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Jul 24 10 6:01 PM
Thought for the day :
" We hang the petty thieves and appoint the great ones to public office. "
On This Day In History, July 24
1651 - Anthony Johnson, a free black, receives grant of 250 acres in Va 1673 - Edmund Halley enters Queen's College, Oxford, as an undergraduate 1683 - 1st settlers from Germany to US, leave aboard the Concord
1701 - French make 1st landing at site of Detroit 1704 - Great Britain takes Gibralter from Spain 1758 - George Washington admitted to Virginia House of Burgess 1783 - Georgia becomes a protectorate of tsarist Russia 1799 - William Clark (of Lewis & Clark) is willed the slave York
1824 - Harrisburg Pennsylvanian newspaper publishes results of 1st public opinion poll. Clear lead for Andrew Jackson 1847 - Mormon leader Brigham Young and his followers arrived in the valley of the Great Salt Lake in present-day Utah. 1849 - Georgetown University in Washington, DC, presented its first Doctor of Music Degree. It was given to Professor Henry Dielman. 1866 - Tennessee became the first state to be readmitted to the Union after the U.S. Civil War. 1870 - 1st trans-US rail service begins 1877 - 1st time federal troops are used to combat strikers
1900 - Race riot in New Orleans, 2 white policemen killed 1915 - Excursion ship Eastland capsizes in Lake Michigan, 852 die 1919 - Race Riot in Washington DC (6 killed, 100 wounded)
1923 - The Treaty of Lausanne, which settled the boundaries of modern Turkey, was concluded in Switzerland. 1925 - Scopes guilty of teaching evolution in a Tn HS, fined $100 & costs 1929 - U.S. President Hoover proclaimed the Kellogg-Briand Pact, which renounced war as an instrument of foreign policy. 1929 - NY to SF footrace ends (2« months) winner was 60 year old Monteverde
1933 - The first broadcast of "The Romance of Helen Trent" was heard on radio. 7,222 episodes were aired. 1933 - U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt gave his fourth "Fireside Chat."
1934 - 1st ptarmigan hatched & reared in captivity, Ithaca, NY 1936 - 118ø F (48ø C), Minden, Nebraska (state record) 1936 - 121ø F (49ø C), near Alton, Kansas (state record) 1937 - Alabama drops charges against 5 blacks accused of rape in Scottsboro 1943 - "Foreign Assignment" was first heard on Mutual radio. The title role of Brian Berry was played by Jay Jostyn, who also starred in another popular radio drama, "Mr. District Attorney". 1948 - Soviet occupation forces in Germany blockaded West Berlin. The U.S.-British airlift began the following day.
1950 - V-2/WAC Corporal rocket launch; 1st launch from Cape Canaveral 1952 - 112ø F (44ø C), Louisville, Georgia (state record) 1952 - Pres Truman settles 53-day steel strike 1959 - VP Nixon argued with Khrushchev, known as "Kitchen Debate" 1961 - Beginning of a trend, a US commercial plane is hijacked to Cuba 1963 - 124 Unification church couples wed in Korea 1963 - Sonny Liston KOs Floyd Patterson to retain heavyweight championship 1967 - Charles de Gaulle says 'Vive le Qu‚bec libre! Long live free Quebec!' 1967 - Race riot in Cambridge Maryland 1969 - The Apollo 11 astronauts splashed down safely in the Pacific Ocean. 1969 - Hoyt Wilhelm pitches in a record 907th major league game 1969 - Muhammad Ali is convicted for refusing induction in US Army on appeal
1973 - NL beats AL 7-1 in 44th All Star Game (Royals Stadium, KC) 1974 - The U.S. Supreme Court unanimously ruled that President Nixon had to turn over subpoenaed White House tape recordings to the Watergate special prosecutor1975 - Apollo 18 returns to Earth
1982 - E Bowell discovers asteroid #2763 Jeans 1984 - Seve Ballesteros wins the British Open 1985 - Gandhi signs peace contract with Sikh leader Harchand Singh Longowai 1986 - SF Federal jury convicts navy radioman Jerry Whitworth of espionage 1987 - Hulda Crooks, at 91 years of age, climbed Mt. Fuji. Hulda became the oldest person to climb Japan’s highest peak. 1987 - IBM-PC DOS Version 3.3 (updated) released 1988 - US & Jamacia play scoreless tie, in 2nd round of 1990 world soccer cup
1990 - Ms. Magazine hits the newstands again after an 8 month haitus 1991 - U of Manchester scientist announce finding a planet outside of the solar system
1998 - A gunman burst into U.S. Capitol and opened fire killing two police officers. Russel Weston Jr., was later ruled incompetent to stand trial. 2001 - The city of Detroit, Michigan celebrated its 300th anniversary with a historical reenactment of city founder Antoine de la Mothe Cadillac landing on the shores of the Detroit River. Included in the tricentennial party, the unveiling of a statue of Cadillac: a gift of the French-American Chamber of Commerce to the city of Detroit. Happy birthday Motor City!
2003 - The U.S. released pictures of the bodies of Odai and Qusai Hussein. The two died during a battle with U.S. forces near Mosul, Iraq.
1847 - Richard M. Hoe patented the rotary-type printing press
1965 - Casey Stengel resigns as manager of the NY Mets 1978 - Billy Martin was fired for the first of three times as the manager of the New York Yankees baseball team. 1978 - Billy Martin resigns as Yankee manager after "the one is a born liar the other a convicted one" comment about Steinbrenner & Jackson 1979 - Red Sox Carl Yastrzemski hits his 400th HR
1983 - Pine Tar Game, Brett's HR disallowed against Yanks (overturned) 1984 - Terry Bradshaw retired from the National Football League.
Motion Picture Events
1985 - Walt Disney released their 25th full-length cartoon. The work was "The Black Cauldron." Disney movies, music and books
1998 - Roy O. Disney received a star on the Hollywood Walk of Fame. 1998 - “In the last great invasion of the last great war, the greatest danger for eight men ... was saving one.” That one was one Private James Ryan and the story of the search for him, "Saving Private Ryan", opened in U.S. theatres this day. Produced and directed by one Steven Spielberg, the movie earned $30.58 million the first weekend. TV Events
1956 - Dean Martin and Jerry Lewis ended their team. They ended the partnership a decade after it began on July 25, 1946.
1961 - Edwin Newman becomes news anchor of the Today Show
1965 - Bob Dylan release "Like a Rolling Stone" 1938 - Clarinet virtuoso and big band leader Artie Shaw recorded his now-classic, "Begin the Beguine", for Bluebird Records in New York City. Shaw was married to Ava Gardner at the time.
1978 - "Sgt Pepper's Lonely Hearts Club Band" premeirs in NYC
Chart Toppers - July 24 1949Some Enchanted Evening - Perry ComoBali Ha’i - Perry ComoAgain - Gordon JenkinsOne Kiss Too Many - Eddy Arnold1957Teddy Bear - Elvis PresleyLove Letters in the Sand - Pat BooneIt’s Not for Me to Say - Johnny MathisBye Bye Love - The Everly Brothers1965(I Can’t Get No) Satisfaction - The Rolling StonesI’m Henry VIII, I Am - Herman’s HermitsWhat’s New Pussycat? - Tom JonesBefore You Go - Buck Owens1973Bad, Bad Leroy Brown - Jim CroceYesterday Once More - CarpentersShambala - Three Dog NightLove is the Foundation - Loretta Lynn1981Bette Davis Eyes - Kim CarnesAll Those Years Ago - George HarrisonThe One that You Love - Air SupplyFeels So Right - Alabama1989Toy Soldiers - MartikaExpress Yourself - MadonnaBatdance - PrinceWhat’s Going on in Your World - George Straitkittencaboudle
Jul 24 10 10:58 PM
Jul 25 10 6:25 PM
" Don't need a new religion, haven't used the old one up yet. "
On This Day In History, July 25
0326 - Constantine refused to carry out the traditional pagan sacrifices.
1394 - Charles VI of France issued a decree for the general expulsion of Jews from France.
1564 - Maximillian II became emperor of the Holy Roman Empire. 1587 - Japanese strong-man Hideyoshi banned Christianity in Japan and ordered all Christians to leave. 1593 - France's King Henry IV converted from Protestantism to Roman Catholicism.
1729 - North Carolina becomes royal colony 1759 - British capture Fort Niagara from French (7 Years' War) 1759 - British forces defeated a French army at Fort Niagara in Canada. 1799 - Napoleon Bonaparte defeated the Ottomans at Aboukir, Egypt.
1805 - Aaron Burr visited New Orleans with plans to establish a new country, with New Orleans as the capital city.1814 Battle of Niagara Falls (Lundy's Lane); Americans defeat British 1822 Gen Agust¡n de Iturbide crowned Agust¡n I, 1st emperor of M‚xico 1832 1st railroad accident in US, Granite Railway, Quincy, Mass-1 dies 1845 - China granted Belgium equal trading rights with Britain, France and the United States.
1850 - In Worcester, MA, Harvard and Yale University freshmen met in the first intercollegiate billiards match. 1850 - Gold was discovered in the Rogue River in Oregon. 1860 - 1st US intercollegiate billard match (Harvard vs Yales) 1861 - The Crittenden Resolution, which called for the American Civil War to be fought to preserve the Union and not for slavery, was passed by the U.S. Congress.1866 - Ulysses S. Grant was named General of the Army. He was the first American officer to hold the rank. 1868 - The U.S. Congress passed an act creating the Wyoming Territory.1898 - 1st US troops land & occupy Puerto Rice, at Guanica Bay 1903 - Castle on top of Telegraph Hill closes 1907 - Korea became a protectorate of Japan. 1909 - French aviator Louis Bleriot flew across the English Channel in a monoplane. He traveled from Calais to Dover in 37 minutes. He was the first man to fly across the channel. 1912 - Comoros proclaimed a French colonies
1914 - Russia declared that it would act to protect Serbian sovereignty. 1916 - Explosion at Lake Erie & Cleveland Waterworks 1918 - Annette Adams sworn in as 1st woman district attorney of US, Calif 1918 - Race riot in Chester Pennsylvania (3 blacks & 2 whites killed)
1924 - Greece announced the deportation of 50,000 Armenians.
1934 - Austrian chancellor Engelbert Dollfuss was shot and killed by Nazis. 1935 - C Jackson discovers asteroid #1641 Tana 1936 - 115 acre Orchard Beach opens in the Bronx 1936 - G Neujmin discovers asteroid #3761 1940 - John Sigmund begins swimming for 89 hrs 46 mins in the Mississippi R
1941 - The U.S. government froze all Japanese and Chinese assets. 1943 - Italian Fascist dictator Benito Mussolini was overthrown in a coup. 1943 - Benito Mussolini dismissed as premier of Italy during WW II 1944 - 1st jet fighter used in combat (Messerschmitt 262)
1946 - 1st bikini is shown at a Paris fashion show 1946 - The U.S. detonated an atomic bomb at Bikini Atoll in the Pacific. It was the first underwater test of the device. 1946 - Dean Martin and Jerry Lewis staged their first show as a team at Club 500 in Atlantic City, NJ.
1947 - Fortune Gordien of Oslo, Norway set a world record discus throw of 178.47 feet. 1947 - US Air Force, Navy & War Dept form US Dept of Defense 1947 - US Deptartment of the Army created 1950 - Goethe Link Observatory discovers asteroids #1799 Koussevitzky, #1822 Waterman & #2842 1951 - L Boyer discovers asteroid #1714 Sy
1952 - Puerto Rico became a self-governing commonwealth of the U.S.1952 - Goethe Link Observatory discovers asteroid #1788 Kiess 1953 - NYC transit fare rises from 10 to 15, 1st use of subway tokens 1956 - The Italian liner Andrea Doria sank after colliding with the Swedish ship Stockholm off the New England coast. 51 people were killed. 1956 - Jordanians attack UN Palestine truce 1957 - Monarchy in Tunisa abolished in favor of a republic 1958 - "Sensational" Sherri Martel wins wrestling's WWF woman's title
1963 - US, Russia & England sign nuclear test ban treaty
1964 - Race riot in Rochester NY 1967 - Construction begins on SF MUNI METRO (Market Street subway) 1968 - H Wroblewski discovers asteroid #1993 Guacolda 1968 - Pope Paul VI encyclical On the regulation of birth
1972 - US health officials concede blacks were used as guinea pigs in 40 year syphillis experiment 1973 - USSR launches Mars 5 1974 - T Smirnova discovers asteroid #2345 Fucik 1978 - Louise Joy Brown, the first test-tube baby, was born in Oldham, England. She had been conceived through in-vitro fertilization.
1981 - Voyager 2 encounters Saturn 1983 - 1st nonhuman primate (baboon) conceived in a lab dish, San Antonio 1983 - Washington Public Power Supply System defaulted $2.25 billion 1984 - Cosmonaut Svetlana Savitskaya became 1st woman to walk in space 1984 - Soviet cosmonaut Svetlana Savitskaya became the first woman to walk in space. She was aboard the orbiting space station Salyut 7. 1985 - Spokeswoman for Rock Hudson confirmed he had AIDS
1987 - USSR launches Kosmos 1870, 15-ton Earth-study satellite
1990 - Nadezhda Ryashkina of USSR sets 10K walk woman's record (41:56.23)1990 - US Ambassador tells Iraq, US won't take sides in Iraq-Kuwait dispute 1991 - Howard Stern adds a 4th radio market (Los Angeles) 1992 - 25th Olympic Summer games opens in Barcelona, Spain
1994 - Israel and Jordan formally ended the state of war that had existed between them since 1948.
1997 - K.R. Narayanan became India's president. He was the first member of the Dalits caste to do so.
1998 - The USS Harry S. Truman was commissioned and put into service by the U.S. Navy. 1998 - U.S. President Clinton was subpoenaed to appear before a federal grand jury regarding the Monica Lewinsky case. The subpoena was withdrawn when Clinton agreed to give videotaped testimony with his lawyers present.
1999 - Lance Armstrong won the Tour de France. He was only the second American to win the race. He won the race again in 2000.
2000 - A supersonic Concorde crashed outside Paris, France, killing all 109 people aboard and 5 on the ground.
1854 - The paper shirt collar was patented by Walter Hunt of New York City. The once-popular collar was very much a part of a clergyman’s wardrobe. You can, literally, count your blessings that other, more comfortable collars have come along since. Imagine having to wear a paper collar in the heat of July or the dog days of August ... or anytime, for that matter. Amen.
1871 - Seth Wheeler patented perforated wrapping paper. 1871 - Carrousel patented by Wilhelm Schneider, Davenport, Iowa
1913 - Carl Weilman strikes out 6 times in a 15 inning game 1913 - Pirates Max Carey goes hitless, but scores 5 runs against Phillies
1920 - Red Sox turn triple-play, but Ruth's 35th HR leads Yanks to 8-2 win
1930 - Phila Athletics triple steal in the 1st & 4th innings vs Cleveland 1939 - NY Yankee Atley Donald sets AL rookie record with 12 consecutive win 1941 - Red Sox Lefty Grove becomes 12th to win 300 games (his last victory) 1949 - St Louis Cardinal Stan Musial hits for thew cycle beating Bkln 14-1
1961 - Maris hits home runs 37, 38, 39 & 40 in a double header 1966 - Yankee manager Casey Stengel elected to Hall of Fame
1972 - NL beats AL 4-3 in 43rd All Star Game (Fulton County Stad, Atlanta) 1978 - Bob Lemon replaces Billy Martin as Yankee manager 1978 - Pete Rose of the Cincinnati Red's broke the National League record for consecutive base hits as he got a hit in 38 straight games
1987 - The Salt Lake City Trappers set a professional baseball record as the team won its 29th game in a row.
1990 - KC Royal George Brett hits for the cycle
Plays, Operas and Musicals, Premiers and Events
1975 - "A Chorus Line," longest-running Broadway show (6,137), premiers
1962 - The Elvis Presley film "Kid Galahad" premiered.
1997 - "Air Force One", with President Harrison Ford, er, James Marshall on board, is skyjacked by some despicable bad guys. The running time of the movie is 188 minutes, which is about 30 minutes too long, but plenty long enough for President Ford, er Marshall to fight his way out of all kinds of impossible situations. Unfortunately, the airplane itself couldn’t be saved. Folks all over the U.S. did fly to their neighborhood theatres to drop off some $37.13 million the first weekend.
1939 - W2XBS TV in New York City presented the first musical comedy seen on TV. The show was "Topsy and Eva".
1942 - Capitol Records first number one hit made it to the top this day. It was one of their first six records released on July 1. The new company’s hit was "Cow Cow Boogie", by Ella Mae Morse and Freddy Slack.
1964 - Beatles' "Hard Day's Night, A," album goes #1 & stays #1 for 14 weeks 1965 - Bob Dylan appeared on stage at the Newport Folk Festival with an electric guitar. He was not well received, even with the classic folk song, "Blowin’ in the Wind". The electrified “poet laureate of a generation” was booed and hissed by the audience for being amplified. He was, in fact, booed right off the stage.
1966 - Supremes release "You Can't Hurry Love"
1970 - Chicago's "25 or 6 to 4" was released.
1971 - The Beach Boys released their album "Surf's Up."
1990 - Rosanne Barr sang the National Anthem in San Diego before a Padres baseball game. She was booed for her performance.
2006 - Metallica put up four albums for sale on iTunes. The albums "Kill 'Em All", "Ride The Lightning", "Master of Puppets" and "...And Just For All" included previously unreleased tracks recorded in Seatle in 1989. Metallica had led the charge against the original Napster online file-sharing service.
Chart Toppers - July 25 1950Bewitched - The Bill Snyder OrchestraMona Lisa - Nat King ColeI Wanna Be Loved - The Andrews SistersI’m Moving On - Hank Snow
1958Hard Headed Woman - Elvis PresleyPoor Little Fool - Ricky NelsonLittle Star - The ElegantsAlone with You - Faron Young
1966Hanky Panky - Tommy James & The ShondellsWild Thing - The TroggsLil’ Red Riding Hood - Sam the Sham & The PharoahsThink of Me - Buck Owens
1974Rock Your Baby - George McCraeAnnie’s Song - John DenverRock and Roll Heaven - The Righteous BrothersMaria Laveau - Bobby Bare
1982Eye of the Tiger - SurvivorRosanna - TotoHurts So Good - John CougarTake Me Down - Alabama
1990She ain’t Worth It - Glenn Medeiros featuring Bobby BrownHold On - En VogueCradle of Love - Billy IdolThe Dance - Garth Brooks
Jul 25 10 6:48 PM
KittenThought for the day :
" We hang the petty thieves and appoint the great ones to public office. " Well now is this a new addition to your history thread? What ever it is, it seems to have a whole lot of truth in it, sad to say.Dusty
Jul 26 10 4:57 PM
Thought for Today:
" There are two sides to every question, politicians take both. "
On This Day In History, July 26
1775 - A postal system was established by the 2nd Continental Congress of the United States. The first Postmaster General was Benjamin Franklin. 1788 - New York became the 11th state to ratify the U.S. Constitution. 1790 - US passes Assumption bill making US responsible for state debts
1835 - 1st sugar cane plantation started in Hawaii 1847 - Liberia declares independence from American Colonization Society 1848 - 1st Woman's Rights Convention (Senecca Falls NY) 1863 - At Salineville, OH John Hunt Morgan & 364 troops surrender 1865 - Patrick Francis Healy is 1st black awarded PhD (Louvain Belgium) 1866 - Canoe Club opens in England 1881 - Thomas Edison and Patrick Kenny execute a patent application for a facsimile telegraph (U.S. Pat. 479,184). 1887 - 1st Esperanto book published 1893 - Commercial production of the Addressograph started in Chicago, IL.
1905 - P Gotz discovers asteroid #568 Cheruskia 1907 - The Chester was launched. It was the first turbine-propelled ship. 1908 - U.S. Attorney General Charles J. Bonaparte issued an order that created an investigative agency that was a forerunner of the FBI.1918 - Race riot in Philadelphia (3 whites & 1 black killed) 1926 - National Bar Association incorporates
1931 - The Midwest and heartland of the United States are in the midst of a bad drought when swarms of grasshoppers descends on crops throughout the American heartland, devastating millions of acres. 1939 - The British government is set for lightening strikes against the IRA ( Irish Republican Army ) to round up over 5,000 suspects to stop the sabotage and terrorist activities now that the new emergency government bill has been passed.
1941 - President Franklin Roosevelt seizes all Japanese assets in the United States in retaliation for the Japanese occupation of French Indo-China. 1943 - 120ø F (49ø C), Tishmoningo, Oklahoma (state record) 1945 - Winston Churchill's Conservative party loses the general election to the Labour Party and Clement Attlee, the Labour leader, is sworn in as the new British leader, Attlee had campaigned on an enlarged system of social services would be created as outlined in the wartime Beveridge Report.
1947 - "The Abe Burrows Show" premiered on CBS radio. 1947 - National Security Act establishes the CIA1947 - U.S. President Truman signed The National Security Act. The act created the National Security Council, the Department of Defense, the Central Intelligence Agency and the Joint Chiefs of Staff.
1948 - U.S. President Truman signed executive orders that prohibited discrimination in the U.S. armed forces and federal employment. 1948 - Pres Truman issues Executive Order No. 9981 directing "equality of treatment & opportunity" in the armed forces 1949 - C A Wirtanen discovers asteroid #1951 Lick
1952 - Eva Peron, died today of a prolonged illness she was known as Evita (Little Eva) to the people of Argentina1952 - King Farouk I of Egypt abdicated in the wake of a coup led by Gamal Abdel Nasser. 1953 - Fidel Castro began his revolt against Fulgencio Batista with an unsuccessful attack on an army barracks in eastern Cuba. Castro eventually ousted Batista six years later. 1953 - Cuban pirate radio station's 1st transmission at Santiago de Cuba 1955 - Ted Allen throws a record 72 consecutive horseshoe ringers 1956 - The Suez Crisis begins when Egyptian President Gamal Abdel Nasser nationalizes the British and French-owned Suez Canal hoping to charge tolls that would pay for construction of of the Aswan dam on the Nile . 1957 - USSR launches 1st intercontinental multistage ballistic missile 1958 - Army launches 4th US successful satellite, Explorer IV 1959 - C Hoffmeister discovers asteroid #2183
1963 - US Syncom 2, 1st geosynchronous communications satellite, launched 1964 - Teamsters president Jimmy Hoffa and six others were convicted of fraud and conspiracy in the handling of a union pension fund. 1964 - Train from Povoa de Varzin, Portugal derails near Oporto, 94 die 1965 - Republic of Maldives gains independence from Britain (Nat'l Day)1969 - Sharon Sites Adams, 39, becomes 1st lady to solo sail the Pacific
1971 - N Chernykh discovers asteroid #1836 Komarov 1971 - Apollo 15 launched (Scott and Irwin) to 4th manned landing on Moon 1974 - USSR's Soyuz fails to dock with Salyut 3 1975 - Soyuz 18B returns to Earth 1978 - The continuing turmoil in South American politics have many in the west concerned for democracy in the area, in just a short time we have seen 1979 - Estimated 109 cm (43") of rain falls in Alvin, TX (national record)
1981 - 2 climbers rappell 550 m down cliff near Angel Falls, Venezuela 1981 - E Bowell discovers asteroids #2845 Franklinken & #2882 Tedesco 1981 - NY Mayor Ed Koch is given Heimlich maneuver in a Chinese restaurant 1982 - Canada's Anik D1 Comsat launched by US Delta rocket 1982 - Karen Dianne Baldwin, 18, of Canada, crowned 31st Miss Universe 1983 - Challenger moves to Vandenberg AFB for mating for STS-8 1983 - Jarmila Kratochvilova of Czech sets 800m woman's record (1:53.28)1984 - Kuhn announces Vida Blue is suspended due to cocaine conviction 1986 - Lebanese kidnappers released Rev Lawrence Martin Jenco 1987 - Stephen Roche wins Tour de France
1990 - President Bush signs Americans With Disabilities Act
1991 - Paul Reubens (Pee Wee Herman) is arrested in Florida, for exposing himself at an adult movie theater 1992 - England honors her dead soldiers in the Falkland Is war 1993 - Boeing 737-500 crashes in South Korea, 66 killed
1994 - Turkish air force bombs Kurds, struggle in Iraq, 70 killed 1994 - Cambodia's Red Khmer surprise attack on train, kills 13 1996 - IBM is given a contract by the Department of Energy to build the worlds most powerful custom supercomputer
1998 - AT&T and British Telecommunications PLC announced they were forming a joint venture to combine international operations and develop a new Internet system. 1999 - 1,500 pieces of Marilyn Monroe's personal items went on display at Christie's in New York, NY. The items went on sale later in 1999. 1999 - A hotel handyman who worked at the Cedar Lodge guest house in Yosemite National Parkin has been arrested on suspicion of killing four women Carole Sund, Silvina Pelosso, Julie Sund and Joie Armstrong. He was found guilty for the murders of four women in Yosemite, California, and in 2002 sentenced to death. He is currently on death row at San Quentin Penitentiary in California.
2005 - Shuttle Discovery STS-114 launches, first flight since Columbia disaster
2006 - An earlier trial verdict of the murder of 5 children by their mother ( Andrea Yates ) which sentenced her to life imprisonment has been overturned, and in the latest verdict she has been cleared by reason of insanity of murdering her five children by drowning them in the bath. She will now be sent to a state mental hospital until she is considered sane enough for release.
2008 - California became the first state to pass a law banning the use of trans fats from being used by restaurants and retailers. The ban was set to start on January 1, 2010. Trans fats had been linked to heart disease, and researchers stated that this ban could reduce up to 19% of heart attack deaths a year.
2009 - India became one of six countries to launch a nuclear submarine. India built the ship with Russian help and the move is thought to have been designed to send a message to China, a country with an increasing naval presence near India.
Religious History Events
1603 James VI of Scotland was crowned King James I of England. He then 'authorized'an English translation of the Scriptures, first published in 1611 and known since as the'King James Version' of the Bible.
1741 English revivalist George Whitefield wrote in a letter: 'Venture daily uponChrist, go out in His strength, and He will enable you to do wonders.'
1869 In England, the Disestablishment Bill was passed, officially dissolving the Churchof Ireland. (Organized opposition to this legislation coined one of longest words in theEnglish language: antidisestablishmentarianism.)
1926 The sanctuary of Our Lady of Victory, in Lackawanna, NY, became the first RomanCatholic church in the U.S. to be consecrated a basilica.
1935 The Open Bible Standard Churches was formed when two smaller revival movementswith similar objectives merged. OBSCI is headquartered today in Des Moines.
1928 - Yanks score 11 runs in 12th beating Tigers 12-1 1933 - Joe Dimaggio ends 61 game hitting streak in Pacific Coast League 1939 - Yankee catcher Bill Dickey hits 3 consecutive HRs
1952 - Mickey Mantle hits his 1st grand-slammer 1957 - Mickey Mantle hits career HR # 200
1967 - Twins beat Yanks 3-2 in 18
1970 - Reds Johnny Bench hits 3 consecutive home runs of Phillies Steve Carlton
1978 - Johnny Bench hits his 300th career home run
1984 - Expos Pete Rose ties Ty Cobb with his 3,052nd single
1987 - Catfish Hunter Billy Williams and Ray Dandridge inducted in Baseball HOF 1988 - Mike Schmidt sets NL record appearing in 2,155 games at 3rd base, as Phillies & NY Mets end that game at 2:13 AM
1990 - US beats the Soviet Union 17-0 in baseball at the Goodwill Games 1990 - Roseanne Barr sings National Anthem at Reds-Padres game 1991 - Expo's Mark Gardner no hits Dodgers for 9 innings, but loses in 10th 1991 - CFL assumes ownership of Ottawa Rough Riders 1992 - Nolan Ryan strikes out his 100th batter for 23rd consecutive seasons
Plays, Operas and Musicals Premiers and Events
1973 - Peter Shaffers "Equus," premieres in London
1948 - Babe Ruth was seen by the public for the last time, when he attended the New York City premiere of the motion picture, "The Babe Ruth Story".
1984 - Prince's movie "Purple Rain" premiered in Hollywood, CA.
2000 - VH-1 premiered the movie "Meatloaf: To Hell and Back."
1948 - 1st black host of a network show-CBS' Bob Howard Show
1966 - WRLH TV channel 31 in Lebanon, New Hampshire (NBC) begins broadcasting
1984 - NBC took a giant step back to the way things were done in the 1950s. NBC started shooting 15-minute episodes of "Punky Brewster" to use when football games spilled over into the Punky time.
1990 - General Hospital tapes its 7,000th episode
1939 - Kay Starr recorded "Baby Me" with Glenn Miller and his orchestra.
1942 - Judy Garland and Gene Kelly to record "For Me and My Gal."
1963 - "Mickey's Monkey" was released by Smokey Robinson & the Miracles. 1968 - John Lennon and Paul McCartney completed the song "Hey Jude." 1969 - The Rolling Stones released the album "Beggar's Banquet."
1975 - Van McCoy and The Soul City Symphony reached the top spot on the "Billboard" record chart for the first -- and only -- time. The disco hit "The Hustle" became the top record in the U.S. The instrumental remained in the reflection of the disco mirror ball for only one week ... though plenty of other disco hits followed. Keep that white suit handy. Disco may just come back!
1979 - A revised version of the Clash's debut album was released in the U.S.
1999 - Clint Black played at "A Night at the Net." The event was a charity doubles tennis match that kicked off the eighth annual Mercedes-Benz Cup.
2000 - A U.S. federal judge issued a preliminary injunction against Napster, Inc. The injunction had been requested by the Recording Industry of Association of America (RIAA). The website was ordered to cease trade in music covered by RIAA member copyrights by midnight July 28, 2000.
Chart Toppers - July 26 1951Too Young - Nat King ColeMy Truly, Truly Fair - Guy MitchellMister and Mississippi - Patti PageI Wanna Play House with You - Eddy Arnold
1959Lonely Boy - Paul AnkaA Big Hunk o’ Love - Elvis PresleyMy Heart is an Open Book - Carl Dobkins, Jr.The Battle of New Orleans - Johnny Horton
1967Windy - The AssociationCan’t Take My Eyes Off You - Frankie ValliLight My Fire - The DoorsWith One Exception - David Houston
1975The Hustle - Van McCoy & The Soul City SymphonyI’m Not in Love - 10ccOne of These Nights - EaglesTouch the Hand - Conway Twitty
1983Every Breath You Take - The PoliceElectric Avenue - Eddy GrantIs There Something I Should Know - Duran DuranPancho and Lefty - Willie Nelson & Merle Haggard
1991Unbelievable - EMF(Everything I Do) I Do It for You - Bryan AdamsP.A.S.S.I.O.N. - Rythm SyndicateI Am a Simple Man - Ricky Van Shelton
Jul 26 10 8:50 PM
Jul 26 10 9:17 PM
" There are two sides to every question, politicians take both. "And never keep the same side when elected even IF they give an answer. LOLDusty
Jul 27 10 6:25 PM
Thought for the Day " Politics is either passing the buck or passing the dough. "
On This Day In History, July 27 432 - St Celestine I ends his reign as Catholic Pope
1214 - At the Battle of Bouvines in France, Philip Augustus of France defeated John of England. 1245 - Frederick II of France was deposed by a council at Lyons, which found him guilty of sacrilege.
1501 - Copernicus formally installed as canon of Frauenberg Cathedral 1586 - Sir Walter Raleigh brings 1st tobacco to England from Virginia
1661 - Parliament confirms the Navigation Act 1663 - The British Parliament passed a second Navigation Act, which required all goods bound for the colonies be sent in British ships from British ports. 1689 - Government forces defeated the Scottish Jacobites at the Battle of Killiecrankie. 1694 - The Bank of England received a royal charter as a commercial institution.
1775 - Benjamin Rush began his service as the first Surgeon General of the Continental Army. 1777 - The marquis of Lafayette arrived in New England to help the rebellious American colonists fight the British. 1778 - The British and French fleets fought to a standoff in the first Battle of Ushant. 1784 - "Courier De L’Amerique" became the first French newspaper to be published in the United States. It was printed in Philadelphia, PA. 1789 - The Department of Foreign Affairs was established by the U.S. Congress. The agency was later known as the Department of State.
1804 - The 12th Amendment to the U.S. Constitution was ratified. With the amendment Electors were directed to vote for a President and for a Vice-President rather than for two choices for President. 1816 - Fort Blount on Apalachicola Bay Fla, attacked by US Troops 1836 - Adelaide, South Australia founded 1837 - US Mint opens in Charlotte, NC
1844 - Fire destroys the US mint at Charlotte, NC
1861 - Union Gen George McClellan took command of Potamic Army 1862 - Steamer "Golden Gate" burns & sinks off west coast of Mexico 1866 - Cyrus Field successfully completed the Atlantic Cable. It was an underwater telegraph from North America to Europe. 1879 - C H F Peters discovers asteroid #200 Dynamene
1880 - Battle of Maiwand, at which Dr Watson was wounded, breaks out 1888 - Philip Pratt unveils 1st electric automobile
1897 - 37.5 cm (14.75") of rainfall, Jewell, Maryland (state 24-hr record) 1898 - Start of Sherlock Holmes "The Adventure of The Dancing Men" (BG) 1909 - Orville Wright set a record for the longest airplane flight. He was testing the first Army airplane and kept it in the air for 1 hour 12 minutes and 40 seconds. 1914 - British troops invaded the streets of Dublin, Ireland, and began to disarm Irish rebels. 1918 - The Socony 200 was launched. It was the first concrete barge and was used to carry oil.1919 - Chicago race riot (15 whites & 23 blacks killed, 500 injured) 1920 - Resolute beats Shamrock IV (England) in 14th running of America's Cup1921 - Canadian biochemist Frederick Banting and associates announced the discovery of the hormone insulin 1924 - 8th Olympic games closes in Paris
1931 - Grasshoppers in Iowa, Nebr & SD destroyed thousands of acres of crops1933 - G Van Biesbroeck discovers asteroid #1312 Vassar 1933 - K Reinmuth discovers asteroid #1284 Latvia
1941 - Japanese forces land in Indo-China 1880 - A P Abourne patents a process for refining coconut oil1944 - U.S. troops completed the liberation of Guam. 1944 - 1st British jet fighter used in combat (Gloster Meteor) 1947 - The World Water Ski Organization was founded in Geneva, Switzerland.1949 - Havilland Comet 40-passenger airliner makes maiden flight 1953 - The armistice agreement that ended the Korean War was signed at Panmunjon, Korea.1954 - Armistice divides Vietnam into two countries 1955 - The Allied occupation of Austria ended. 1955 - Goethe Link Observatory discovers asteroid #1751 Herget
1960 - VP Nixon nominated for pres at Republican convention in Chicago
1962 - Mariner 2 launched to Venus; flyby mission 1962 - Martin Luther King Jr jailed in Albany Georgia
1964 - U.S. President Lyndon Johnson sent an additional 5,000 advisers to South Vietnam. 1965 - In the U.S., the Federal Cigarette Labeling and Advertising Act was signed into law. The law required health warnings on all cigarette packages. 1967 - U.S. President Johnson appointed the Kerner Commission to assess the causes of the violence in the wake of urban rioting. 1967 - Helmond Sport soccer team forms1967 - LBJ sets up commission to study cause of urban violence1967 - US performs nuclear Test at Nevada Test Site1968 - Race Riot in Gary Indiana 1969 - Pioneer 10 launched
1970 - France performs nuclear Test at Muruora Island1972 - NHL star Maurice "Rocket" Richard signs with WHL Quebec Nordiques1972 - The F-15 Eagle flies for the first time.1973 - Walter Blum becomes 6th jockey to ride 4,000 winners 1974 - The U.S. Congress asked for impeachment procedures against President Richard Nixon.1976 - 8.2 Tangshan earthquake kills estimated 240,000 Chinese
1980 - The deposed shah of Iran, Muhammad Riza Pahlavi, died in a hospital near Cairo, Egypt.
1982 - Indian PM Indira Gandhi 1st visit to US in almost 11 years 1983 - 104°F (40.3°C) in Garmersdorf (German record)1986 - Greg Lemond is 1st American to win Tour de France1987 - First expedited salvaging of Titanic wreckage begins by RMS Titanic, Inc. 1987 - John Demjanjuk, accused Nazi "Ivan the Terrible" testifies in Israel
1987 - Freeway shooting incidents were the talk of Los Angeles. Since June 18th there had been nine incidents involving vehicles and guns. Two motorists were actually shot to death and four others were injured. Police psychologists blamed “self-centered attitudes, violence in films and even the breakdown of family...” for the ‘road rage’. Authorities recommended that drivers avoid confrontation. In other words, don’t honk your horn, flash your headlights or wave your middle finger at that S.O.B.! It could be fatal.
1988 - Boston's worst traffic jam in 30 years 1988 - Radio Shack announces the Tandy 1000 SL computer
1990 - Zsa Zsa Gabor begins a 3 day jail sentence for slapping a cop
1992 - Boston Celtics star Reggie Lewis died after collapsing on a Brandeis University basketball court during practice. He was 27 years old. 1993 - IBM's new chairman, Louis V. Gerstner, Jr., announced an $8.9 billion plan to cut the company's costs.
1995 - The Korean War Veterans Memorial was dedicated in Washington, DC, by U.S. President Clinton and South Korean President Kim Young-sam. 1996 - Bomb explodes at Atlanta Olympic Park, 1 killed, 110 injured1996 - David Sales makes 210 on 1st class cricket debut for Northants v Worcs1996 - At the Atlanta Olympics a pipe bomb exploded at the public Centennial Olympic Park. One person was killed and more than 100 were injured.
1999 - The U.S. space shuttle Discovery completed a five-day mission commanded by Air Force Col. Eileen Collins. It was the first shuttle mission to be commanded by a woman.
2001 - The ribbon cutting ceremony was held for American Airlines Center in Dallas, TX. The event set two new world records, one for the 3 mile long ribbon and one for the 2,000 people that cut it.
2003 - It was reported by the BBC (British Broadcasting Corp.) that there was no monster in Loch Ness. The investigation used 600 separate sonar beams and satellite navigation technology to trawl the loch. Reports of sightings of the "Loch Ness Monster" began in the 6th century.
2006 - Intel Corp introduced its Core 2 Duo microprocessors.
2007 - Phoenix News Helicopter Collision: News helicopters from Phoenix, Arizona television stations KNXV and KTVK collide over Steele Indian School Park in central Phoenix while covering a police chase; there were no survivors. This was the first known incidence of two news helicopters colliding in mid-air, and the worst civil aviation incident in Phoenix history.
Religious History 1741 - Birth of Fran‡ois H. Barth‚l‚mon, French Swedenborgian composer. Two of his manyworks later became hymn tunes: AUTUMN (Hail, Thou Once Despised Jesus) and BALERMA (Oh, fora Closer Walk with God).
1861 - Birth of Cyrus H. Nusbaum, an American Methodist clergyman who penned the hymn,'Would You Live for Jesus, and Be Always Pure and Good?' (aka 'His Way With Thee').
1901 - Death of B.F. Westcott, 76, English N.T. scholar. In 1881, he and colleague F.J.A.Hort published the most precise critical text of the Greek New Testament ever compiled --still in use today. 1903 - Death of Caroline (Lina) V. Sandell Berg, 71. Known as the 'Fanny Crosby ofSweden,' her most beloved hymns (in their English translation) include 'Day by Day' and'Children of the Heavenly Father.'
1913 - In Oxford, PA, the first Victorious Life Conference closed. Founder Robert C.McQuilkin, inspired by England's Keswick Movement, emphasized in these meetings anattainment of spiritual freedom from the power of every known sin.
1880 - A P Abourne patents a process for refining coconut oil
Special People Events 1998 - Robert Vaughn received a star on the Hollywood Walk of Fame.
1927 - Mel Ott, 18, hits his 1st league home run (inside the park)
1945 - Cubs purchase pitcher Hank Borowy from NY Yankees1946 - Red Sox Rudy York hits 2 grand slams in 1 game 1947 - Yogi Berri starts record 148 game errorless streak
1953 - Dizzy Dean, Al Simmons Chief Bender, Bobby Wallace, Harry Wright, Ed Barrow, & Bill Klem & Tom Connolly are inducted into Hall of Fame1956 - Jim Laker takes 9-37 in Australia's 1st innings at Manchester1959 - William Shea announces he plans to have a baseball team in NYC in 1961
1970 - Expos beat White Sox 10-6 in the annual Hall of Fame game
1973 - 40th NFL Chicago All Star Game: Miami 14, All Stars 3 (54,103)
1983 - Gaylord Perry joins Nolan Ryan & Steve Carlton to reach 3,500 career strikeouts this season, he also wins his 1st game as a Royal1984 - Pete Rose passed Ty Cobb’s record for most singles in a career when he got his 3,503rd base hit1987 - Salt Lake City Trappers lose 7-5 to Billings Mustangs, ending their professional-record winning streak at 29 consecutive1989 - Atlanta Brave Dale Murphy is 10th to get 6 RBIs in an inning (6th)
1979 - "Broadway Opry '79" opens at St James Theater NYC for 6 performances
1982 - Menken & Ashman's musical "Little Shop of Horrors," premieres in NYC
2000 - HBO aired "NSYNC Live." The show was aired from New York's Madison Square Garden.
Motion Picture Events 1940 - Bugs Bunny made his official debut in the Warner Bros. animated cartoon "A Wild Hare."
1984 - Prince's first movie, "Purple Rain," opened in the U.S.
TV Events 1974 - NBC-TV took "Dinah's Place" off of its daytime programming roster.
1981 - British television: On Coronation Street, Ken Barlow marries Deirdre Langton, proving to be a national event with massive viewer numbers
1991 - TV Guide publishes it's 2000th edition 1993 - NBC TV awarded 1996 Olympic coverage for $456 million
1940 - Billboard magazine starts publishing bestseller charts
1942 - Peggy Lee recorded her first hit record "Why Don’t You Do Right."
1959 - Brothers Santo and Johnny (Farina) of Brooklyn, NY saw their one and only hit record, the instrumental "Sleepwalk" released. "Sleepwalk" was number one for two weeks. Their next song, "Tear Drop", only made it to number 23 on the pop charts. Such is life in the pop music biz.
1974 - Lynyrd Skynyrd's "Sweet Home Alabama" was released. 1974 - John Denver’s biggest hit song reached the top of the "Billboard" singles chart. "Annie’s Song", written for his wife, became the most popular song in the U.S. Denver had three other #1 songs: "Sunshine on My Shoulders", "Thank God I’m a Country Boy" and "I’m Sorry".
1983 - Madonna's self-titled debut album was released. 1983 - Metallica began their first tour entitled "Kill 'em all for
Chart Toppers - July 27 1944I’ll Be Seeing You - The Tommy Dorsey Orchestra (vocal: Frank Sinatra)Swinging on a Star - Bing CrosbyAmor - Bing CrosbyStraighten Up and Fly Right - King Cole Trio
1952I’m Yours - Eddie FisherWalkin’ My Baby Back Home - Johnnie RayAuf Wiedersehn, Sweetheart - Vera LynnAre You Teasing Me - Carl Smith
1960I’m Sorry - Brenda LeeOnly the Lonely - Roy OrbisonItsy Bitsy Teeny Weenie Yellow Polkadot Bikini - Brian HylandPlease Help Me, I’m Falling - Hank Locklin
1968Grazing in the Grass - Hugh MasekelaStoned Soul Picnic - The 5th DimensionHurdy Gurdy Man - DonovanFolsom Prison Blues - Johnn Cash
1976Kiss and Say Goodbye - ManhattansLove is Alive - Gary WrightMoonlight Feels Right - StarbuckTeddy Bear - Red Sovine
1984When Doves Cry - PrinceDancing in the Dark - Bruce SpringsteenGhostbusters - Ray Parker Jr.Just Another Woman in Love - Anne Murray
Jul 28 10 4:38 PM
Thought For Today
" To make pleasures pleasant, shorten them. "
On This Day In History, July 28
0388 - Battle at Aquileja: Emperor Theodosius beats emperor Magnus Maximis
0754 - Pope Stephen II, [III] makes Pippin de Korte, King of France
1148 - Crusaders attack Damascus
1402 - Battle at Ancyra/Angora/Ankara: Timur Lenk beats sultan Bajezid I 1434 - Navigator Gil Eanes leaves Cape Bojador for Lisbon
1540 - English King Henry VIII marries Catharine Howard, his 5th wife 1579 - Cardinal Granvelle returns to Madrid 1586 - Sir Thomas Harriot introduces potatoes to Europe 1588 - Spanish Armada sails to overthrow England's Queen Elizabeth I
1609 - Admiral George Somers settles in Bermuda 1635 - Spanish marshal Piccolomini conquerors Schenkenschans 1683 - Anne Stuart marries prince Georges of Denmark 1696 - De Croissy succeeds Le Plectia as French minister of Finance
1708 - Monarch Amengkurat II [Sunan Mas] of Mataram gives himself up to VOC 1717 - Prussian king Frederik Willem I gives compulsory education to 5-12 yrs 1741 - Capt Bering discovers Mount St Elias, Alaska 1742 - Prussia & Austria sign peace treaty
1808 - Mahmud II succeeds Mustafa IV as sultan of Turkey 1821 - Peru declares independence from Spain (National Day) 1830 - Revolution in France replaces Charles X with Louis Philippe 1849 - Memmon is 1st clipper to reach SF, 120 days out of NY
1851 - Total solar eclipse captured on a daguerreotype photograph 1858 - 1st use of fingerprints as a means of identification is made by 1858 - Nadar takes 1st airborne photo (in a balloon) 1858 - William Herschel of the Indian Civil Service in India
1862 - Confederate forces defeated at More's Hill, Mo 1864 - 2nd day of battle at Deep Bottom Run Virginia 1864 - Battle of Atlanta GA (Ezra Church)-second sortie US700 CS4642
1865 - The American Dental Association proposed its first code of ethics. Procedures like using a welder’s torch to shrink swollen gums were banned. The old string-on-the-doorknob trick to pull loosened teeth was also frowned upon.
1866 - Although its use was not required, the metric system was legalized by the U.S. Congress for the standardization of weights and measures throughout the United States. And we still don’t have it figured out. How many yards in a meter or quarts in a litre?
1868 - 14th Amendment ratified, grants citizenship to ex-slaves 1883 - Shocks triggered by volcano Epomeo (Isle of Ischia, Italy) destroyed 1,200 houses at Casamicciola killing 2,000 1886 - English Salisbury govt forms 1887 - NY Ranger center Mark Messier signs with Vancouver for $20M for 3 yrs 1896 - City of Miami incorporated 1898 - Spanish troops in Ponce, Puerto Rico, surrender 1898 - Start of Sherlock Holmes "Adventure of Retired Colourman"(BG)
1900 - Hamburger created by Louis Lassing in Connecticut 1911 - 96øF (35.6øC) in De Bilt Netherlands 1913 - 12th Davis Cup: USA beats British Isles in Wimbledon (3-2)
1914 - Foxtrot 1st danced at New Amsterdam Roof Garden (NYC, by Harry Fox) 1914 - Minister of Navy W Churchill routes British fleet to Scapa Flow 1914 - World War I began when Austria-Hungary declares war on Serbia 1915 - 10,000 blacks march on 5th Ave (NYC) protesting lynchings 1915 - US forces invade Haiti, stays until 1924 1917 - Silent Parade in NYC to protest murders of blacks in race riots 1919 - Vrije Vakbewegings Internationale (VVI) forms in Amsterdam
1926 - US & Panamanian pact about safeguard of Panama Canal 1928 - 9th Olympic Games open in Amsterdam 1930 - 114øF (46øC), Greensburg, Kentucky (state record) 1931 - Congress makes "Star-Spangled Banner" our 2nd national anthem 1932 - Battle between unemployed war veterans & federal troops, 4 die 1932 - Pres Hoover evicts bonus marchers from their encampment 1933 - Spain recognizes the USSR 1934 - 118øF (48øC), Orofino, Idaho (state record)
1935 - Belgium's Romain Maes, wins Tour de France
1937 - Eddie Paynter scores 322 for Lancashire against Sussex 1937 - Richard Moore scores 316 for Hampshire against Warwickshire 1938 - 34,000-ton Cunard-White Star liner Mauretania launched at Birkenhead 1938 - Bradman scores 202 Aust v Somerset, 225 mins, 32 fours 1939 - 5th Dutch govt of Colijn falls
1940 - Radio Orange, London begins 1942 - Nazis liquidate 10,000 Jews in Minsk Belorussia Ghetto 1942 - Zionists partisans ZOB forms in Poland 1943 - Italian Facist dictator Benito Mussolini resigns 1943 - Pres FDR announces end of coffee rationing in US 1944 - Hitler routes 4 division of South France to Normandy 1944 - US 8th Army corp occupies Coutances France 1945 - Japanese premier Suzuki disregards US ultimatum to surrender 1945 - US Army B-25 crashes into 79th floor of Empire State Bldg, 14 die 1945 - US Senate ratifies UN charter 89-2 1947 - Iuliu Maniu's Boer party becomes forbidden in Romania 1948 - I G Farben chemical plant explodes in Ludwigshafen, Germany, 182 die 1959 - Great-Britain starts using postal codes 1959 - Hawaii's 1st US election sends 1st Asian-Americans to Congress
1960 - Republican National convention selects Richard Nixon as candidate
1962 - 19 die in a train crash in Steelton Pa 1962 - Mariner I launched to Mars falls into Atlantic Ocean 1964 - England all out 611 in reply to Australia's 8-656 Match a draw 1964 - Ranger 7 launched toward the Moon; sent back 4308 TV pictures 1965 - LBJ sends 50,000 more soldiers to Vietnam (total of 125,000)
1967 - Pirate Radio Station 390 (Radio Invicta) (England) closes down
1971 - 16 time gold glover Brook Robinson commits 3 errors in 6th inning 1971 - Dutch ends censorship of "Blue Movie" 1973 - France performs nuclear Test at Muruora Island 1973 - Skylab 3's astronauts (Bean, Garriott & Lousma) launched 1974 - 69 die when packed bus strikes heavy truck (Belem, Brazil) 1976 - 242,000 die in Tientsin-Tangshan (China) 8.2 earthquake 1976 - 8.2 & 7.4 earthquake devastate Tangsha, China (240-750,000 die) 1976 - Eldon Joersz & Geo Morgan set world air speed record of 3,530 kph 1977 - 1st oil through the TransAlaska Pipeline System reach Valdez, Alaska 1977 - Roy Wilkins turn over NAACP leadership to Benjamin L Hooks 1977 - Test Cricket debut of Ian Botham v Aust Trent Bridge, 5-74 1st innings 1978 - Price of gold tops $200-an-oz level for 1st time 1978 - USSR performs nuclear Test at Eastern Kazakh/Semipalitinsk USSR 1979 - France performs nuclear Test
1980 - Peru adopts constitution, Fernando Bela£nde Terry becomes president
1983 - AL Pres Lee MacPhail threw out umpire's decision & allows 1983 - USSR performs nuclear Test at Eastern Kazakh/Semipalitinsk USSR 1983 - NASA launches Telstar-3A 1984 - 23rd modern Olympic games opens in Los Angeles 1985 - Alan Garc¡a sworn in as president of Peru 1985 - L Brock, Slaughter, A Vaughan, & H Wilhelm inducted into Hall of Fame 1986 - Bomb attack in East Beirut, 25 killed 1986 - NASA releases transcript from doomed Challenger, pilot Michael Smith could be heard saying, "Uh-oh!" as spacecraft disintegrated 1987 - Angel Cordero Jr becomes 4th jockey to win 6,000 races 1988 - IBM announces price hike on older models 1988 - Israeli diplomats arrive in Moscow for 1st visit in 21 years 1988 - Jordan cancels $1.3 billion development plan in West Bank 1988 - Winnie Mandella's home in Soweto, South Africa destroyed by arson 1989 - Cards' Vince Coleman is caught stealing ends record streak at 50 1989 - NASA's Lewis Research Center, Cleve, announce new high-temperature superconductors able to operate at 33 to 37 Gigahertz
1990 - Alberto Fujimoro installed as president of Peru 1990 - Blackout hits Chicago 1991 - 29th Tennis Fed Cup: Spain beats USA in Nottingham England (2-1) 1991 - Miguel Indurain of Spain wins Tour de France bicycle race 1995 - Art Modell's rep begins secrets talks to move team to Baltimore
1997 - Mark Messier signs with Vancouver Canucks 1997 - Peter Graf, father of Steffi, enters German jail for tax evasion
1999 - Federal Regulators from the SEC have given until August 1st for Brokerage firms to prove compliance with Y2K or a court order will be obtained to close them down on December 31st.
2061 - 31st recorded perihelion passage of Halley's Comet
1675 Death of Bulstrode Whitelocke 69, an influential English lawyer during theCommonwealth of Oliver Cromwell. Among Whitelocke's last words: 'There has been one truereligion in the world; and that is the work of the Spirit of God in the hearts and soulsof men.'
1881 Birth of J. Gresham Machen, an American Presbyterian theologian who taught atPrinceton and Westminster seminaries. Two of his writings still endure: 'New Testament Greekfor Beginners' (1923) and 'The Virgin Birth of Christ' (1932).
1889 The first Divine Liturgy (worship service) of the Armenian Church in America wascelebrated in Worcester, MA. It was led by Rev. Hovsep Sarajian, himself the first Armenianclergyman to come to America.
1942 Death of W.M. Flinders Petrie, 89, English archaeologist. He was regarded bycolleague William Foxwell Albright as 'the greatest genius among biblical archaeologists.'
1960 American Trappist Thomas Merton wrote in a letter: 'I can depend less and lesson my own power and sense of direction... It is so strange to advance backwards and getwhere you are going in a totally unexpected way.'
1906 - Yankees turn triple-play, beat Cleveland 6-4
1929 - Chicago Cardinals become 1st NFL team to train out of state (Mich)
1931 - White Sox score 11 in 8th to beat Yankees 14-12 1933 - NFL divides into (2) 5 team divisions
1940 - Yankee Charlie Keller hits 3 HRs to beat White Sox 10-9 1952 - Rogers Hornsby replaces Luke Sewell, as Cincinnati Reds manager 1957 - White Sox' James Landis struck out 5 times in a game 1958 - Baltimore Colts wins NFL-championship
1972 - 39th NFL Chicago All Star Game: Dallas 20, All Stars 7 (54,162)
1976 - White Sox John Odom (5 inn) & Francisco Barrios (4 inn) no-hits A's
1978 - 600,000 attend Watkins Glen Summer Jam in NY 1978 - At Old Timer's Game it's announced Martin will again manage Yankees 1979 - Dave Kingman becomes 6th to have a 2nd 3 HR game
1983 - George Brett's 2 run HR against Yanks on July 24 (pine tar game)
1985 - Lou Brock, Enos Slaughter, Hoyt Wilhelm and Arky Vaughn were inducted into the Baseball Hall of Fame at Cooperstown, New York. Wilhelm of the Chicago White Sox was the first relief pitcher to make the Hall of Fame. Vaughn was the first player named Arky to make it...
1988 - Yanks' Tommy John makes 3 errors on 1 play yet beats Brewers 16-3 1989 - Braves Dale Murphy, hits 2 3-run HRs in an inning, 14th man to hit 2 HRs in an inning. Also ties record of 6 RBIs in an inning
1991 - Buffalo Bills beat Phila Eagles, 17-13 in American Bowl in Wembley 1991 - Dennis Martinez pitches the 15th perfect game in baseball history 1992 - Ground breaking of Fla Marlins 7,500 seat spring training stadium 1993 - Mariner Ken Griffey Jr is 3rd to hit HRs in 8 straight games 1994 - Baseball players decide to strike on Aug 12, 1994 1994 - Texas Ranger Kenny Rogers pitches baseball's 12th perfect game 1996 - NY Yankee Darryl Strawberry hits his 300th HR
Plays, Operas, Musicals Premiers and Events
1882 - Opera "Parsifal" is produced (Beirut)
1951 - Walt Disney's "Alice In Wonderland" released
1970 - The movie "Ned Kelly" opened in which Mick Jagger (Rolling Stones) made his acting debut.
2000 - "Nutty Professor II: The Klumps" debuted. Eddie Murphy is (most of) the Klumps: Professor Sherman Klump, Buddy Love, Cletus ‘Papa’ Klump/Young Cletus Klump, Anna Pearl ‘Mama’ Jensen Klump, Ida Mae ‘Grandma/Granny’ Jensen, Ernie Klump Sr., and Lance Perkins. Though complaints abounded about too much “bathroom humor”, the funny, if not filthy, flick did $42.52 million at U.S. box offices the first weekend.
1957 - Jerry Lee Lewis makes his 1st TV appearance (Steve Allen Show)
1995 - Michael Jackson's video "You Are Not Alone" was premiered.
1933 - 1st singing telegram delivered (to Rudy Vallee), NYC 1939 - Judy Garland recorded "Over the Rainbow."
1954 - Ernest Blochs 4th string quartet, premieres
1954 - The Crew Cuts reached the top spot of the "Billboard" pop singles chart with "Sh-Boom (Life Could Be a Dream)". It became the fastest-moving record to hit the music charts, making it to the top ten in only three weeks. The tune stayed atop the pop music listing for seven weeks.
1956 - Elvis Presley scores his second No. 1 hit with "I Want You, I Need You, I Love You." following his April number 1 "Heartbreak Hotel," .
1958 - Three years after his "Cherry Pink and Apple Blossom White" reached number one, Cuban-born bandleader Perez Prado captured the top spot again, with "Patricia". Prado was known as the Mambo King for his popular, Latin-flavored instrumentals.
1989 - Songstress Anne Murray opened the Anne Murray Centre in her hometown of Springhill, Nova Scotia. Packed with awards, photographs, memorabilia and audio-visual highlights of her life and career, the Centre is open every day from mid-May to mid-October.
1994 - Last steel beam is placed on Cleveland's Rock & Roll Hall of Fame
1998 - Mary J. Blige's first album, "What's the 411?", was released.
2000 - A U.S. federal appeals court granted a last minute stay of an injunction that ordered Napster, Inc., to shut down. The order to stop operations came on July 26, 2000.
2001 - The Eagles played the first concert at the American Airlines Center in Dallas, TX.
Chart Toppers - July 28 1945The More I See You - Dick HaymesDream - The Pied PipersSentimental Journey - The Les Brown Orchestra (vocal: Doris Day)Oklahoma Hills - Jack Guthrie
1953Song from Moulin Rouge - The Percy Faith OrchestraApril in Portugal - The Les Baxter OrchestraI’m Walking Behind You - Eddie FisherIt’s Been So Long - Webb Pierce
1961Tossin’ and Turnin’ - Bobby LewisThe Boll Weevil Song - Brook BentonYellow Bird - Arthur Lyman GroupHeartbreak U.S.A. - Kitty Wells
1969In the Year 2525 - Zager & EvansCrystal Blue Persuasion - Tommy James & The ShondellsMy Cherie Amour - Stevie WonderJohnny B. Goode - Buck Owens
1977Looks like We Made It - Barry ManilowI Just Want to Be Your Everything - Andy GibbI’m in You - Peter FramptonIt was Almost like a Song - Ronnie Milsap
1985Everytime You Go Away - Paul YoungShout - Tears For FearsYou Give Good Love - Whitney HoustonLove Don’t Care (Whose Heart It Breaks) - Earl Thomas Conley
Jul 29 10 3:41 PM
362 - Emperor Julianus of Constantinople ends education laws626 - Avaren/Slaves under khagan Bajan begin siege of Constantinople1014 - Battle of Strumitsa-valley: Byzantine destroys Bulgarian armies1030 - Battle at Stiklestad (Trondheim)1179 - Lando Sittino proclaimed (anti-)pope Innocent III1560 - Turkish fleet recaptures Djerba on Spanjaarden1563 - League of High Nobles routes King Philip II1565 - Mary Queen of Scots marries her cousin, Henry Stuart, Lord Darnley1567 - James VI is crowned King of Scotland at Stirling.1579 - Antwerp request union with of Utrecht1579 - King Philip II arrests plotters Antonio Perez & princess van Eboli1585 - Friese academy opens1588 - Attacking Spanish Armada defeated & scattered by English defenders1588 - Duke Farneses troops ready for invasion of England1634 - Dutch fleet under Johannes van Walbeeck lands on Curacao1655 - Biggest townhall in the world opens in Amsterdam1676 - Nathaniel Bacon declared a rebel for assembling frontiersmen to protect settlers from Indians1693 - Battle at Neerwinden: French beats English/Dutch army1693 - War of the Grand Alliance: Battle of Landen - France wins a Pyrrhic victory over Allied forces in the Netherlands.1696 - French king Louis XIV & Victor Amadeua van Savoye signs peace1715 - 10 Spanish treasure galleons sinks off Florida coast by hurricane1751 - 1st international world title prize fight-Jack Stack of England, beats challenger M Petit of France in 29 mins in England1773 - 1st schoolhouse west of Allegheny Mtns completed, Schoenbrunn, OH1783 - Skaptar Volcano on Iceland erupts killing about 9,0001786 - 1st newspaper published west of Alleghanies, Pitts Gazette1793 - John Graves Simcoe decides to build a fort and settlement at Toronto, having sailed into the bay there.1835 - 1st sugar plantation in Hawaii begins1836 - Inauguration of the Arc de Triomphe in Paris.1844 - NY Yacht Club forms1847 - Cumberland School of Law founded in Lebanon, Tennessee, USA. At the end of 1847 only 15 law schools exist in the United States.1848 - Irish Potato Famine: Tipperary Revolt - in Tipperary, an unsuccessful nationalist revolt against British rule is put down by police.1851 - Annibale de Gasparis discovers asteroid 15 Eunomia.1858 - 1st commercial treaty between US & Japan signed1858 - US citizens allowed to live anywhere in Japan1858 - United States and Japan sign the Harris Treaty.1864 - 3rd & last day of battle at Deep Bottom Run, Virginia1864 - Battle of Macon, GA (Stoneman's Raid)1864 - American Civil War: Confederate spy Belle Boyd is arrested by Union troops and detained at the Old Capitol Prison in Washington, DC.1874 - Major Walter Copton Wingfield patents a portable tennis court1899 - 1st motorcycle race, Manhattan Beach, NY1899 - Southern Calif Golf Assn forms1899 - The First Hague Convention is signed.1900 - In Italy, King Umberto I of Italy is assassinated by Italian-born anarchist Gaetano Bresci.1902 - Union of Orthodox Rabbis of US & Canada forms1907 - 1st helicopter ascent in Douai, France1907 - Sir Robert Baden-Powell forms Boy Scouts in England1908 - St Louis Browns Rube Waddell strikes out 16 Phila Athletics1910 - JWEL Hilgers is 1st Dutchman to fly above Dutch territory1913 - Albania becomes sovereignty under prince Wilhelm von Wied1914 - 1st transcontinental phone link made between NYC & SF1914 - Austrian-Hungary bombs Belgrade1914 - British fleet leaves Portland/passes Straits of Dover1914 - Russia mobilize troops along Austrian boundary1916 - Postal check & Girodienst establishes1920 - 1st transcontinental airmail flight from NY to SF1920 - Mexican rebel Pancho Villa surrenders1920 - Construction of the Link River Dam begins as part of the Klamath Reclamation Project.1921 - New rules of language assumed (equal rights Flemings/Walen Belgium)1921 - Adolf Hitler becomes leader of the National Socialist German Workers Party.1923 - Albert Einstein speaks on pacifism in Berlin1923 - KPD holds struggle day against fascism, in Germany1927 - 1st iron lung installed (Bellevue hospital, NY)1929 - Belgium Maurice Dewaele wins Tour de France
1930 - 115°F (46°C), Holly Springs, Mississippi (state record)1930 - Airship R100, 1st passenger-carrying flight from England to Canada1932 - Great Depression: in Washington, DC, U.S. troops disperse the last of the "Bonus Army" of World War I veterans.1937 - Japanese troops occupies Peking & Tientsin1937 - Tongzhou Incident1938 - Comic strip "Dennis the Menace," 1st appears1938 - Olympic National Park forms1940 - Urk soccer team forms1942 - Eastern Blvd in the Bronx renamed Bruckner Blvd1943 - 1 million inhabitants flee Hamburg1943 - Nazi's evacuate Hollandsche Theater in Amsterdam1944 - Allied air force bomb Germany for 6 hours1944 - US 4th Armour division occupiers Avranches1945 - After delivering the Atomic Bomb across the Pacific, the cruiser USS Indianapolis is torpedoed & sunk by a Japanese submarine1947 - Gas leak explodes in a beauty parlor, 10 women die in Harrisonburg Va1948 - King George VI opens 14th modern Olympic games in London1949 - Airlift in West-Germany to West-Berlin ends1949 - BBC radio begins broadcasting1952 - 1st nonstop transpacific flight by a jet1953 - US bombers shot down at north of Wladiwostok1955 - USSR performs nuclear Test1956 - Jacques Cousteau's Calypso anchors in 7,500 m of water (record)1956 - WCKT (now WSVN) TV channel 7 in Miami, FL (IND) begins broadcasting1957 - Floyd Patterson TKOs Tommy Jackson in 10 for heavyweight boxing title1957 - International Atomic Energy Agency forms by UN1958 - Pres Eisenhower signs NASA & Space Act of 19581958 - Southern Pacific Bay ferries stop running1959 - First United States Congress elections in Hawaii as a state of the Union.1961 - Wallis & Futuna Islands become a French overseas territory1965 - Gemini 5 returned after 12d 7h 11m 53s1965 - USSR performs nuclear Test at Eastern Kazakh/Semipalitinsk USSR1966 - Nigerians chief of staff Jakubu Gowon makes coup1967 - Fire aboard carrier USS Forrestal in Gulf of Tonkin kills 1341967 - Moderate quake (6.5) strikes Caracas Venezuela causing severe damage1967 - U S S Forrestal explodes kills 134. $100 million damage1968 - Mount Arenal, Costa Rica kills 80 in Pelee-type eruption1968 - Pope Paul VI, in an encyclical entitled "Humanae Vitae" (Of Human Life), declares any artificial forms of birth control prohibited1969 - Mariner 6 begins transmitting far-encounter photos of Mars1970 - 6 days of race rioting in Hartford Ct1972 - France performs nuclear Test at Muruora Island1973 - Greek plebiscite chooses republic over monarchy1974 - 2nd impeachment vote against Nixon by House Judiciary Committee1974 - Episcopal Church ordained female priests1974 - France performs nuclear Test at Muruora Island1975 - Ford became 1st US pres to visit Nazi concentration camp Auschwitz1975 - Military coup by Gen Mohammed/Pres Jakubu Gowon fired1976 - USSR performs underground nuclear Test1976 - In New York City, the "Son of Sam" kills one person and seriously wounds another in the first of a series of attacks.1978 - Penny Dean swims English Channel in record 7h40m1978 - Pioneer 11 transmits images of Saturn & its rings1981 - Cleveland Metroparks Zoo Amphitheater is dedicated1981 - Iran ex-president Bani Sadr flees to Paris1981 - Prince Charles of England weds Lady Diane Spencer1984 - 23rd Summer Olympics opens in LA1985 - 19th Space Shuttle Mission (51-F)-Challenger 8-launched1986 - Bomb attack in West-Beirut, 30 killed1986 - Dennis Amiss scores his 100th 100, Warwickshire v Lancashire1986 - NY jury rules NFL violated antitrust laws, awards USFL $1 in damages1987 - Ben & Jerry's & Jerry Garcia agree on a new flavor Cherry Garcia1988 - FDIC bails out 1st Republic Bank, Dallas, with $4 billion1988 - Gorbachev pushes plan electing president & parliament in March, 19891988 - Judge orders NASA to release unedited tape from Challenger cockpit1988 - Last US Playboy Club (Lansing Mich) closes1988 - South African govt bans anti-apartheid film "Cry Freedom"1989 - Javier Sotomayor of Cuba sets high jump record (8'0") in San Juan1990 - 26th Curtis Cup: US wins 14-41990 - 28th Tennis Fed Cup: USA beats USSR in Atlanta Georgia (2-1)1990 - South Africa Communist Party begins 1st legal conference1991 - Donald Trump gives Marla Maples a 7½ caret engagement ring1992 - Evgueni Sadovyi swims world record/OR 400m freestyle (3:45.00)1993 - Israeli Court of Appeal overturns (5-0) conviction of John Demjaujuk, saying not enough evidence he is Concentration Camp Ivan the Terrible1994 - 200,000 Moslems demand death to feminist Taslima Nasrin1994 - Corrupt Italian ex-premier Craxi gets 8½ year jail sentenced1994 - H Emans Arubaanse Peoples Party wins parliamentary election1994 - India army kills 27 Moslem militants1994 - Parliamentary election in Aruba1995 - Monica Seles beats Martina Naratilova in her return to tennis1996 - The controversial child protection portion of the Communications Decency Act (1996) is struck down as too broad by a U.S. federal court.2005 - Astronomers announce their discovery of Eris.2006 - The Heat Wave in California which started on July 16th and has reached temperatures of 115 degrees earlier in the week is now believed to have claimed the lives of over 140 people, and caused a massive toll to the state's agricultural industry with damage to peaches, plums, nectarines and walnuts and thousands of livestock lost. An additional burden to California residents has been the loss of power to over a million customers caused through equipment failures.
1775 The U.S. Army Chaplaincy was founded, making it the second oldest branch of thatservice, after the Infantry. 1776 Pioneer Methodist bishop Francis Asbury remarked in his journal: 'My present modeof conduct is...to read about 100 pages a day; usually to pray in public five times aday.... If it were in my power, I would do a thousand times as much for such a gracious andblessed Master.' 1866 Birth of Thomas O. Chisholm, American Methodist pastor, teacher, editor and poet.Of the 1,200 sacred verses he penned, one later became the popular hymn: 'Great Is ThyFaithfulness.' 1905 Birth of Dag Hammarskj”ld, Swedish diplomat and Secretary-General of the U.N.(1953-61). His spiritual journal 'Markings' was published in 1964, three years after hisuntimely death in a plane crash. 1974 The first eleven women priests in the Episcopal Church were ordained inPhiladelphia's Church of the Advocate.
1911 - Boston Red Sox Joe Wood no-hits St Louis Browns, 5-01915 - Pirate Honus Wagner at 41, hits a grand slam HR
1921 - Cleveland's 125th anniversary celebration: Cy Young, 54, pitches 2 inn1927 - Phil Mead scores his 100th 100, Hampshire v Northants1928 - Cleve Indians score 17 in 1st 2 inns to beat Yanks 24-6 at Dunn Field they also set a record with 24 singles in 1 game
1944 - Frank McCormick (Reds) HR off Ace Adams (Giants) in both games of DH
1950 - Pee Wee Reese, hits the 3,000th Dodger home run1955 - Smokey Burgess hits 3 HRS to help Pirates beat Reds 16-51961 - Phillies lose 1st of 23 straight games1965 - Major league record 26 strikeouts, Phillies (16), Pirates (10)1968 - Cincinnati Red George Culver no hits Phillies, 6-11968 - Gram Parson refuses to play with the Byrds in South Africa1968 - Wash DC Ron Hansen makes unassisted triple play vs Cleve1974 - St Louis Card Lou Brock steals his 700th base1978 - On Old Timer's Day, NY Yankees announce that Billy Martin will return as NY Yankee manager in 1980 & Bob Lemon will become GM1983 - Steve Garvey ends his NL record 1,207 consecutive game streak1988 - Baltimore trades Mike Boddicker to the Red Sox for Brady Anderson & Curt Schilling1988 - Rick Sutcliffe swipes home, 1st pitcher since Pascual Perez in 1984 to steal home1989 - Phillies retire Steve Carlton's # 321989 - Vince Coleman, record streak stopped at 50 straight stolen bases1989 - White Sox trade Harold Baines to Rangers for Scott Fletcher & Sam Sosa1990 - Boston Red Sox set major league record with 12 doubles in a game1991 - 1st Sunday Night game at Shea Stadium (Mets beat Cubs 6-0)1991 - Yankee Stadium fans throw cups & blowup dolls at Jose Canseco1993 - Cin Red pitcher Thomas Browning arrested for marijuana possession1995 - Carolina Panthers beat Jacksonville Jaguars in their 1st NFL exhibition game 20-14Plays, Operas and Musicals Premiers and Events
1980 - David Bowie opened in the title role of "Elephant Man."
1928 - Walt Disney's "Steamboat Willie" is released1950 - RKO pictures released the Walt Disney adaptation of the Robert Louis Stevenson literary classic, "Treasure Island".
1965 - Beatles movie "Help" premieres, Queen Elizabeth attends
1936 - RCA shows 1st real TV program (dancing, film on locomotives, Bonwit Teller fashion show & monologue from Tobacco Road & comedy)1974 - Jim Hartz was named to join Barbara Walters as co-host of the "Today" show on NBC. Hartz had been the original host of the popular morning TV show. Others who have hosted the show which has aired since 1952 include Dave Garroway, John Chancellor, Hugh Downs, Frank McGee, Tom Brokaw, Bryant Gumbel, Katie Couric and Matt Lauer1981 - Millions of people around the world watched on television as England’s Prince Charles and Lady Diana Spencer took center stage amidst the pomp and splendor of their royal wedding at St. Paul’s Cathedral in London. The ceremony took place in the wee small hours of the morning in America, but was still a ratings success, with coverage on all networks. 2,500 guests were in actual attendance.
1983 - "Friday Night Videos" premieres on NBC TV
Music Events1959 - The Isley Brothers recorded "Shout." 1963 - Peter, Paul and Mary's "Blowin' In The Wind" was released. 1967 - The Temptations' "You're My Everything" was released. 1973 - $180,000 in Led Zeppelin receipts are robbed from NY Hilton1978 - 600,000 attend "Summer Jam" rock festival, Watkins Glen, NY1978 - Kenny Loggins "Whenever I Call You Friend" was released. 1981 - The debut album "Time" was released by The Time. 1987 - Michigan's governor announced an annual "Four Tops Day." 1995 - Bandleader Les Elgart died. He was 76 years old. Elgart’s recording of "Bandstand Boogie" (1954) was adopted by Dick Clark as the theme for "American Bandstand". Elgart also had two top-selling albums: "The Elgart Touch" (1956) and "For Dancers Also" (1957). He often jointly led a band with his brother Larry in the 1950s and 1960s.
Chart Toppers - July 29 1946They Say It’s Wonderful - Frank SinatraThe Gypsy - The Ink SpotsSurrender - Perry ComoNew Spanish Two Step - Bob Wills1954Sh-Boom - The Crew CutsIf You Love Me (Really Love Me) - Kay StarrThe Little Shoemaker - The GaylordsEven Tho - Webb Pierce1962Roses are Red - Bobby VintonThe Wah Watusi - The OrlonsSealed with a Kiss - Brian HylandWolverton Mountain - Claude King1970(They Long to Be) Close to You - CarpentersBand of Gold - Freda PayneMake It with You - BreadWonder Could I Live There Anymore - Charley Pride1978Shadow Dancing - Andy GibbBaker Street - Gerry RaffertyMiss You - The Rolling StonesOnly One Love in My Life - Ronnie Milsap1986Sledgehammer - Peter GabrielDanger Zone - Kenny LogginsGlory of Love - Peter CeteraOn the Other Hand - Randy Traviskittencaboudle
Jul 30 10 5:49 PM
1998 - A world-record Powerball jackpot of $295.7 million was won by a group of 13 machinists who worked together in Westerville, Ohio. The group chose the cash option, and received a lump-sum payment of $161.5 million dollars.
1999 - Richard Gere (Ike Graham) and Julia Roberts (Maggie Carpenter) star in "Runaway Bride", which opened this day. The romantic comedy scored big with movie crowds, doing $35.06 million during its first weekend.
1987 - NBC’s "L.A. Law" was nominated for 20 Emmy Awards, one shy of the record for nominations. "Hill Street Blues" was the recordholder (in the 1981-1982 season). "L.A. Law" had only been on the air a year when it earned four out of the 20 Emmys.
1942 - Frank Sinatra recorded the last of 90 recordings with the Tommy Dorsey Orchestra on Victor Records. His last side was "There are Such Things", which became number one in January of 1943. Sinatra moved on to Columbia Records (1943-1952) as a solo singing sensation.
1956 - Singer Brenda Lee recorded her first hit for Decca Records. "Jambalaya" and "Bigelow 6-200" started a new career for the petite 11-year-old from Lithonia, GA (near Atlanta). Brenda Mae Tarpley (Brenda Lee) had been singing professionally since age six. She recorded 29 hit songs in the 1960s and became a successful country singer in 1971. Brenda Lee had a pair of number one tunes with "I’m Sorry" and "I Want to be Wanted". She recorded a dozen hits that made it to the top 10.
Jul 31 10 2:37 PM
His original intention was to sell the machines, not the biscuits. He returned to Denver and began distributing the biscuits from a horse-drawn wagon in an attempt to popularize the idea. There he founded The Cereal Machine Company. In 1895, Perky received United States Patent Number 548,086, dated 15 October 1895.
The biscuits proved more popular than the machines, so Perky moved East and opened his first bakery in Boston, Massachusetts and then in Worcester, Massachusetts in 1895, retaining the name of The Cereal Machine Company, and adding the name of The Shredded Wheat Company.
Whether he developed his ideas on nutrition before the machine or after, Perky was a food faddist who believed the fundamental issue was how to nourish a man so that his condition will be natural. Although John Harvey Kellogg and Charles William Post are better known, Perky was a pioneer of the "cookless breakfast food" and it was he who first mass produced and nationally distributed ready-to-eat cereal. By 1898, shredded wheat was being sold all over North and South America and Europe.
In 1901, drawn by the idea of inexpensive electrical power for baking, and the natural draw of a popular tourist attraction, he hired Edward A. Deeds to build a new plant at Niagara Falls, New York. Deeds became a director of the National Food Company. Perky invited a large number of notables to a special luncheon. Canadian author Pierre Berton describes the bill of fare: "...a Shredded Wheat drink, Shredded Wheat biscuit toast, roast turkey stuffed with Shredded Wheat, and Shredded Wheat ice cream". The factory itself was called "The Palace of Light", and was white-tiled, air-conditioned, well-lit with floor to ceiling windows, and equipped with showers, lunchrooms (a free lunch for women – men had to pay 10¢), and auditoriums for the employees. It even had a roof garden with a view of the Falls. A representation of the factory appeared on the Shredded Wheat boxes for decades.In 1902, Perky retired from the company and disposed of his interest. He published a book on nutrition and oral hygiene, Wisdom vs. Foolishness, that went through at least ten editions. Having made his fortune, the following year Perky arrived in Glencoe, Maryland and began purchasing large tracts of land in the region. His dream was to build a boarding school for men and women that would offer an innovative curriculum of scientific farming and domestic science subjects free of tuition. The main building was completed, elaborate brochures were printed and a few students had enrolled. The plans for the dedication were in place when Perky died days before the grand opening and the Oread School never opened.
1908, the company again took the name of The Shredded Wheat Company, and another factory was built in Niagara Falls. A third plant was added in Niagara Falls, Ontario in 1904, known as The Canadian Shredded Wheat Company. By 1915 The Pacific Coast Shredded Wheat Company had been added in Oakland, California, and by 1925, a factory in England, outside London in Welwyn Garden City, had joined the family.
In December 1928, the company was sold to The National Biscuit Company. The product name changed to Nabisco Shredded Wheat around 1941. Production of Shredded Wheat was begun in Naperville, Illinois in 1970. All the other plants remained in operation, until 1954, when the original "Palace of Light" was shut down.Henry D. Perky died on June 29, 1906 at his farm in Glencoe. His obituary stated that he had been ill for a long time and that a fall from a horse a month earlier had hastened his death. He is buried in Glencoe, Maryland.
Shredded Wheat has a particular place in UK popular culture due to a long-running TV advertising campaign. The Three Shredded Wheat advert suggested that the cereal was so nourishing that it was impossible to eat three. Even a black hole was shown as exploding when the third biscuit was sucked into it. Phrases such as I bet you can't eat three and He must have eaten three were in common use as humorous remarks in the 1970s. A later UK poster advert for Carling Black Label showed a bowl with four Shredded Wheat and the caption "I bet he drinks Carling Black Label".
Bernard Manning, the UK comedian, made this into a joke: Why does Arthur Scargill eat three Shredded Wheat? Answer: He eats two, the other one he puts on his head; (Scargill was known for having a particularly bad comb over).
In the United States Supreme Court case Kellogg Co. v. National Biscuit Co. (1938), National Biscuit Co. sued Kellogg, attempting to enjoin Kellogg from using shredded wheat as a trade name and from manufacturing the cereal in its pillow-shaped form. The Supreme Court ruled that shredded wheat was generic and not trademarkable; and that in any case, when the first patent for shredded wheat machinery expired in 1912, the right to apply the name "shredded wheat" to the product passed into the public domain along with that patent.
1964 - Country Music Hall of Famer Jim Reeves died when his single-engine Beechcraft crashed near Nashville, TN. Gentleman Jim started as a DJ, first at KGRI in Henderson, Texas; then at KWKH in Shreveport, LA (the home of the "Louisiana Hayride" in the early 1950s). His first hit was "Mexican Joe" in 1953. Reeves became a member of the Grand Ole Opry in 1955. He had his own TV series on ABC in 1957. He was in the 1963 film, "Kimberley Jim". Reeves bought a radio station in Henderson, Texas, which became very successful. Hits by Jim Reeves include "Four Walls", "He’ll Have to Go", "I’m Getting Better", "Am I Losing You", "Welcome to My World" and "I Guess I’m Crazy".
Aug 1 10 12:55 PM
Aug 2 10 1:25 PM
In 1855, at the age of 18, Hickok moved to Kansas Territory following a fight with Charles Hudson, which resulted in both falling into a canal. Mistakenly thinking he had killed Hudson, Hickok fled and joined General Jim Lane's vigilante "Free State Army" (The Red Legs) where he met 12-year-old William Cody, later to be known as "Buffalo Bill," who at that time was a scout for Johnston's Army.
Because of his "sweeping nose and protruding upper lip," Hickok was nicknamed "Duck Bill." In 1861, after growing a mustache following the McCanles incident, he began calling himself Wild Bill. Despite all Hickok photographs indicating he had dark hair, all contemporary descriptions confirm he was in fact golden blonde. Reddish shades in hair appeared black in early wet and dry plate photography.
For unknown reasons, Hickok used the name William Hickok from 1858 and then William Haycock during the Civil War. Arrested as Haycock in 1865, he then resumed his real name of James Hickok. Interestingly, most newspapers continued to use the name William Haycock when referring to "Wild Bill" until 1869 despite military records after 1865 using his correct name while acknowledging he was also known as Haycock.In 1857, Hickok claimed a 160-acre (65 ha) tract in Johnson County, Kansas (in what is now Lenexa). On March 22, 1858, he was elected as one of the first four constables of Monticello Township, Kansas. In 1859 he joined the Russell, Waddell, and Majors freight company called the Pony Express. The following year he was badly injured by a bear and sent to the Rock Creek Station in Nebraska (which the company had recently purchased from David McCanles) to work as a stable hand while he recovered. In 1861 he was involved in a deadly shootout with the McCanles Gang at the Rock Creek Station after 40-year-old David McCanles, his 12-year-old son (William) Monroe McCanles, and two farmhands, James Woods and James Gordon, called at the station's office to demand payment of an overdue second installment on the property, an event that is still the subject of much debate. David McCanles "called out" Wild Bill from the Station House. Wild Bill emerged onto the street, immediately drew one of his .36 caliber SA Navy revolvers, and, at a 75-yard stand-off distance, fired a single shot into McCanles's chest, killing him instantly (ref. Am. Handgunner). Hickok and his accomplices, the station manager Horace Wellman, his wife, and an employee, J.W. Brink, were tried but judged to have acted in self-defense.
According to Joseph G. Rosa, a Hickok biographer, the shot that felled the elder McCanles came from inside the house, a tale Wild Bill's friends invented to keep the law and McCanles' extended family off Wild Bill (extended generational member). It remains unknown who actually fired it. Rosa conjectures that Wellman had far more motive to kill McCanles, a belief supported by McCanles's son's own account. There were also women in the house, conceivably armed with shotguns. McCanles was the first man Hickok was reputed to have killed in a fight. On several later occasions, Hickok was to confront and kill several men while fighting alone.When the Civil War broke out in April 1861, Hickok signed on as a teamster for the Union Army in Sedalia, Missouri, and by the end of the year he was a wagonmaster. In September 1862 he was discharged for an undisclosed reason and there are no records of his whereabouts until late 1863, when he was employed by the Provost Marshal of South-West Missouri as a member of the Springfield detective police. It has been speculated that during the "missing year", Hickok may have been operating as a spy in Southern territory.
Hickok's duties as a police detective were mostly mundane and included counting the number of troops in uniform drinking while on duty, checking hotel liquor licenses and tracking down individuals in debt to the Union to facilitate repayment. In 1864 Hickok and the other detectives had not been paid for some time, and Hickok either resigned or was reassigned as he was hired as a scout by General John B. Sanborn at five dollars a day plus a horse and equipment. In June 1865, Hickok was mustered out and spent his time in and around Springfield gambling.
On July 21, 1865, in the town square of Springfield, Missouri, Hickok killed Davis Tutt, Jr. in a "quick draw" duel. Fiction later typified this kind of gunfight, but Hickok's is in fact the first one on record that fits the portrayal.
Hickok first met former Confederate Army soldier Davis Tutt in early 1865, while both were gambling in Springfield. Hickok often borrowed money from Tutt. They were originally good friends, but they eventually fell out over a woman, and it was rumored that Hickok once had an affair with Tutt's sister, perhaps fathering a child. This was likely exacerbated by the fact that there was a long-standing dispute over Hickok's girlfriend, Susannah Moore. Hickok refused to play cards with Tutt, who retaliated by financing other players in an attempt to bankrupt him.
According to the accepted account, the dispute came to a head when Tutt was coaching an opponent of Hickok's during a card game. Hickok was on a winning streak and Tutt, frustrated, requested that he repay a $40 loan, which Hickok did. Tutt then demanded another $35 owed from a previous card game. Hickok refused, as he had "a memorandum" proving it to be for $25. Tutt then took Hickok's watch, which was lying on the table, as collateral for the $35, at which point Hickok warned him not to wear it or he, Hickok, would shoot him. The next day, Tutt appeared in the square wearing the watch prominently, and Hickok tried to negotiate the watch's return. Tutt stated that he would now accept no less than $45, but both agreed that they would not fight over it and went for a drink together. Tutt left the saloon but returned to the square at 6 p.m., while Hickok arrived on the other side and warned him not to approach him while wearing the watch. Both men faced each other sideways in the dueling position and both fired almost simultaneously. Tutt's shot missed, but Hickok's didn't, piercing Tutt through the side from about 75 yards away. Tutt called out, "Boys, I'm killed" and ran onto the porch of the local courthouse and then back to the street, where he collapsed and died.
Hickok was arrested for murder two days later; however, the charge was later reduced to manslaughter. He was released on $2,000 bail and stood trial on August 3, 1865. At the end of the trial, Judge Sempronius Boyd gave the jury two contradictory instructions. He first instructed the jury that a conviction was its only option under the law. He then instructed them that they could apply the unwritten law of the "fair fight" and acquit. The jury voted for acquittal, a verdict that was not popular at the time.
Several weeks later, Hickok was interviewed by Colonel George Ward Nichols, and the interview was published in Harper's New Monthly Magazine. Using the name "Wild Bill Hitchcock" (sic), the article recounted the hundreds of men whom Hickok supposedly personally killed and other exaggerated exploits. The article was controversial wherever Hickok was known, and it led to several frontier newspapers' writing rebuttals. As can be seen in this account, not counting Indians, Hickok killed five men (one by accident), was an accessory in the deaths of three more, and wounded one. Hickok was reported to be an inveterate hater of Indians, but it is difficult to separate fact from fiction. Witnesses confirm that while scouting from Fort Harker Kansas on May 11, 1867, Hickok was attacked by a large group of Indians, who fled after Hickok shot and killed two. In July, Hickok told a newspaper reporter he had led several soldiers in pursuit of Indians who had killed four men near the fort on 2 July. He reported returning with five prisoners after killing ten. Witnesses confirm the story was true in part: The party did set out to find those who had killed the four men, but the group returned to the fort without nary a dead Indian, neither even seeing a live one.
In September 1865, Hickok came in second in the election for City Marshal of Springfield. Leaving Springfield, he was recommended for the position of Deputy United States Marshal at Fort Riley Kansas. This was at the time of the Indian Wars that counted the Great Plains as a battleground, and Hickok sometimes served as a scout for George A. Custer's 7th Cavalry.
In 1867, Hickok took a break from the west and moved to Niagara Falls, where he tried his hand at acting in a stage play called "The Daring Buffalo Chases of the Plains." He proved to be a terrible actor and returned to the West, where he ran for sheriff in Ellsworth County, Kansas, on November 5, 1867, but was defeated by former soldier E.W. Kingsbury.
In December 1867, newspapers reported Hickok's arrival in Hays, Kansas. On 28 March 1868, he was again in Hays as a deputy U.S. Marshall, picking up 11 Union deserters charged with stealing government property to be transferred to Topeka for trial. He requested a military escort from Fort Hays and was assigned William F. Cody, a sergeant and five privates, with the group arriving in Topeka on 2 April. Hickok was still in Hays in August 1868 when he brought 200 Cheyenne to Hays to be viewed by excursionists. On September 1, Hickok was in Elkhorn township in Lincoln County, Kansas, where he was hired as a scout by the 10th Cavalry Regiment, a segregated African-American unit. On 4 September, Hickok was wounded in the foot while rescuing several cattlemen in the Bijou Creek Basin who were surrounded by Indians. The 10th arrived at Fort Lyon, Colorado, in October and remained for the rest of 1868.
In July 1869, Hickok was back in Hays and was elected sheriff and city marshal of Ellis County, Kansas, in a special election, on August 23, 1869.. The county was having particular difficulty holding sheriffs—three had quit over the previous 18 months. It is likely that Hickok was already acting sheriff when elected as a newspaper reported him arresting offenders on 18 August and the commander of Fort Hays praised Hickok for his work in apprehending deserters in a letter he wrote to the Assistant Adjutant General on 21 August. However, the "special election" may not have been legal, as a letter dated 17 September to the Governor of Kansas noted that Hickok had presented a warrant for an arrest which was rejected by the Fort Hays commander because when asked to produce his commission Hickok admitted he never had one. Ellis county elections were held on 2 November 1869, and Hickok (Independent) lost to his deputy Peter Lanihan (Democrat). Hickok and Lanihan remained, respectively, sheriff and deputy as Hickok accused J.V. Macintosh of irregularities and misconduct during the election. On 9 December, Hickok and Lanihan both served legal papers on Macintosh and local newspapers acknowledged that Hickok had guardianship of Hays City.
In his first month as sheriff in Hays, he killed two men in gunfights. The first, on 24 was Bill Mulvey, who "got the drop" on Hickok. Hickok looked past him and yelled, "'Don't shoot him in the back; he is drunk," which was enough distraction to allow him to win the fight. The second was cowboy Samuel Strawhun after Hickok and Deputy Sheriff Lanihan had been called to a saloon where Strawhun was causing a disturbance at 1am on 27 September. After Strawhun made remarks against Hickok, Strawhun died instantly from a bullet through the head as Hickok tried to restore order. At Strawhuns inquest, despite "very contradictory" evidence from witnesses, the jury found the shooting justifiable.
On July 17, 1870, also in Hays, he was involved in a gunfight with disorderly soldiers of the 7th U.S. Cavalry. Two troopers, Jeremiah Lonergan and John Kile (Kyle), set upon Hickok in a saloon. Lonergan pinned Hickok to the ground while Kile put his gun to Hickok's ear; however, it misfired, allowing Hickok to reach his own guns. Lonergan was shot in the knee while Kile, who was shot twice, died the next day. He later failed to win reelection. On April 15, 1871, Hickok became marshal of Abilene, Kansas, taking over for former marshal Tom "Bear River" Smith, who had been killed on November 2, 1870. The outlaw John Wesley Hardin was in Abilene in 1871, and was befriended by Hickok. In his 1895 autobiography (published after his own death and 19 years after Hickok's), Hardin claimed to have disarmed Hickok using the famous road agent's spin during a failed attempt to arrest him for wearing his pistols in a saloon. He further claimed that Hickok, as a result, had two guns cocked and pointed at him. This story is considered to be apocryphal or at the very least an exaggeration, as Hardin claimed this at a time when Hickok couldn't defend himself. Hardin was an extremely accomplished gunfighter and was known to have killed over 40 men in his lifetime; he in turn idealized Hickok and identified with Wild Bill. It is also recorded that when Hardin's cousin Mannen Clements was jailed for the killing of two cowboys, Hickok, at Hardin's request, arranged for his escape.
While working in Abilene, Hickok and Phil Coe, a saloon owner, had an ongoing dispute that later resulted in a shootout. Coe had been the business partner of known gunman Ben Thompson, with whom he co-owned the Bulls Head Saloon. On October 5, 1871, Hickok was standing off a crowd during a street brawl, during which time Coe fired two shots. Hickok ordered him to be arrested for firing a pistol within the city limits. Coe explained that he was shooting at a stray dog but suddenly turned his gun on Hickok, who fired first and killed Coe. Hickok caught the glimpse of movement of someone running toward him and quickly fired two shots in reaction, accidentally shooting and killing Abilene Special Deputy Marshal Mike Williams, who was coming to his aid, an event that haunted Hickok for the remainder of his life. There is another account of the Coe shootout. Theophilus Little, mayor of Abilene and owner of the town's lumberyard, recorded his time in Abilene by writing in a notebook that was recently given to the Abilene Historical Society. Writing in 1911, he detailed his admiration of Hickok and included a paragraph on the shooting that differs considerably from the accepted account.
"-"Phil" Coe was from Texas, ran the "Bull’s Head" a saloon and gambling den, sold whiskey and men’s souls. A vile a character as I ever met for some cause Wild Bill incurred Coe’s hatred and he vowed to secure the death of the Marshall. Not having the courage to do it himself, he one day filled about 200 cowboys with whiskey intending to get them into trouble with Wild Bill, hoping that they would get to shooting and in the melee shoot the marshal. But Coe "reckoned without his host." Wild Bill had learned of the scheme and cornered Coe, had his two pistols drawn on Coe. Just as he pulled the trigger one of the policemen rushed around the corner between Coe and the pistols and both balls entered his body, killing him instantly. in an instant, he pulled the triggers again sending two bullets into Coe's abdomen (Coe lived a day or two) and whirling with his two guns drawn on the drunken crowd of cowboys, "and now do any of you fellows want the rest of these bullets." Not a word was uttered."
"-"Phil" Coe was from Texas, ran the "Bull’s Head" a saloon and gambling den, sold whiskey and men’s souls. A vile a character as I ever met for some cause Wild Bill incurred Coe’s hatred and he vowed to secure the death of the Marshall. Not having the courage to do it himself, he one day filled about 200 cowboys with whiskey intending to get them into trouble with Wild Bill, hoping that they would get to shooting and in the melee shoot the marshal. But Coe "reckoned without his host." Wild Bill had learned of the scheme and cornered Coe, had his two pistols drawn on Coe. Just as he pulled the trigger one of the policemen rushed around the corner between Coe and the pistols and both balls entered his body, killing him instantly. in an instant, he pulled the triggers again sending two bullets into Coe's abdomen (Coe lived a day or two) and whirling with his two guns drawn on the drunken crowd of cowboys, "and now do any of you fellows want the rest of these bullets." Not a word was uttered."
Coe supposedly stated that he could "kill a crow on the wing," and Hickok's retort is one of the West's most famous sayings (though possibly apocryphal): "Did the crow have a pistol? Was he shooting back? I will be." Hickok was relieved of his duties as marshal less than two months after having accidentally killed deputy Mike Williams, allegedly owing to this incident's being only one of a series of questionable shootings and claims of misconduct.
Hickok's favorite guns were a pair of cap-and-ball Colt 1851 .36 Navy Model pistols, which he wore until his death. These were silver-plated with ivory handles, and were engraved: "J.B. Hickock-1869". He wore his revolvers backwards in a belt or sash (when donning city clothes or buckskins, respectively), and seldom used holsters per se; he drew the pistols using a "reverse", "twist" or Cavalry draw, as would a cavalryman.In 1873, Buffalo Bill Cody and Texas Jack Omohundro invited Hickok to join them in a new play called Scouts of the Plains after their earlier success. Hickok and Texas Jack eventually left the show, before Cody formed his Buffalo Bill's Wild West Show in 1882.
In 1876, Hickok was diagnosed by a doctor in Kansas City, Missouri, with glaucoma and ophthalmia, a condition that was widely rumored at the time by Hickok's detractors to be the result of various sexually transmitted diseases. In truth, he seems to have been afflicted with trachoma, a common vision disorder of the time. It was apparent that his marksmanship and health had been suffering for some time, as he had been arrested several times for vagrancy, despite earning a good income from gambling and displays of showmanship only a few years earlier. On March 5, 1876, Hickok married Agnes Thatcher Lake, a 50-year-old circus proprietor in Cheyenne, Wyoming Territory. Hickok left his new bride a few months later, joining Charlie Utter's wagon train to seek his fortune in the gold fields of South Dakota. Martha Jane Cannary, known popularly as Calamity Jane, claimed in her autobiography that she was married to Hickok and had divorced him so that he could be free to marry Agnes Lake, but no records have been found that support Jane's account. It is believed that the two met for the first time after Jane was released from the guardhouse in Fort Laramie and joined the wagon train that Hickok was traveling with. The wagon train arrived in Deadwood in July 1876. Jane herself confirmed this account in an 1896 newspaper interview, although she claimed that she had been hospitalized with illness rather than in the guardhouse.
Shortly before Hickok's death, he wrote a letter to his new wife, which reads in part: "Agnes Darling, if such should be we never meet again, while firing my last shot, I will gently breathe the name of my wife — Agnes — and with wishes even for my enemies I will make the plunge and try to swim to the other shore."Wild Bill had a premonition that Deadwood would be his last camp and expressed this belief to his friend Charlie Utter (also known as Colorado Charlie), and the others who were traveling with them at the time.
On August 2, 1876, Hickok was playing poker at Nuttal & Mann's Saloon No. 10 in Deadwood, in the Black Hills, Dakota Territory. On this fateful day Wild Bill violated one of his own cardinal rules and was sitting with his back to a door. Twice he asked Rich to change seats with him and on both occasions Rich refused.
Wild Bill was having a run of bad luck that day and was forced to borrow a poker stake from the bartender. That run of bad luck worsened when an ex-buffalo hunter called John (“Broken Nose Jack”) McCall walked in unnoticed. Jack McCall walked to within a few feet of Wild Bill and then suddenly drew a pistol and shouted, “Take that!” before firing.
The bullet hit Hickok in the back of the head, killing him instantly. The bullet emerged through Wild Bill’s right cheek striking Captain Massie in the left wrist. Legend has it that Hickok had lost his stake and had just borrowed $50 from the house to continue playing. When shot, he was holding a pair of aces and a pair of eights, all black. The fifth card is debated, or, as some say, had been discarded and its replacement had not yet been dealt.Other cards have been mentioned, but there are four main suggestions for the fifth card.Jack of Diamonds—according to the transcripts of McCall's second trial.Nine of Diamonds—contemporary newspaper eyewitness account.Five of Diamonds —the town of Deadwood claims this to be the card.Queen of Clubs —Ripley's Believe It Or Not.Owing to the number of poker players who died during disputes, Dead man's hand was already established poker idiom for a number of a different hands long before Hickok died. In 1886, ten years after Hickok's death, the Dead man's hand was explained as being three Jacks and a pair of Tens in a North Dakota newspaper which attributed the term to a specific game held in Illinois 40 years earlier, indicating that Hickok's hand had yet to gain widespread popularity. Eventually, Hickok's "Aces and eights" became widely accepted as the "Dead Man's Hand." In 1979 Hickok was inducted into the Poker Hall of Fame.
The motive for the killing is still debated. McCall may have been paid for the deed, or it may have been the result of a recent lovers quarrel between the two. Most likely McCall became enraged over what he perceived as a condescending offer from Hickok to let him have enough money for breakfast after he had lost all his money playing poker the previous day. At the resulting two-hour trial by a miners jury (an ad hoc local group of assembled miners and businessmen), McCall claimed that he was avenging Hickok's earlier slaying of his brother, which may have been true. A Lew McCall is known to have been killed by a lawman in Abilene, but it is unknown if he was related, and the name of the lawman was not recorded. McCall was acquitted of the murder, resulting in the Black Hills Pioneer editorializing: "Should it ever be our misfortune to kill a man ... we would simply ask that our trial may take place in some of the mining camps of these hills." Calamity Jane was reputed to have led a mob that threatened McCall with lynching, but at the time of Wild Bill’s death, Jane was being held by military authorities.
McCall was subsequently rearrested after bragging about his deed, and a new trial was held. The authorities did not consider this to be double jeopardy because at the time Deadwood was not recognized by the U.S. as a legitimately incorporated town, as it was in Indian Country and the jury was irregular. The new trial was held in Yankton, capital of the territory. Hickok's brother, Lorenzo Butler Hickok, traveled from Illinois to attend the retrial and spoke to McCall after the trial, noting that he showed no remorse. This time McCall was found guilty. Reporter Leander Richardson interviewed Hickok shortly before his death and helped bury him. Richardson wrote of the encounter for the April 1877 issue of Scribner's Monthly, in which he mentions McCall's second trial.
"As I write the closing lines of this brief sketch, word reaches me that the slayer of Wild Bill has been re-arrested by the United State authorities, and after trial has been sentenced to death for willful murder. He is now at Yankton, D.T. awaiting execution. At the trial it was proved that the murderer was hired to do his work by gamblers who feared the time when better citizens should appoint Bill the champion of law and order - a post which he formerly sustained in Kansas border life, with credit to his manhood and his courage."
McCall was hanged on 1 March 1877 and buried in the Roman Catholic cemetery. The cemetery was moved in 1881, and his body was exhumed and found to have the noose still around his neck. The killing of Wild Bill and the capture of Jack McCall is reenacted every evening (in summer) in Deadwood.Charlie Utter, Hickok's friend and companion, claimed Hickok's body and placed a notice in the local newspaper, the Black Hills Pioneer, which read:"Died in Deadwood, Black Hills, August 2, 1876, from the effects of a pistol shot, J. B. Hickock (sic) (Wild Bill) formerly of Cheyenne, Wyoming . Funeral services will be held at Charlie Utter's Camp, on Thursday afternoon, August 3, 1876, at 3 o'clock P. M. All are respectfully invited to attend."
Almost the entire town attended the funeral, and Utter had Hickok buried with a wooden grave marker reading:"Wild Bill, J. B. Hickock (sic) killed by the assassin Jack McCall in Deadwood, Black Hills, August 2, 1876. Pard, we will meet again in the happy hunting ground to part no more. Good bye, Colorado Charlie, C. H. Utter."
Hickok was originally buried in the Ingelside Cemetery, Deadwood's original graveyard. This graveyard filled quickly, preventing further use, and in 1879, on the third anniversary of his original burial, Utter paid to move Hickok to the new Mount Moriah cemetery. As the old cemetery was an area that was better suited for the constant influx of new settlers to live on, the remaining bodies there were moved up the hill to the Mount Moriah Cemetery in the 1880s.
Utter supervised the move and noted that while perfectly preserved, Hickok had been imperfectly embalmed. As a result, calcium carbonate from the surrounding soil had replaced the flesh leading to petrifaction. One of the workers, Joseph McLintock, wrote a detailed description of the re-interment. McLintock used a cane to tap the body, face and head, finding no soft tissue anywhere. He noted the sound was similar to tapping a brick wall and believed the remains to now weigh more than 400 lb (181 kg). William Austin, the cemetery caretaker, estimated 500 lb (227 kg) which made it difficult for the men to carry them to the new site. The original grave marker was also moved to the new site but by 1891 had been destroyed by souvenir hunters whittling pieces from it and it was replaced with a statue. This in turn was destroyed by relic hunters and replaced in 1902 by a life-size sandstone sculpture of Hickok. This too was badly defaced which led to its complete enclosure in a cage for protection. This was cut open by relic hunters in the 1950s and the statue removed.
Hickok is currently interred in a ten-foot (3 m) square plot at the Mount Moriah Cemetery, surrounded by a cast-iron fence with a U.S. flag flying nearby. A monument has since been built there. It has been reported that Calamity Jane was buried next to him because that was her dying wish. However, four of the men on the self-appointed committee who planned Calamity's funeral (Albert Malter, Frank Ankeney, Jim Carson, and Anson Higby) later stated that since Bill had “absolutely no use” for Jane in this life, they decided to play a posthumous joke on Hickok by laying her to rest for eternity by his side. Potato Creek Johnny, a local Deadwood celebrity from the late 1800s and early 1900s, is also buried next to Wild Bill.It is difficult to separate the truth from fiction about Hickok, the first "dime novel" hero of the western era, in many ways one of the first comic book heroes, keeping company with another who achieved part of his fame in such a way, frontiersman Davy Crockett. In the dime-store novels, exploits of Hickok were presented in heroic form, making him seem larger than life. In truth, most of the stories were greatly exaggerated or fabricated by both the writers and himself.
Portrayed by Guy Madison in the 1951-58 series The Adventures of Wild Bill Hickok, as well as in the Mutual Broadcasting radio series "The Adventures of Wild Bill Hickok," 271 half-hour programs 1951-54.
Played by Lloyd Bridges in a 1964 episode of the anthology The Great Adventure.
Portrayed by Josh Brolin in the 1989-92 series The Young Riders.
Portrayed by William Russ in episode 1.06 of the 1995 series Legend, episode 1.06 "The Life, Death and Life of Wild Bill Hickok." The episode portrays him faking his own death so that he can retire peacefully.
Dramatized in the HBO series Deadwood, in which he is portrayed by Keith Carradine.
In the 1995 made-for-TV film Buffalo Girls based on the novel by Larry McMurtry, he was played by actor Sam Elliott with Anjelica Huston as Calamity Jane. The film (as does the book on which it is based) gives portrays the legend that Calamity Jane had a daughter by him.
Played by Sam Shepard in the 1999 movie Purgatory, a made-for-TV movie on TNT
Played by William S. Hart in the 1923 film Wild Bill Hickok
Played by Gary Cooper in the 1936 film The Plainsman, featuring Jean Arthur as Calamity Jane and directed by Cecil B. DeMille
Played by Wild Bill Elliott in the 1938 serial The Great Adventures of Wild Bill Hickok
Played by Roy Rogers in the 1940 film Young Bill Hickok, directed by Joseph Kane
Played by Howard Keel in the 1953 film Calamity Jane
Played by Forrest Tucker in the 1953 film Pony Express
Played by Tom Brown in the 1956 film I Killed Wild Bill Hickok
Played by Robert Culp in the 1963 film The Raiders, directed by Hershel Daugherty
Portrayed by Jeff Corey in the 1970 Dustin Hoffman film Little Big Man
Portrayed by Charles Bronson in the 1977 film The White Buffalo
Portrayed by Richard Farnsworth in the 1981 film The Legend of the Lone Ranger
Portrayed by Jeff Bridges in the 1995 film Wild Bill
1823 - "The New York Mirror and Ladies Literary Gazette" was founded. The weekly newspaper later became the daily "New York Mirror".
1824 - Fifth Avenue was opened in New York City. It became one of the most famous thoroughfares in the world, the home of many beautiful, fashionable stores.
1984 - Charles Schulz’ award-winning comic strip was picked up by the "Daily Times" in Portsmouth, OH. With the addition of that paper, "Peanuts", featuring Charlie Brown, Snoopy, Lucy, Pigpen, Linus, Peppermint Pattie, Woodstock and the gang, became the first comic strip to appear in 2,000 newspapers.
1887 - Barbed wire was patented by Chester A. Hodge of Beloit, WI.
Aug 3 10 2:24 PM
1933 - The world-famous Mickey Mouse Watch was introduced. The timepiece sold for $2.75. A Mickey Mouse Clock sold for $1.50. New models now sell for $25 or more and the original watches and clocks are worth hundreds of dollars.
1989 - The ABC news magazine "Primetime Live" debuted, with Sam Donaldson and Diane Sawyer reporting/starring. Just one of many creations of ABC News president Roone Arledge, the show ran through Sep 9, 1998, when it was merged with ABC’s "20/20".
1996 - “Give your body happiness, Macarena...” "Macarena (bayside boys mix)", by Los Del Rio, hit #1 on "Billboard". It stayed and stayed at the top -- for 14 smash weeks -- as dancers swayed and swayed. “Ehhhhhh, Macarena!” 1997 - Garth Brooks performs a free concert in Central Park NY for HBO Chart Toppers - August 3 1946The Gypsy - The Ink SpotsDoin’ What Comes Naturally - Dinah ShoreThey Say It’s Wonderful - Frank SinatraNew Spanish Two Step - Bob Wills1954Sh-Boom - The CrewcutsThe Little Shoemaker - The GaylordsHey There - Rosemary ClooneyOne by One - Kitty Wells & Red Foley1962Roses are Red - Bobby VintonThe Wah Watusi - The OrlonsSealed with a Kiss - Brian HylandWolverton Mountain - Claude King1970(They Long to Be) Close to You - CarpentersMake It with You - BreadSigned, Sealed, Delivered I’m Yours - Stevie WonderWonder Could I Live There Anymore - Charley Pride1978Shadow Dancing - Andy GibbBaker Street - Gerry RaffertyMiss You - The Rolling StonesOnly One Love in My Life - Ronnie Milsap1986Glory of Love - Peter CeteraPapa Don’t Preach - MadonnaMad About You - Belinda CarlisleNobody in His Right Mind Would’ve Left Her - George Strait
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1940 - "Crime Doctor" introduced a new kind of radio hero to audiences. The CBS radio program presented Dr. Benjamin Ordway, the show’s main character, who was a victim of amnesia. He once was a criminal, but got hit on the head, and suddenly began to work as a crime fighter. Nice twist.
1987 - A new 22-cent stamp honoring noted author William Faulkner went on sale in Oxford, MS. Faulkner had been fired as postmaster of that same post office in 1924.
2000 - Movies opening this day (in U.S. theatres): "Coyote Ugly" -- about a 21-year-old woman who takes a job as a barmaid at Coyote Ugly, the hottest spot in town; "Space Cowboys" -- about a group of almost-over-the-hill pilots called to undertake a space rescue mission; and "Hollow Man" -- about a scientist who develops a serum that induces complete invisibility (it brought in $26.41 million the first weekend -- the movie, not the serum).
1927 - Singer Jimmie Rodgers recorded his first sides for Victor Records in Bristol, TN. He sang "Sleep Baby Sleep" and "Soldier’s Sweetheart".
Aug 5 10 5:54 PM
1921 - The "New York World" published the first cartoon to be awarded a Pulitzer Prize. "On the Road to Moscow", by Rollin Kirby, received the prestigious journalism honor.
1935 - The radio drama "Backstage Wife" was first aired -- on the Mutual Broadcasting System. The show was heard until 1959.
1974 - The comic strip "Tank McNamara" premiered in 75 newspapers. Jeff Millar and Bill Hinds created the 6-foot, 4-inch, 225-pound former defensive tackle of the State University Sand Crabs; and who became a jock/sportscaster.
1931 - Det Tiger Tommy Bridges perfect game is broken up with 2 outs in 9th
1990 - Jim Palmer & Joe Morgan inducted into hall of fame
Plays, Operas and Musicals Premiers and Events1970 - Robert Morley's "How the Other Half Loves," premieres in London
1926 - 1st talkie movie "Don Juan" at Warner Theatre, NY
TV Events1956 - KUAM TV channel 8 in Agana, GU (CBS/ABC/NBC) begins broadcasting 1956 - WCYB TV channel 5 in Bristol-Kingsport, VA (NBC) begins broadcasting 1957 - Dick Clark’s "American Bandstand" caught the attention of network executives at ABC-TV in New York, who decided to put the show on its afternoon schedule. However, the one thing they couldn't do was disrupt an airing of the hugely popular "Mickey Mouse Club" at 5 p.m. What to do? Halfway through the "American Bandstand" show, Clark would tell listeners to come back for more of the show ... but “right now ... here comes the Mouse!” At that time, the network would cut away from Philadelphia and show Walt Disney's Mouseketeers. Following the show ... "American Bandstand" would return for another 30 minutes.
Music Events1964 - Beatles record "Leave My Kitten Alone" 1966 - Beatles release "Revolver" album in US 1966 - Beatles release "Yellow Submarine" & "Eleanor Rigby" in UK 1967 - Bobby Gentry releases her only hit "Ode to Billy Joe"
Aug 6 10 6:12 PM
1928 - One of radio’s first serials was heard as "Real Folks" debuted on NBC.
1939 - After becoming a success with Ben Bernie on network radio, Dinah Shore started her own show on the NBC Blue radio network. Dinah sang every Sunday evening. Dinah also had a successful TV career spanning over two decades.
1999 - Two memorable movies opened in U.S. theatres. "The Sixth Sense", with Bruce Willis starring as a child psychologist and Haley Joel Osment, who plays an 8-year-old who is visited by ghosts. As of July 24, 2001, it had rung up $293,501,675 at the box office. Not nearly so successful, but great fun just the same, was "The Thomas Crown Affair". Pierce Brosnan and Rene Russo starred in this redo of the 1968 Steve McQueen/Faye Dunaway flick. As of June 30, 2001, it had grossed $69,304,264.
1973 - After one of the biggest promotional blitzes in TV history, writer/reporter Sally Quinn joined Hughes Rudd as co-host of the "CBS Morning News". Not long after her TV debut, Quinn found that she wasn’t suited so much for TV and went back to writing for "The Washington Post". 1998 - Dick Clark, Chubby Checker, Fabian and Lesley Gore appeared on CBS-TV's "Murphy Brown."
Chart Toppers - August 6 1949Some Enchanted Evening - Perry ComoAgain - Gordon JenkinsRiders in the Sky - Vaughn MonroeI’m Throwing Rice (At the Girl that I Love) - Eddy Arnold1957Love Letters in the Sand - Pat BooneTammy - Debbie ReynoldsDiana - Paul Anka(Let Me Be Your) Teddy Bear - Elvis Presley1965(I Can’t Get No) Satisfaction - The Rolling StonesI’m Henry VIII, I Am - Herman’s HermitsWhat’s New Pussycat? - Tom JonesThe First Thing Ev’ry Morning (And the Last Thing Ev’ry Night) - Jimmy Dean1973The Morning After - Maureen McGovernLive and Let Die - WingsDiamond Girl - Seals & CroftsLord, Mr. Ford - Jerry Reed1981Jessie’s Girl - Rick SpringfieldTheme from "Greatest American Hero" (Believe It or Not) - Joey ScarburyI Don’t Need You - Kenny RogersDixie on My Mind - Hank Williams, Jr.1989Batdance - PrinceOn Our Own - Bobby BrownSo Alive - Love & RocketsWhy’d You Come in Here Lookin’ like That - Dolly Partonkittencaboudle
Aug 6 10 9:58 PM
Aug 6 10 10:10 PM
Kitten"The average woman would rather be beautiful than smart because the average man can see better than he can think. "Hey now is that just your opinion or what? Maybe it has something to do with how much alcohol is involved.Dusty
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