BandChain of Fools - Aretha FranklinGreen Tambourine - The Lemon PipersSing Me Back Home - Merle Haggard1976Love Rollercoaster - Ohio PlayersLove to Love You Baby - Donna SummerYou Sexy Thing - Hot ChocolateThis Time I’ve Hurt Her More Than She Loves Me - Conway Twitty1984Owner of a Lonely Heart - YesKarma Chameleon - Culture ClubTalking in Your Sleep - The RomanticsThe Sound of Goodbye - Crystal Gayle
Feb 2 10 8:42 AM
Groundhog Day received worldwide attention as a result of the 1993 film of the same name, Groundhog Day, which was set in Punxsutawney and featured Punxsutawney Phil.
"Last Tuesday, the 2nd, was Candlemas day, the day on which, according to the Germans,the Groundhog peeps out of his winter quarters and if he sees his shadow he pops back for another six weeks nap, but if the day be cloudy he remains out, as the weather is to be moderate."
In Scotland the tradition may also derive from an English poem:
As the light grows longerThe cold grows strongerIf Candlemas be fair and brightWinter will have another flightIf Candlemas be cloud and snow Winter will be gone and not come againA farmer should on Candlemas dayHave half his corn and half his hayOn Candlemas day if thorns hang a dropYou can be sure of a good pea crop
As the light grows longerThe cold grows strongerIf Candlemas be fair and brightWinter will have another flightIf Candlemas be cloud and snow Winter will be gone and not come againA farmer should on Candlemas dayHave half his corn and half his hayOn Candlemas day if thorns hang a dropYou can be sure of a good pea crop
This tradition also stems from similar beliefs associated with Candlemas Day and Groundhog Day. Candlemas, also known as the Purification of the Virgin or the Presentation, coincides with the earlier pagan observance Imbolc.
1876 - Baseball’s National League was born. Eight competing baseball teams met in New York City’s Grand Central Hotel. The first president of the new league was Morgan Gardner Bulkeley, who later became a U.S. Senator. The eight original cities with teams were: Boston, Chicago, Cincinnati, New York, Philadelphia, St. Louis, Louisville and Hartford. Two of the original teams are now in the American League (Boston and New York) while Louisville and Hartford are now minor-league baseball towns.
Crown corkIn 1892, the bottle cap with cork seal was patented by William Painter, Baltimore (U.S. No. 468,226). This replaced the time-consuming cork and wire bale way of sealing bottles, and represented a major saving for the bottlers. The cap was used until the 1970s, when cork in soft drink and beer bottle caps was considered unhealthy, so, manufacturers switched to cans and plastic, instead. Currently, caps used on bottles use plastic cap "liners", instead of cork. Ice-cream moldIn 1897, a patent was issued for an ice-cream scoop invented by black American inventor, Alfred L. Cralle of Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania (No. 576,395). His design of an "Ice-cream Mold and Disher" was made to be strong and durable, effective, inexpensive, able to keep ice cream and other foods from sticking and easy to operate with one hand. It could be constructed in almost any desired shape, such as a cone or a mound, with no delicate parts that could break or malfunction. The basic design is so efficient that it is seen still in use today. Polaroid Land camera demonstratedIn 1947, Edwin H. Land gave the first demonstration his invention of instant photography at a meeting of the Optical Society of America. On 28 Nov 1948, his Polaroid Land Camera first went on sale, at a Boston department store. The 40 series, model 95 roll film camera went on sale for $ 89.75. This first model was sold through 1953, and was the first commercially successful self- developing camera system. A sepia-coloured photograph took about one minute to produce. His first commercial success came in 1939 with his invention of Polaroid filters for lenses in products such as ski goggles, sunglasses and slip-on sunglasses for optical glasses. Ethyl gasolineIn 1923, the first sale* was made of anti-knock gasoline containing a tetra-ethyl lead compound. First sold in Dayton, Ohio, this new formulation of ethyl gasoline was the the result of seven years of testing at least 33,000 compounds as additives to influence the combustion rate of the fuel. Previously, on hard acceleration, an engine sometimes made knocking, popping or crackling sounds. Knocking sapped power and could damage the engine. The suitability of tetra-ethyl lead, made from alcohol and lead, was the discovery of Thomas Midgely, Jr., of the General Motors Research Laboratories, located in Dayton. Decades later, the toxicity of the lead present in automobile emissions was recognized, and leaded gasoline is no longer sold. Lie detectorIn 1935, the detective Leonard Keeler conducted the first use of his invention, the Keeler polygraph, or lie detector machine, on this day, in Portage, WI. Those examined were two criminals Cecil Loniello and Tony Grignano, who were convicted of assault at their trial where the results were introduced as evidence.Plays and Operas Premiers1633 - M Rossi's opera "Erminia sul Giordano," premieres in Rome1637 - Zorilla's "El más Impropio Verdugo Para Las," premieres in Madrid1714 - Nicholas Rowe's "tragedy of Jane Shore," premieres in London1731 - Georg F Handel's opera "Poro," premieres in London1762 - Thomas Arnes opera "Artaxerxes," premieres in London1823 - Rossini's opera "Semiramide" premieres in Venice1852 - Alexandre Dumas Jr's "Le Dame aux Camélias," premieres in Paris1900 - Gustave Charpentiers opera "Louise" premieres in Paris1914 - James Royce Shannon's musical "Shameen Dhu," premieres in NYC1927 - Harry Tierney/Joseph McCarthy's "Rio Rita," premieres in NYC1927 - Ziegfeld Theater (Loew's Ziegfeld) opens at 6th Ave & 54th St NYC1933 - Ucicky's "Rotten Morning," premieres in Berlin1944 - Edward Chodorov's "Decision," premieres in NYC1950 - "Arms & the Girl" opens at 46th St Theater NYC for 134 performances1965 - Joe Ortons "Loot," premieres in Brighton1972 - Tom Stoppard's "Jumpers," premieres in London1995 - "Moliere Comedies" opens at Criterion Theater NYC for 56 performancesPlays and Operas Closed1946 - "Nellie Bly" closes at Adelphi Theater NYC after 16 performances1957 - "Candide" closes at Martin Beck Theater NYC after 73 performances1986 - "Jerome Kern Goes to Hollywood" closes at Ritz NYC after 13 perfs1997 - "Men Are From Mars, Women Are From Venus" closes at Gershwin NYCMotion Picture Events1893 - The Edison Studio in West Orange, NJ, made history when they filmed the first motion picture close-up. The studio was owned and operated by Thomas Edison.
1987 - In a poll conducted by "People" magazine, readers selected Katharine Hepburn and Cary Grant as their favorite, all-time acting greats. 1996 - Films making their debut in the U.S.: "The Juror", starring Demi Moore, Alec Baldwin, Joseph Gordon-Levitt and Anne Heche; and "White Squall", with Jeff Bridges, Caroline Goodall, John Savage and Scott Wolf.
2001 - These movies opened in U.S. theatres: "Head Over Heels", with Monica Potter and Freddie Prinze Jr.; and "Valentine", starring David Boreanaz and Denise Richards.
Feb 3 10 10:55 AM
2001 - The XFL (Xtreme Football League) debuted. The league was created by Vince McMahon, mastermind behind the WWF (World Wrestling Federation). What was promoted as “Football the Way It Was Meant to Be Played” soon faded into painful memories for TV viewers and fans. The WWF apparently thought that it could pull in millions of wrestling fans to support the league, but was shocked when it discovered that actual football fans were the major supporters of the XFL, and these football fans were turned off by the wrestling-show influence on the games.
2002 - Super Bowl XXXVI (at New Orleans): New England Patriots 20, St. Louis Rams 17. (The Rams had been a two-touchdown favorite and were trying for their second NFL title in three seasons.) Adam Vinatieri’s 48-yard field goal as time expired won the game after a 53-yard, nine-play drive was engineered by Patriots QB Tom Brady, who was voted the game’s MVP. “This is the perfect example of what happens when guys believe in each other,” said Brady, leader of the team that had been 5-11 the previous year. “The fans of New England have been waiting 42 years for this day,” owner Robert Kraft said. At the start of the season, the Patriots were 50-1 shots to win what was their first title ever (twice before they had lost Super Bowls -- both in the Louisiana Superdome). Tickets: $400.
1950 - Ed, Gene, Joe and Vic, The Ames Brothers, reached the #1 spot on the pop music charts for the first time, as "Rag Mop" became the most favorite song in the U.S. The brothers enjoyed many successes with their recording efforts: "You You You" , "The Man with the Banjo" and "The Naughty Lady of Shady Lane" , "Tammy" and "Melody d’Amour" . Ed Ames had been with the Russ Morgan Band and, after the brothers split in the late 1950s, went on to enjoy a lucrative television and recording career. He recorded "My Cup Runneth Over" and "Who Will Answer", both hits in the 1960s. He also played Mingo on the "Daniel Boone" TV series. Ed is fondly remembered for one of the funniest moments of "The Tonight Show" on NBC when he competed with host Johnny Carson in a hand axe-tossing contest. Mingo won, with hilarious results that are still shown in every celebration of "The Tonight Show".
1971 - Lynn Anderson received a gold record for the single, "Rose Garden". The Grand Forks, ND country singer was raised in Sacramento, CA. In addition to being a singer, she was an accomplished equestrian and California Horse Show Queen in 1966.
Feb 4 10 10:23 AM
An unconfirmed legend states that an Englishman named Radley invented galoshes. He suffered from rheumatism and wanted to keep his feet dry. While reading De Bello Gallico by Julius Caesar he noticed a description of protective cloth overshoes "gallicae" and decided to capitalize on the idea. He patented cloth overshoes reinforced with rubber to keep the feet dry.
There are also records of a black inventor by the name of Alvin Longo Rickman, who received a patent for an overshoe in 1898.
There are two basic types. One is like an oversize shoe or low boot, made of thick rubber with a heavy sole and instep, designed for heavy-duty use. The other is of much thinner, more flexible material, more like a rubber slipper, designed solely for protection against the wet rather than for extensive walking.
In Russia, galoshes have been an indispensable attribute of valenki. In the upper U.S. Midwest, school children know the black rubber, over-the-shoe boot as "four-buckle arctics". In Quebec, they are called "claques". They were also used by the public, in the Ligue Nationale d'Improvisation LNI, to indicate discontent.
As engineers sought a better solution to Chicago's bridge problem, the city entered its experimental phase. A jack-knife bridge that folded back on itself was built in 1891 but was deemed a failure. The first vertical lift bridge, with tall towers at either end controlling counterweights to lift a center span, was completed in 1894. And, in 1895, the Scherzer rolling lift bridge was developed in Chicago, opening at Van Buren Street.
1953 - Dean Martin and Jerry Lewis appeared in the film, "The Stooge", which premiered this day at the Paramount Theatre in New York City. The comedy duo went dramatic in this film -- which had been sitting on the shelves of the Hal Wallis Studios until that time.
2000 - These new films hit U.S. theatres: the comedy "Gun Shy", starring Liam Neeson, Oliver Platt, Sandra Bullock, Jose Zuniga and Richard Schiff; and the funny, scary "Scream 3", with Neve Campbell, Courteney Cox Arquette, David Arquette and Parker Posey.
Feb 5 10 10:24 AM
Robert aka Bobbie Peel was an English statesman who first established the Irish constabulary. The people commonly called this police organization ‘Peelers’ after Mr. Peel.
It was in 1829 that Peel established the Metropolitan Police Force for London based at Scotland Yard. The 1,000 constables employed were affectionately nicknamed 'Bobbies' or, somewhat less affectionately, 'Peelers' (both terms are still used today). Although unpopular at first they proved very successful in cutting crime in London, and by 1857 all cities in the UK were obliged to form their own police forces. Known as the father of modern policing, Robert Peel developed the Peelian Principles which defined the ethical requirements police officers must follow in order to be effective. His most memorable principle was, "the police are the public, and the public are the police."
They have been referred to as Bobbies ever since.
1940 - Amanda of Honeymoon Hill debuted on radio. Joy Hathaway starred as ‘the beauty of flaming red hair’. The program stayed for six years on the NBC radio network.
1999 - These films opened in the U.S.: Payback, with Mel Gibson and Gregg Henry; Rushmore, starring Jason Schwartzman, Olivia Williams, Brian Cox and and Bill Murray; and Simply Irresistible, with Sarah Michelle Gellar and Sean Patrick Flanery.
1928 - Singer Jessica Dragonette was seen on one of the first television shows. She was used only to test the new medium. She didn’t even get to sing. Now, before you start feeling too badly for Jessica, it must be noted that she enjoyed an illustrious radio career. For more, be sure to tune in to Those Were the Days on February 18th...
1969 - For one of the few times in television history, a scheduled series (usually 13 or 26 weeks of shows) turned into a one-night wonder. ABC-TV premiered Turn On, hosted by Tim Conway, a show similar to NBC’s Rowan & Martin’s Laugh-In. TV critics called the show, “offbeat and distasteful.” It never aired again. 1986 - Corazon Aquino & Ferdinand Marcos appear on "Nightline1988 - 1st prime-time wrestling match in 30 years-Andre beats Hulk Hogan 1994 - "Where On Earth Is Carmen San Diego" debuts on Fox TV 1998 - Nancy Kerrigan & Tonya Harding talk on FOX (Taped Dec 22nd)2001 - It was announced the Kelly Ripa would be Regis Philbin's cohost. The show was renamed to "Live! With Regis and Kelly." Music Events1907 - Arnold Schonberg's 1st string quartet premieres in Vienna 1916 - Enrico Caruso recorded "O Solo Mio" for the Victor Talking Machine Co 1940 - Glenn Miller & his Orchestra record "Tuxedo Junction" 1961 - The Shirelles were winding up their first week at #1 on the music charts with Will You Love Me Tomorrow. The song was at the top for two weeks. It was the group’s first #1 tune and the first #1 tune from the pen of a New York Brill Building songwriter who worked right down the hall from Neil Sedaka. She became a huge star in her own right with several #1 singles and albums in the 1970s. Her name: Carole King.
1967 - Due to a Musicians' Union ban, the Rolling Stones were not allowed to play their hit "Let's Spend the Night Together" when they appeared on an ITV show. 1972 - "Another Puff" by Jerry Reed peaks at #65 1977 - "CB Savage" by Rod Hart peaks at #67 1977 - "Dis-Gorilla (part 1)" by Rick Dees peaks at #56 1977 - "In The Mood" by Henhouse 5 Plus Too (Ray Stevens) peaks at #40 1977 - "Turn Loose On My Leg" by Jim Stafford peaks at #98 1977 - "Up Your Nose" by Gabriel Kaplan peaks at #91 1986 - Prince released the song "Kiss." 1989 - Metallica's concert at Reunion Arena in Dallas, TX, was broadcast nationally via the Z-Rock radio network. 1998 - Elton John and Stevie Wonder played at the White House. Chart Toppers - February 51948Golden Earrings - Peggy LeeHow Soon - Jack OwensBallerina - Vaughn MonroeI’ll Hold You in My Heart (Till I Can Hold You in My Arms) - Eddy Arnold
1956Rock and Roll Waltz - Kay StarrSee You Later, Alligator - Bill Haley & His CometsNo, Not Much! - The Four LadsSixteen Tons - Tennessee Ernie Ford
1964I Want to Hold Your Hand - The BeatlesYou Don’t Own Me - Leslie GoreOut of Limits - The MarkettsBegging to You - Marty Robbins
1972American Pie - Don McLeanLet’s Stay Together - Al GreenDay After Day - BadfingerOne’s on the Way - Loretta Lynn
1980Rock with You - Michael JacksonDo that to Me One More Time - The Captain & TennilleCoward of the County - Kenny RogersI’ll Be Coming Back for More - T.G. Sheppard
1988Need You Tonight - INXSCould’ve Been - TiffanyHazy Shade of Winter - BanglesWheels - Restless Heartkittencaboudle
Feb 6 10 10:40 AM
(As another story goes....) In 1847, another New England ship captain's enjoyed his mother's pastries. Made using a deep-fried spiced dough, Elizabeth Gregory put hazelnuts or walnuts in the center, where the dough might not cook through - "doughnuts." Captain Hanson Gregory claimed credit for originating the hole in the doughnut. Originally, he cut the hole using the top of a round tin pepper box. This made more uniform frying possible with increased surface area, commemorated by a bronze plaque at his hometown, Rockport, Maine.
Rain fell continuously, the water-soaked tent finally Collapsed. However, the 100 donuts made that first day were an immediate success Soon, as many as 500 soldiers stood in muck outside the resurrected tent waiting for the sweet taste of donuts and, before long, 9,000 donuts were being made around the clock. The tent became the first 24-hour donut shop.
In the Middle of World War I, millions of homesick American "doughboys" were served up countless doughnuts by women volunteers, trying to give the soldiers a taste of home.
The first doughnut machine was invented in 1920, in New York City, by a man named Adolph Levitt, a refugee from czarist Russia. Levitt's doughnut machine was a huge hit causing doughnuts to spread like wildfire.
By 1934, at the World's Fair in Chicago, doughnuts were billed as "the hit food of the Century of Progress". Seeing them made by machines "automatically" somehow made them seem all the more futuristic.
Doughnuts became beloved. Legend says that dunking donuts first became a trend when actress Mae Murray accidentally dropped a donut in her coffee one day at Lindy's Deli on Broadway. In the 1934 film It Happened One Night newspaperman Clark Gable teaches young runaway heiress Claudette Colbert how to "dunk". In 1937 a popular song proclaimed that you can live on coffee and doughnuts if "you're in love".
During World War II, Red Cross women, followed the invasion forces in Europe and the Pacific. Clubmobile Service operated in the European Theater of Operations. Its courageous members often carried coffee and doughnuts to soldiers for many miles over roads too rough for regular travel. Doughnuts became closely associated with the American Red Cross: the organization purchased enough flour between l939 and l946 to make 1.6 billion of them. Red Cross women served doughnuts at the rate of 400 per minute during the years l944-46. Today, in the United States alone, over 10 billion doughnuts are made every year.<<<<<<<<<<<<<<>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>
Saturday, February 6, 2010WIN ONE FOR THE GIPPER DAY<<<<<<>>>>>>>
It was acting that brought Ronald Reagan the recognition and notoriety that led to his most successful career in politics. However, it has been written that he had only one notable performance -- in the film, King’s Row ; although most of us remember his many performances as the host (and, sometimes, the star) of General Electric Theatre [1954-1962] and Death Valley Days [1965-1966]; and role as George Gipp in the 1940 movie, Knute Rockne, All-American. Reagan resurrected the line (from the movie), “Win one for the Gipper,” during his presidency as a way to gather support for his anticommunist, conservative Republican policies. Comedians used his role in the 1951 movie, Bedtime for Bonzo, to gain yucks and guffaws during the Reagan Years (two presidential terms). The personable, good-natured President was once married to actress, Jane Wyman (Falcon Crest); but he married former actress Nancy Davis on March 4, 1952 and spent the rest of his life with her. Son, Michael, is a radio talk-show host. Son, Ron, has appeared frequently on television (even in his underwear on Saturday Night Live) and daughter, Patty, is a writer.
During his annual visit to the Mayo Clinic in 1994, doctors diagnosed Alzheimer’s disease. Ronald Reagan died June 5, 2004.
Michael Joseph "Mike" Farrell (born February 6, 1939) is an American actor, born in St. Paul, Minnesota
Best known for his role as Captain B.J. Hunnicutt on the popular television series M*A*S*H (1975–83).
More recently, Farrell was a producer of Patch Adams (1998) starring Robin Williams, and In 1999, Farrell was given the part of veterinarian Jim Hanson (the father of the lead character, Dr. Sydney Hansen, portrayed by Melina Kanakaredes) on the NBC-TV melodrama series Providence (1999–2002) and appeared as Milton Lang, the father of Victor Lang (John Slattery), husband of Gabrielle Solis (Eva Longoria Parker) on Desperate Housewives (2007–2008). He is also a prominent activist for politically progressive causes. He was seen in the tenth season episode "Persona" of Law & Order: Special Victims Unit.Even before he was well-known, Farrell was an activist for many political and social causes. He has worked with Human Rights Watch, was on the Board of Advisors of the original Cult Awareness Network, and has been president of Death Penalty Focus for more than ten years.
Farrell has also been active in the Screen Actors Guild. In 2002 he was elected First Vice President of the Guild in Los Angeles. He served in the post for three years.
In 2006 Farrell appeared with Jello Biafra and Keith Gordon in the documentary Whose War?, examining the U.S. role in the Iraq War.
1998 - These movies debuted in the U.S.: Blues Brothers 2000, starring Dan Aykroyd, John Goodman, Joe Morton, J. Evan Bonifant, Aretha Franklin, James Brown, B.B. King and Nia Peeples; The Replacement Killers, with Chow Yun-Fat and Mira Sorvino; and Zero Effect, starring Bill Pullman, Ben Stiller, Ryan O'neal, Kim Dickens and Angela Featherstone.
1957Too Much - Elvis PresleyYoung Love - Tab HunterBanana Boat (Day-O) - Harry BelafonteYoung Love - Sonny James
1965You’ve Lost that Lovin’ Feelin’ - The Righteous BrothersThe Name Game - Shirley EllisThis Diamond Ring - Gary Lewis & The PlayboysYou’re the Only World I Know - Sonny James
1973Crocodile Rock - Elton JohnWhy Can’t We Live Together - Timmy ThomasOh, Babe, What Would You Say? - Hurricane SmithShe Needs Someone to Hold Her (When She Cries) - Conway Twitty
1981The Tide is High - BlondieCelebration - Kool & The GangI Love a Rainy Night - Eddie RabbittI Feel like Loving You Again - T.G. Sheppard
1989When I’m with You - SheriffStraight Up - Paula AbdulWhen the Children Cry - White LionWhat I’d Say - Earl Thomas Conleykittencaboudle
Feb 7 10 9:43 AM
His adorable appearance and removable, remarkably multi-functional tail helped Felix achieve a level of popularity that he maintained until 1929, when creator Sullivan refused to convert to that new-fangled sound thing.
But cats do indeed have nine lives, and it was not long before Felix adapted to the world of sound in a series of cartoons produced in Technicolor by Van Buren studios in 1936, and a 1958 series produced by Casper the Friendly Ghost creator Joe Oriolo.
In these syndicated serials, Felix was equipped with a magical bag of tricks that could give even Mary Poppins' carpet bag a run for its money. Because the bag seemed to hold the perfect item for every occasion, it was greedily coveted by the Professor, Felix's cunning, yet usually unsuccessful rival. Even with the help of his sidekick, the bulldog Rock Bottom, the Professor would inevitably fail in his attempts to steal the precious bag. Felix also faced a formidable, but equally ineffectual enemy in the form of the sinister Master Cylinder. The coveted cat did have friends, too, including a bizarre little Eskimo named Vavoom, who could start an avalanche simply by shouting his name. The Professor's brainy nephew, Poindexter, was also more of a friend than foe for Felix, and his name left a legacy as the nickname of particularly bright children for decades.
Another one of Felix's enemies, albeit an unexpected one, was the show's tight budget, which often yielded rough, slow animation. But Felix survived this setback, too, creeping into the hearts of children, and of course, onto the walls of many a home in the form of that ubiquitous eye-shaking clock. In 1994, CBS brought the resourceful feline back for a series of five-second commercial bumpers. The spots sparked a resurgence in Felix's popularity, and one year later, the cat came back in the all-new The Twisted Tales of Felix the Cat, animated by Film Roman. VOICES:Felix Jack Mercer Professor Jack Mercer Rock Bottom Jack Mercer Poindexter Jack Mercer Master Cylinder Jack Mercer Vavoom Jack Mercer
Today, Oriolo's son, Don, continues to market the cat. In 1995, Felix appeared on television again, in an off-beat series called The Twisted Tales of Felix the Cat. Baby Felix followed in 2000 for the Japanese market, the direct-to-video Felix the Cat Saves Christmas. Felix also co-starred with Betty Boop in the "Betty Boop and Felix" comic strip (1984-1987). Oriolo has also brought about a new wave of Felix merchandising, everything from Wendy's Kids Meal toys to a video game for the Nintendo Entertainment System.According to the Don Oriolo's Felix the Cat blog, as of September 2008 there are plans in development for a new television series. Don's biography page also mentions a 52-episode cartoon series in the works.
In 1841, Sax relocated permanently to Paris and began work on a new set of instruments which were exhibited there in 1844. These were valved bugles, and although he had not invented the instrument itself, his examples were so much more successful than those of his rivals that they became known as saxhorns. They range in approximately seven different sizes, and paved the path to the creation of the flugelhorn. Today, they are widely used in concert bands and sometimes in orchestras. The saxhorn also laid the groundwork for the modern euphonium.
Sax also developed the saxotromba family, valved brass instruments with narrower bore than the saxhorns, in 1845, though they survived only briefly. Saxhorn instruments spread rapidly throughout the world. The saxhorn valves were accepted as state of the art and are still largely unchanged today. Sax suffered from lip cancer between 1853 and 1858 but made a full recovery. He died in 1894 in Paris and was interred in section 5 (Avenue de Montebello) at the Cimetière de Montmartre in Paris.
In the last years of his life, Sax was living in poverty.
Today, approximately 5,000 pianos are crafted by Steinway & Sons globally. That equates to almost 14 per day for every day of the year. The company boasts over 1300 prominent recording artists and ensembles who carry the prestigious 'Steinway Artist', however, it is important to note that no artist or ensemble is paid to promote, endorse or play a Steinway Piano. It is solely a choice. Each Steinway Artist owns a Steinway Piano and has chosen to perform on a Steinway Piano including Alfred Brendel, Billy Joel, Diana Kraal, Radu Lupu. When purchasing a Steinway Piano, pianos are selected from the unique "Piano Bank" which contains over 300 types of pianos. The total inventory cost of the 300 types is $15 million.
1997 - These films began runs in the U.S.: "The Beautician and the Beast", starring Fran Drescher and Timothy Dalton; "Dante’s Peak", with Pierce Brosnan and Linda Hamilton; "The Pest", starring John Leguizamo and Tammy Townsend; and "Suburbia", with Jayce Bartok, Amie Carey, Nicky Katt, Ajay Naidu and Parker Posey.
1994 - Paul Anka was honored at the French music industry’s annual awards in Paris for his song "My Way". In 1968 Anka wrote new lyrics to the melody of a French pop hit "Comme d’habitude", which means "As Usual". Anka called his version "My Way", and it became Frank Sinatra’s signature song. Chart Toppers - February 7 1950Dear Hearts and Gentle People - Dinah ShoreA Dreamer’s Holiday - Perry ComoThe Old Master Painter - Snooky LansonChatanoogie Shoe Shine Boy - Red Foley1958Don’t/I Beg of You - Elvis PresleyGet a Job - The SilhouettesSail Along Silvery Moon - Billy VaughnBallad of a Teenage Queen - Johnny Cash1966My Love - Petula ClarkBarbara Ann - The Beach BoysNo Matter What Shape (Your Stomach’s In) - The T-BonesGiddyup Go - Red Sovine1974The Way We Were - Barbra StreisandLove’s Theme - Love Unlimited OrchestraAmericans - Byron MacGregorJolene - Dolly Parton1982Centerfold - The J. Geils BandHarden My Heart - QuarterflashTurn Your Love Around - George BensonLonely Nights - Mickey Gilley1990How Am I Supposed to Live Without You - Michael BoltonOpposites Attract - Paula Abdul with The Wild PairDowntown Train - Rod StewartNobody’s Home - Clint Black
Feb 8 10 10:22 AM
It seems that Mr. Boyce was visiting England and one foggy day in London town, he lost his way. A young boy guided him, but refused any monetary reward. A surprised Mr. Boyce queried as to why. The boy replied that he was a Scout and Scouts did not accept a reward for doing a good turn. This gesture of good will so inspired Boyce that he searched out Baden-Powell to learn more about the British Scouts. Upon his return to the United States, he formed the Boy Scouts of America.
Boyce’s Scouts, and all those who followed, included along with their good deeds, outdoor camping, community service projects and other fun and educational projects. These are all part of the merit badge system for boys from eleven to seventeen years of age. Younger boys start out as Cub Scouts and older young men join the Explorers post.
Salute a Boy Scout today!
Born Edward Ray Sharpe on February 8, 1938, in Fort Worth, TX.
The phrase "one-hit wonder" seems to have been invented for Texas blues and rockabilly artist Ray Sharpe. Best known for his 1959 dual market hit "Linda Lu," the singer-songwriter has parlayed interest in his early recordings into a solid following in domestic clubs and international festivals.
Described by the late producer Major Bill Smith as "the greatest white-sounding black dude ever," Sharpe's style encompasses all the best elements of early rock 'n' roll. As a singer-songwriter, he has mined Chuck Berry-type humor from the situations and wordplay in his songs. As a guitarist, he alternates snarling single note Albert King guitar bends with with twangy, free-flowing rockabilly. Moreover, after 40 years in the business, he manages to sound eternally fresh and youthful.
R&B singer, guitarist, and songwriter; formed first band, the Blues Wailers, 1956; recorded first single, "That's the Way I Feel," for Dot Records,1958; recorded lone hit, "Linda Lu," on Jamie Records, 1959; appeared on Dick Clark's American Bandstand, 1959; released singles for Jamie and Trey labels, 1960, recorded for Gregmark, Garex, and United Artists, 1963; first album featuring overdubbed version of "Linda Lou" released by Award, 1964; recorded single for Fred Foster's Monument label, 1965; recorded with King Curtis and then unknown Jimi Hendrix at Atco Records, 1966; cut single for A&M, 1971; cut two albums for the Flying High label, 1980-82; Bear Family released retrospective of his early work, 1995.
Determined to never again suffer such humiliation, Waterman began to make fountain pens in his brother’s workshop. Lewis Waterman used the capillarity principle which allowed air to induce a steady and even flow of ink. He christened his pen "the Regular," decorated it with wood accents, and obtained a patent for it in 1884. In his first year of operation, Waterman sold his hand-made pens out of the back of a cigar shop. He guaranteed the pens for five years and advertised in a trendy magazine, The Review of Review. The orders filtered in.
By 1899, Lewis Waterman opened a factory in Montreal and was offering a variety of designs. In 1901, upon Waterman’s death, his nephew, Frank D. Waterman took the business overseas and increased sales to 350,000 pens per year. The Treaty of Versailles was signed using a solid gold Waterman pen, a far cry from the day Lewis Waterman lost his important contract due to a leaky fountain Noteable History
The Waterman pen company is a major manufacturer of fountain pens. Established in 1884 in York City by Lewis Edson Waterman, it is one of the few remaining first-generation fountain pen companies, as Waterman S.A..
The initial years of Waterman's involvement in pen manufacturing are unclear. The earliest records of reservoir pens date back to the tenth century, with the oldest surviving examples dating back to the 18th. Waterman's improvements on basic pen design and aggressive marketing played a vital role in making the fountain pen a mass-market object.
The key novelty feature of Waterman's first fountain pens was the feed, for which his first pen-related patent was granted in 1884. From the beginning, competition in the fountain pen industry was fierce, both in the marketplace and the courtroom. Despite later company literature that depicts Lewis E. Waterman as a golden-hearted innocent, all evidence indicates that he was a tough, savvy, and innovative businessman.Early Waterman pens were made of hard rubber and were equipped with 14K gold nibs. From early on, precious metal trim and overlays were offered. Many are still in use today, and their nibs are prized for their smoothness and flexibility.
Nonetheless, it was after L. E. Waterman's death in 1901 that the company took off. Under the leadership of Waterman's nephew, Frank D. Waterman, the Waterman Pen Company expanded aggressively worldwide. While Waterman introduced its share of innovations, the company's main selling point was always quality and reliability.Waterman's high production volume from c. 1900 on means that vintage examples are comparatively easy to find today. The most common models from the hard rubber era are the #12 slip-cap eyedropper, the #52 screw-cap lever-filler, and the #42 retracting-nib safety pen. Waterman adopted celluloid comparatively late, with the advent of the Patrician and Lady Patricia in 1929. Though largely ignored by present-day collectors, the Waterman C/F of 1953 introduced the modern plastic ink cartridge.
As the 20th century wore on Waterman's conservatism allowed its younger and more innovative competitors to gain market share -- Parker, Sheaffer, and Wahl-Eversharp, in particular. By the later 1920s, Waterman was playing catch-up; it continued to struggle through and beyond World War II before finally shutting down in 1954.
Waterman's French subsidiary, Waterman Jif (later Waterman S.A.), continued to prosper and eventually absorbed what remained of the American company and its British arm. A few pens of Waterman S.A. are: the Edson, the Philéas, the Hémisphère, the Expert, the Harmonie, the Charleston, the Ici et Là, the Audace, the Sérénité, the Liaison and the Carène. The Man 100 was released in 1983 for the 100th anniversary of the company; François Mitterrand was known for carrying two wherever he went.Successfully weathering the challenge of the ballpoint pen, it was acquired by Sanford, a division of Newell Rubbermaid, in 2001, owner of The Parker Pen Company.
1927 - The original version of the motion picture, Getting Gertie’s Garter, opened at the Hippodrome Theatre in New York City. The movie centered on a young lawyer who, believe it or not, didn’t know the difference between a bracelet and a garter.
1936 - The first National Football League draft was held. Jay Berwanger was the first to be selected. He went to the Philadelphia Eagles.
1984 - Kareem Abdul-Jabbar of the Los Angeles Lakers scored 27 points while leading his team to a 111-109 victory over the Boston Celtics. Abdul-Jabbar passed Wilt Chamberlain’s NBA career record of 12,682 field goals on this night. 1986 - Billy Olson, who actually claimed that he was afraid of heights, broke an indoor pole vault record for the seventh time in four months. He vaulted 19 feet, 5-1/2 inches. 1987 - The West beat the East in the NBA All-Star Game. A record was set for total points scored. The West won 154-149 in overtime.
1959Smoke Gets in Your Eyes - The PlattersThe All American Boy - Bill ParsonsStagger Lee - Lloyd PriceBilly Bayou - Jim Reeves
1967I’m a Believer - The MonkeesGeorgy Girl - The SeekersKind of a Drag - The BuckinghamsThere Goes My Everything - Jack Greene
1975Fire - Ohio PlayersYou’re No GoodBoogie on Reggae Woman - Stevie WonderThen Who Am I - Charley Pride
1983Africa - TotoBaby, Come to Me - Patti Austin with James IngramShame on the Moon - Bob Seger & The Silver Bullet BandInside - Ronnie Milsap
1991The First Time - SurfaceGonna Make You Sweat (Everybody Dance Now) - C & C Music Factoryfeaturing Freedom WilliamsPlay that Funky Music - Vanilla IceDaddy’s Come Around - Paul Overstreetkittencaboudle
Feb 9 10 9:40 AM
Theatre OrgansRobert Hope-JonesBorn 9 Feb 1859; died 13 Sep 1914
A theatre organ is a pipe organ originally designed specifically for imitation of an orchestra, but in latter years new designs have tended to be around some of the sounds and blends unique to the instrument itself.Theatre organs took the place of the orchestra when installed in a movie theatre during the heyday of silent films.Many organ builders supplied instruments to theatres. The Rudolph Wurlitzer company, to whom Robert Hope-Jones licensed his name and patents, was the most prolific and well-known manufacturer (2,234 were built), and the phrase Mighty Wurlitzer was the hallmark of quality. British-American organ builder whose innovations created the theatre organ and its orchestral sounds. In his early career, in England, as chief electrician with the Lancashire and Cheshire Telephone Company he gained experience with low voltage electrical circuits which led him to their application to the church organ. As an organ-builder, his many inventions included the Diaphone, (GB patent 21,414 in 1894, improved as GB patent 21,558 in 1895). In 1897, he patented a foghorn (No. 21,389) for use in lighthouses and still used today. He emigrated to the U.S. in 1903, where he eventually sold his patents to the Wurlitzer company, N. Tonawanda, NY. Despite his productive years contributing to organ devices and pipes, he died prematurely by suicide.Many of the innovations which furthered the evolution of theatre organ design simply allowed it to do its job better. Although not all of these ideas originated with Robert Hope-Jones, he was the first to successfully employ and combine many of these innovations within a single organ aesthetic. Some of these important developments are: electro-pneumatic action, which allows the console to be physically detached from the pipe chambers, connected only by a cable; unification, the process whereby pipe ranks are extended and tuned in sympathy with other ranks, and allowing any rank of pipes to be played from any manual or the pedals; imitative stops, where pipe ranks are more imitative of their symphonic counterparts; development of pipes able to speak successfully on higher wind pressures.
Hope-Jones believed that higher wind pressures would allow pipes to more accurately imitate orchestral instruments by causing the pipes to produce harmonic overtones which, when mixed with other pipe ranks, produced tones more imitative of actual instruments. The high wind pressures also led to the development of instruments that are unique in theatre organs (such as the diaphone and tibia clausa), and allowed any rank in the organ to function as a solo instrument. These higher pressures were possible due to the development of high-velocity, motor-driven blowers and wind regulators.Another hallmark of theatre organs is the addition of chromatic (tuned) percussions. In keeping with his idea of a "unit orchestra," Hope-Jones added pneumatically- and electrically operated instruments such as xylophones, wood harps, chimes, sleigh bells, chrysoglotts and glockenspiels to reproduce the orchestral versions of these instruments
After some major disagreements with the Wurlitzer management, Robert Hope-Jones took his own life in 1914—but not before profoundly influencing the development of the theatre organ. The Wurlitzer company continued to flourish, however, becoming the largest manufacturer of theatre pipe organs in the world. Indeed, while there were many other builders of these instruments, the name "Wurlitzer" became generically synonymous with the theatre organ.Today, approximately one fourth of all new or rebuilt church pipe organs use an electro-pneumatic action either exclusively, or as an augmentation to existing tracker actions. In the same vein, some amount of unification was utilized in some church organs, and even today many church pipe organs utilize some degree of unification in areas where it is not critical to the "classical" sound sought in such instruments, or in instruments where space for pipes is limited. With stops such as the 32' bourdon in the pedal
Theatre organs are usually identified at sight by their distinctive horseshoe-shaped consoles, which are frequently painted white with gold trim in original examples such as the 3/13 Barton from Ann Arbor's historic Michigan Theatre. The organ was installed in 1927 and is currently played daily before most film screenings There were over 7000 such organs installed in American theatres from 1915 to 1933, but fewer than 40 original instruments remain in their original theatres. While there are few original instruments in their original theatres, hundreds of theatre pipe organs are installed in public venues throughout the world.. Hundreds more exist in private residences throughout the world.
There are many theatre organs still in operation but only a handful are in their original installation.Here is a link for information on the largest organ on You Tube: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Ewh2UsZ5zFk
1996 - Broken Arrow opened in the U.S. The thriller stars John Travolta and Christian Slater in a “a no-holds-barred race to recover a lost nuclear weapon -- a broken arrow.” 1999 - Dave Grohl (Foo Fighter), his Roswell Records label, EMI Entertainment World and EMI Virgin Songs filed a suit against Miramax in California, accusing them unauthorized use of the Foo Fighters' song "Big Me" in trailers for the film "Rounders."
2001 - These movies debuted in the U.S.: Hannibal, with Anthony Hopkins and Julianne Moore, continues the story begun in The Silence of the Lambs; and Saving Silverman, starring Steve Zahn and Jack Black as buddies conspiring to save their best friend, Darren Silverman (played by Jason Biggs), from marrying the wrong woman.
1970 - Sly and The Family Stone received a gold record for the single, Thank You (Falettinme Be Mice Elf Agin). Sly (Sylvester) Stewart was a DJ in Oakland, CA. 1974 - "Daddy What If" by Bobby Bare peaks at #41 1974 - "The Americans (A Canadian's Opinion)" by Gordon Sinclair peaks at #24 1983 - Prince's "Little Red Corvette" was released. 1991 - "This Is Ponderous" by 2nu peaks at #46 1993 - Mick Jagger released a solo album called "Wandering Spirit." 1993 - Paul McCartney released a solo album, "Off The Ground." Chart Toppers1944My Heart Tells Me - The Glen Gray Orchestra (vocal: Eugenie Baird)Shoo, Shoo, Baby - The Andrews SistersNo Love, No Nothin’ - Ella Mae MorsePistol Packin’ Mama - Al Dexter
1952Slowpoke - Pee Wee KingCry - Johnnie RayAnytime - Eddie FisherGive Me More, More, More (Of Your Kisses) - Lefty Frizzell
1960Teen Angel - Mark DinningWhere or When - Dion & The BelmontsHandy Man - Jimmy JonesHe’ll Have to Go - Jim Reeves
1968Green Tambourine - The Lemon PipersSpooky - Classics IVLove is Blue - Paul MauriatSkip a Rope - Henson Cargill
197650 Ways to Leave Your Lover - Paul SimonLove to Love You Baby - Donna SummerYou Sexy Thing - Hot ChocolateSometimes - Bill Anderson & Mary Lou Turner
1984Karma Chameleon - Culture ClubJoanna - Kool & The GangRunning with the Night - Lionel RichieShow Her - Ronnie Milsap
Feb 10 10 8:11 AM
George Holmes "Buddy" Tate (February 22, 1913, Sherman, Texas – February 10, 2001, Chandler, Arizona) was a jazz saxophonist and clarinetist. He has been counted as one of the great tenor saxophonists of his generation and was inducted into the Big Band and Jazz Hall of Fame.
He began on alto saxophone, but quickly switched to tenor making a name for himself in bands like Andy Kirk's. He joined Count Basie's band in 1939 and stayed with him until 1948. He had been selected by Basie due to the sudden death of Herschel Evans, which Tate states he predicted in a dream. After his period with Basie ended he worked with several other bands before his own gained success starting in 1953 in Harlem. His band would work at the "Celebrity Club" there until 1974. After that he co-led a band with Paul Quinichette and worked with Benny Goodman in the late 1970s.
In 1981 he was seriously injured by scalding water at a hotel shower and later suffered from a serious illness. The 1990s saw him slow down, but he remained active playing with Lionel Hampton among others.Tate's final recording appearance came when he was invited to play with saxophone star James Carter on his 1996 CD, Conversin' With the Elders.
Tate spent his retirement years in Massapequa, New York. Just a few weeks before his death, he moved to Phoenix, Arizona, to live with his daughter Georgette. .
In 1992 he also took part in the documentary, Texas Tenor: The Illinois Jacquet Story. He lived in New York until 2001 when he moved to Arizona to be cared for by his daughter. Tate died on February 10, 2001, at age87, in Chandler, Arizona. He was survived by two daughters, both of Phoenix, and many grandchildren
Feb 11 10 9:54 AM
1970 - "Variety" reported this day that Walt Disney had secretly taken its "Song of the South" movie out of circulation back in 1958. Originally released in 1946, the live-action/animated flick featuring Brer Fox, Brer Rabbit, Brer Bear, Uncle Remus and kids, Johnny and Ginny, won an Academy Award (1947) for the song, "Zip-A-Dee-Doo-Dah". James Baskett won an Oscar for his Uncle Remus role. "Variety" said "Song of the South" was pulled because of ...racist attitudes reflected in the Negro roles in the film.
Feb 12 10 10:54 AM
Abraham Lincoln was the 16th president of the United States (1861-65), who preserved the Union during the American Civil War and brought about the emancipation of the slaves.
Among American heroes, Lincoln continues to have a unique appeal for his fellow countrymen and also for people of other lands. This charm derives from his remarkable life story-the rise from humble origins, the dramatic death-and from his distinctively human and humane personality as well as from his historical role as savior of the Union and emancipator of the slaves. His relevance endures and grows especially because of his eloquence as a spokesman for democracy. In his view, the Union was worth saving not only for its own sake but because it embodied an ideal, the ideal of self-government. In recent years, the political side to Lincoln's character, and his racial views in particular, have come under close scrutiny, as scholars continue to find him a rich subject for research. The Lincoln Memorial in Washington, D.C., was dedicated to him on May 30, 1922.Lincoln's Birthday is a legal holiday in some U.S. states including California, Connecticut, Illinois, Missouri, New Jersey, New York, and Indiana. Except for California and Indiana, it is observed on the anniversary of Abraham Lincoln's birth on February 12, 1809; California celebrates it on the Monday nearest February 12 while Indiana celebrates it the day after the fourth Thursday in November.
The earliest known observance of Lincoln's birthday occurred in Buffalo, New York, in 1874. Julius Francis (d. 1881), a Buffalo druggist, made it his life's mission to honor the slain president. He repeatedly petitioned Congress to establish Lincoln's birthday as a legal holiday. On February 12, 2009, the annual wreath-laying ceremony at the Lincoln Memorial commemorated Lincoln's 200th birthday in grand fashion.
Tyng practiced with the mask over the winter, and first used it in that 1877 game. His new gear went unmentioned in local newspaper accounts, but the Harvard Crimson took notice. It called the mask “a complete success,” which “adds greatly to the confidence of the catcher, who need not feel that he is every moment in danger of a life-long injury.” Tyng committed only two errors in the game, far fewer than usual, and continued to use the mask despite criticism. One wag wrote that if the catcher’s mask was accepted, the public would soon see “a player sculling around the bases with a stove funnel on his legs and a boiler-iron riveted across his stomach.”
1997 - "Dangerous Ground" opened in U.S. theatres. The movie cast Ice Cube with Elizabeth Hurley. Go figure...
1999 - Movies debuting in the U.S.: The romantic comedy "Blast From the Past", starring Brendan Fraser, Alicia Silverstone, Christopher Walken, Sissy Spacek and Dave Foley; the romantic "Message in a Bottle", with Kevin Costner, Robin Wright Penn, John Savage, Illeana Douglas, Robbie Coltrane, Jesse James and Paul Newman; and the comedy "My Favorite Martian", starring Jeff Daniels, Christopher Lloyd, Elizabeth Hurley, Daryl Hannah, Wallace Shawn, Christine Ebersole and Michael Lerner. 2000 - Hall-of-Fame football coach Tom Landry, who led the Dallas Cowboys to five Super Bowls in 20 consecutive winning seasons, died in Irving, Texas. He had been hospitalized with leukemia for several months.
1994 - Celine Dion’s "The Power of Love" was the #1 single in the U.S. It ruled the musical roost for four weeks: “We're heading for something; Somewhere I've never been; Sometimes I am frightened; But I'm ready to learn; Of the power of love.”
Feb 13 10 8:37 AM
Feb 14 10 8:21 AM
Saint Valentine's Day (commonly shortened to Valentine's Day) is an annual holiday held on February 14 celebrating love and affection between intimate companions. The holiday is named after one or more early Christian martyrs named Valentine and was established by Pope Gelasius I in 496 AD. It is traditionally a day on which lovers express their love for each other by presenting flowers, offering confectionery, and sending greeting cards (known as "valentines"). The holiday first became associated with romantic love in the circle of Geoffrey Chaucer in the High Middle Ages, when the tradition of courtly love flourished.The history of Valentine's Day is obscure, and further clouded by various fanciful legends. The holiday's roots are in the ancient Roman festival of Lupercalia, a fertility celebration commemorated annually on February 15. Pope Gelasius I recast this pagan festival as a Christian feast day circa 496, declaring February 14 to be St. Valentine's Day.
It was not until the 14th century that this Christian feast day became definitively associated with love. According to UCLA medieval scholar Henry Ansgar Kelly, author of Chaucer and the Cult of Saint Valentine, it was Chaucer who first linked St. Valentine's Day with romance.
In 1381, Chaucer composed a poem in honor of the engagement between England's Richard II and Anne of Bohemia. As was the poetic tradition, Chaucer associated the occasion with a feast day. In "The Parliament of Fowls," the royal engagement, the mating season of birds, and St. Valentine's Day are linked:
For this was on St. Valentine's Day, When every fowl cometh there to choose his mate.
For this was on St. Valentine's Day, When every fowl cometh there to choose his mate.
Because the type bars of this typewriter strike upwards, the typist could not have seen characters as they were typed. This was the case in most early keyboard typewriters, however, as the type bars struck upward against the bottom of the platen and what was typed was not visible until a carriage return caused it to scroll into view. The difficulty with any other arrangement was ensuring that the type bars fell back into place reliably when the key was released. This was eventually achieved with various ingenious mechanical designs and so-called "visible typewriters", such as the Oliver typewriter, were introduced in 1895. The older style continued in production to as late as 1915.U.S. inventor who developed the typewriter. A printer and newspaper editor by trade, he developed a page numbering machine in the mid-1800s. A friend suggested he modify the machine into a letter-printing device. Sholes patented the typewriter in 1868 and sold the rights to Remington in 1873.
1997 - These films opened in the U.S.: "Absolute Power", starring Clint Eastwood, Gene Hackman, Ed Harris and Judy Davis; "Fools Rush In", with Matthew Perry Salma Hayek Jon Tenney Jill Clayburgh; "That Darn Cat", featuring Christina Ricci, Doug E. Doug, Dean Jones and George Dzundza; "Touch", starring Skeet Ulrich, Bridget Fonda, Chrisotpher Walken and Tom Arnold; and "Vegas Vacation", with Chevy Chase, Beverly D’angelo, Randy Quaid and Wayne Newton.
1957 - Lionel Hampton’s only major musical work, "King David", made its debut at New York’s Town Hall. The four-part symphony jazz suite was conducted by Dimitri Mitropoulos.
1998 - Usher’s "Nice and Slow" was number one in the U.S. The single stayed at the top for four weeks: “Let me take you to a place nice and quiet; There ain’t no one there to interrupt; Ain’t gotta rush; I just wanna take it nice and slow; (Now baby tell me what you want to do wit me)... ” Chart Toppers - February 14 1949A Little Bird Told Me - Evelyn KnightPowder Your Face with Sunshine - Evelyn KnightFar Away Places - Margaret WhitingI Love You So Much It Hurts - Jimmy Wakely1957Too Much - Elvis PresleyYoung Love - Tab HunterYou Don’t Owe Me a Thing - Johnnie RayYoung Love - Sonny James1965You’ve Lost that Lovin’ Feelin’ - The Righteous BrothersThis Diamond Ring - Gary Lewis & The PlayboysAll Day and All of the Night - The KinksYou’re the Only World I Know - Sonny James1973Crocodile Rock - Elton JohnWhy Can’t We Live Together - Timmy ThomasOh, Babe, What Would You Say? - Hurricane SmithShe Needs Someone to Hold Her (When She Cries) - Conway Twitty1981Celebration - Kool & The Gang9 to 5 - Dolly PartonI Love a Rainy Night - Eddie RabbittWho’s Cheatin’ Who - Charly McClain1989Straight Up - Paula AbdulWild Thing - Tone LocBorn to Be My Baby - Bon JoviSong of the South - Alabama
Feb 15 10 11:02 AM
Watching out the train window as some workmen positioned and riveted the steel beams of an electrical power-line tower, Gilbert decided to create a children's construction kit: not just a toy, but an assemblage of metal beams with evenly spaced holes for bolts to pass through, screws, bolts, pulleys, gears and eventually even engines. A British toy company called Meccano Company was then selling a similar kit, but Gilbert's Erector set was more realistic and had a number of technical advantages --- most notably, steel beams that were not flat but bent lengthwise at a 90-degree angle, so that four of them nested side-to-side formed a very sturdy, square, hollow support beam.
Gilbert began selling the "Mysto Erector Structural Steel Builder" in 1913, backed by the first major American ad campaign for a toy. The Erector set quickly became one of the most popular toys of all time: living rooms across the country were transformed into miniature metropoles, filled with skyscrapers, bridges and railways. Those kids who already owned a set would beg Santa annually for an upgrade, aiming for the elusive "No. 12 1/2" deluxe kit that came with blueprints for the "Mysterious Walking Giant" robot. It is difficult for anyone under the age of 35 today to appreciate just how popular the Erector set was for over half a century.
A. C. Gilbert was one of the most multi-talented inventors of all time. With many fields open to his ingenuity, he chose to educate and entertain children through toys.
Feb 15 10 11:07 AM
Cole grew up in Chicago where, by age 12, he sang and played organ in the church where his father was pastor. He formed his first jazz group, the Royal Dukes, five years later. In 1937, after touring with a black musical revue, he began playing in jazz clubs in Los Angeles. There he formed the King Cole Trio (originally King Cole and His Swingsters), with guitarist Oscar Moore and bassist Wesley Prince (later replaced by Johnny Miller). The trio specialized in swing music with a delicate touch in that they did not employ a drummer; also unique were the voicings of piano and guitar, often juxtaposed to sound like a single instrument. An influence on jazz pianists such as Oscar Peterson, Cole was known for a compact, syncopated piano style with clean, spare, melodic phrases.
During the late 1930s and early '40s the trio made several instrumental recordings, as well as others that featured their harmonizing vocals. They found their greatest success, however, when Cole began doubling as a solo singer. Their first chart success, “Straighten Up and Fly Right” (1943), was followed by hits such as “Sweet Lorraine,” “It's Only a Paper Moon,” “(I Love You) For Sentimental Reasons,” and “Route 66.” Eventually, Cole's piano playing took a backseat to his singing career. Noted for his warm tone and flawless phrasing, Cole was regarded among the top male vocalists, although jazz critics tended to regret his near-abandonment of the piano. He first recorded with a full orchestra (the trio serving as rhythm section) in 1946 for “The Christmas Song,” a holiday standard and one of Cole's biggest-selling recordings. By the 1950s, he worked almost exclusively as a singer, with such notable arrangers as Nelson Riddle and Billy May providing lush orchestral accompaniment. “Nature Boy,” “Mona Lisa,” “Too Young,” “A Blossom Fell,” and “Unforgettable” were among his major hits of the period. He occasionally revisited his jazz roots, as on the outstanding album After Midnight (1956), which proved that Cole's piano skills had not diminished.
Cole's popularity allowed him to become the first African American to host a network variety program, The Nat King Cole Show, which debuted on NBC television in 1956. The show fell victim to the bigotry of the times, however, and was canceled after one season; few sponsors were willing to be associated with a black entertainer. Cole had greater success with concert performances during the late 1950s and early '60s and twice toured with his own vaudeville-style reviews, The Merry World of Nat King Cole (1961) and Sights and Sounds (1963). His hits of the early '60s—“Ramblin' Rose,” “Those Lazy, Hazy, Crazy Days of Summer,” and “L-O-V-E”—indicate that he was moving even farther away from his jazz roots and concentrating almost exclusively on mainstream pop. Adapting his style, however, was one factor that kept Cole popular up to his early death from lung cancer in 1965.
Feb 15 10 11:09 AM
Name at birth: Edgar McLean Stevenson, Jr.
Feb 15 10 11:13 AM
Fats Waller was undoubtedly one of the finest jazz pianists of all-time. Though he is best remembered today as the author of such popular compositions as "Aint Mis Behavin and ''Honeysuckle Rose,'' he also bestowed upon the world a string of successful and lively recordings and worked on a number of Broadway shows. Sadly, though, Waller's career was cut short by an untimely death. There is little doubt that he had much more to contribute to the world of music than his brief lifespan allowed him to give.He made his first recording in 1922 and spent the rest of that decade performing in theaters and cabarets around New York City, Chicago, and Washington, DC. He also led his own trio in Philadelphia. In the late 1920s he established a relationship with lyricist Andy Razaf. The duo wrote many memorable tunes together, including the score for the Broadway musical Connie's Hot Chocolates, which featured Louis Armstrong.In 1932 Waller began his own radio program, Fats Waller's Rhythm Club, on Cincinnati station WLW. The show proved popular and in 1934 he moved to New York and brought the program to CBS. Waller's big break came while performing at a party hosted by composer George Gershwin. An executive from Victor Records was impressed by his ability and, based upon the success of his radio show, signed him to a contract. With a small group of accompanying musicians, usually six, Waller recorded more than 400 often-humorous titles over the next eight years released under the name ''Fats Waller and His Rhythm.'' Waller also recorded independently for the Commodore label.
Over the next several years Waller toured the United States and Europe, performing on his own and briefly putting together a 13-piece orchestra in the early 1940s. The orchestra appeared mainly in theaters and made a few recordings. In 1942 Waller played Carnegie Hall.Waller's rollicking style and sense of humor made him a popular star, and his output was tremendous. He had a reputation for wild living. Throughout his life Waller had a drinking problem as well as a weight problem. This combination took its toll on his health. Fats Waller died from pneumonia in 1943 while traveling on board a train near Kansas City at the age of 39.Waller's last performance was in the 1943 film Stormy Weather.
Feb 16 10 10:11 AM
Studebaker entered the automotive business in 1902 with electric vehicles and in 1904 with gasoline vehicles, all sold under the name "Studebaker Automobile Company". Until 1911, its automotive division operated in partnership with the E-M-F Company and the Superior Coach Company (the latter then known as the Garford Motor Truck Company).
The first gasoline cars to be fully manufactured by Studebaker were marketed in August 1912. Over the next 50 years, the company established an enviable reputation for quality and reliability. The South Bend plant ceased production on December 20, 1963, and the last Studebaker car rolled off the Hamilton, Ontario, Canada, plant on March 16, 1966.
Thomas Edison purchased the second electric car produced by Studebaker. Studebaker eased their way into the automobile market after the turn of the century introducing an electric car in 1902. Gasoline-powered Studebakers came in 1904 produced by the Garford Company in Ohio and marketed under the name Studebaker-Garford.
In 1911, Studebaker would join forces with the Everitt-Metzker-Flanders Company of Detroit to form the Studebaker Corporation. Studebaker sold automobiles under the EMF and Flanders names until 1913; from thereafter, all new cars carried the Studebaker name. Studebaker was still producing wagons, and would do so until 1920, at which time automobile production was moved from Detroit to South Bend.
During this time, Studebaker built automobiles in the medium-price-field. In 1927, Studebaker introduced the Erskine; a small car designed for the European market, and purchased luxury automaker Pierce-Arrow. The Great Depression, combined with questionable management decisions lead to Studebaker going into receivership in 1933. They would emerge from receivership under Studebaker Vice-Presidents Paul Hoffman and Harold Vance. Throughout his career at Studebaker, Raymond Loewy produced many of the revolutionary designs that Studebaker was famous for. Raymond Loewy's relationship with Studebaker began in 1936. Raymond Loewy Associates held the Studebaker account from 1936-1955, with the first RLA designs being the 1938 models. RLA would also style the successful 1939 Champion, which marked Studebaker's first successful foray into the low-priced fieldThe Amphibious Weasel was used widely by the United States in World War II. Defense contracts during World War II had Studebaker building B-17 Flying Fortress engines, US6 6x6 military trucks, and the M29 and M29C "Weasel".The Studebaker National Museum has its roots in the Studebaker Corporation's private collection, which originated in the 1890s. Studebaker operated its own museum for many years, and by 1920, their collection included Lafayette's and President Lincoln's carriages, the company's last farm wagon, the first automobile built entirely in South Bend, Indiana, and a large collection of World War I military vehicles.
The collection continued to grow until Studebaker ceased production in 1966. By that time, the collection numbered 37 vehicles, including the last automobiles produced in South Bend and Canada.
The museum's Archive Center houses an extensive collection of artifacts, manuscripts, and records from the Studebaker Corporation, Packard Motor Car Company, and local South Bend industries. The records of the Studebaker Corporation were initially donated to Syracuse University in 1966. Syracuse returned the 70 tons of material to the museum in the late 1970s. With the acquisition of the Freeman-Spicer building in 1982, a portion of the vehicle collection and archives were moved to that site. The Studebaker National Museum, Incorporated was formed in 1985, and in 1992 consolidated all exhibits and displays at the Freeman-Spicer Building. The archives were moved to a separate location on South Bend's south side.
The Studebaker National Museum's new home opened in October of 2005 at the corner of Thomas and Chapin Streets, adjacent to the Northern Indiana Center for History. The museum operates as a 501 (c) 3 non-profit corporation.
1999 - A bomb exploded at the government headquarters in Uzbekistan. Gunfire followed the incident. The event apparently was an attempt on the life of President Islam Karimov. 1999 - Testimony began in the Jasper,
Lester Alvin Burnett (March 18, 1911–February 16, 1967), better known as Smiley Burnette, was a popular American country music performer and a comedic actor in Western films, playing sidekick to Gene Autry and other B-movie cowboys, and on radio and TV. He was also a prolific singer-songwriter who could play as many as 100 musical instruments, some simultaneously. His career beginning in 1934 spanned four decades, including a regular role on Petticoat Junction in the 1960s.Burnette came by his nickname while creating a character for a WDZ children's program. He was reading Mark Twain’s "The Celebrated Jumping Frog of Calaveras County" at the time, which included a character named Jim Smiley. He named the radio character Mr. Smiley, but Burnette soon adopted the moniker as his own and dropped the salutation. His break came in December 1933 when he was hired by Gene Autry to play accordion on National Barn Dance on Chicago's WLS-AM, where Autry was the major star and in 1934, producer Nat Levine cast the duo in their film debut (unbilled) as part of a bluegrass band in Mascot Pictures' In Old Santa Fe, starring Ken Maynard. Burnette sang and played accordion and the film included two of his compositions.By 1940, he ranked second only to Autry in a Boxoffice magazine popularity poll of Western stars, the lone sidekick among the top ten; and when Autry left for World War II service, Burnette provided a sidekick to Eddie Dew, Sunset Carson and Bob Livingston; and appeared in nine other films with Roy Rogers. He had a fan club and was especially popular among younger fans. Burnette's movie horse, white with a black-ringed left eye, also became famous; first as Black-eyed Nellie, then Ring-eyed Nellie and finally just Ring Eye.
After leaving Republic in June 1944, he became the sidekick to Charles Starrett at Columbia Pictures in the long-running Durango Kid serial. Starrett starred in the series from 1945 until 1952, and the pairing resulted in 56 films. When the series ended, Burnette rejoined Autry for Autry's final six films, all released by Columbia Pictures in 1953.Burnette wrote more than 400 songs and sang a significant number of them on screen. His Western classic, "Ridin’ Down The Canyon (To Watch The Sun Go Down)", was later recorded by Willie Nelson, Riders in the Sky and Johnnie Lee Wills. Other compositions included "On The Strings Of My Lonesome Guitar" (Jimmy Wakely's theme song in the 1940s), "Fetch Me Down My Trusty .45", "Ridin' All Day", "It's Indian Summer", as well as "The Wind Sings A Cowboy Song", "The Old Covered Wagon" and "Western Lullaby". He also composed musical scores for such films as The Painted Stallion and Waterfront Lady. His songs were recorded by a diverse range of singers, including Bing Crosby, Ferlin Husky and Leon Russell. His performance of "Steamboat Bill" appeared on Billboard's country chart in 1939.Burnette devised and built some of his unusual musical instruments in his home workshop. His "Jassass-a-phone," for example, which he played in the film, The Singing Cowboy, resembled an organ with pipes, levers and pull mechanisms. In the 1940s, he invented and patented an early home audio-visual system called "Cinevision Talkies." Each package contained a 78 rpm record with four of his songs and fifteen 35mm slides. The slides were to be projected in order and advanced each time a short tone played on the record during the songs. An inside cover of the record album was white, so those with no projector and screen could simply shine a flashlight through the slides and view them on the cover. In the mid-1960s, he portrayed railway engineer Charley Pratt on the CBS-TV programs Petticoat Junction (106 episodes) and Green Acres (seven episodes).
Just after completing the fourth season of Petticoat Junction, Burnette became ill. On February 16, 1967, at age 55, he died in Encino, California, from leukemia, and was interred in Forest Lawn Memorial Park in Hollywood Hills, California.Burnette donated his original hat and shirt to the Cowboy Hall of Fame in Oklahoma City, Oklahoma, in 1962. In 1971, he was inducted posthumously into the Nashville Songwriters Hall of Fame. For his contributions to the motion picture industry, Burnette has a star on the Hollywood Walk of Fame at 6125 Hollywood Boulevard, dedicated in 1986. In 1998, he was inducted into the Western Music Association.
Burnette is mentioned in the Statler Brothers' 1973 country music hit, "Whatever Happened to Randolph Scott?" (later the title of a 1994 Scott biography), which reached number 22 on the country chart.
2001 - First-run time in the U.S. for these movies: The romantic comedy "Down to Earth", featuring Chris Rock and Regina King; the animated comedy "Recess: School’s Out", with the voices of Andy Lawrence, Ashley Johnson, Rickey D'shon Collins, Courtland Mead, Jason Davis, Pamela Segall, Melissa Joan Hart, Dabney Coleman, April Winchell and James Woods; and the romantic comedy "Sweet November", starring Keanu Reeves and Charlize Theron.
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